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Politics of Memory and History in the Museum – The New “Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War” in Minsk/Belarus1 Kristiane Janeke Introduction It may seem strange to hope for some inspirations for the discussion of war and museum from, of all places, the politically and culturally isolated Belarus. However, in my opinion, casting a glance at Belarus can be quite instructive as the costly and complex rebuilding of the “Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War”2 is taking place at present.3 It is amazing how, as a matter of course, the

A New Field for Museum Studies
Kritische Weißseinsforschung in der praktischen Museumsarbeit
Nationale Erinnerungsmuseen in Chile und Peru
Die Förderung kultureller Teilhabe durch Audience Development

spielte die Institution The Smithsonian Institution in Washington D.C. (USA) eine herausragende Rolle innerhalb des englischsprachigen Diskurses. Denn im Rahmen dieses Komplexes aus Museen und Forschungseinrichtungen (vgl.:, zuletzt abge- rufen am 25.01.2012) wurden bereits Ende der 1980er Jahre Forschungsansätze im Bereich der New Museology geprägt. Aus den beiden, dort veranstalteten Tagungen im Jahr 1988 und 1990 sind die zwei bekannten Publikationen von Karp und Levine hervorgegangen: dies. 1991: Exhibiting Cultures: The Poetics and Politics of

has become one of the dominant modes for representing war and has influenced representational practices in other museums. This article aims at examining a few of these museums within their particu- lar cultural and political context.2 The starting point will be the first museum that used diorama installations, the Ataturk and Independence War Museum in Ankara, which was opened in 2002. In a second part, two projects will be described, which in their content as well as in their design refer to this first museum: the Panoramic Victory Museum and the 1453 Panorama


the City: Presentations of War in German City Museums Susanne Hagemann | 131 THE TRAUMA OF WAR AND THE LIMITS OF MEDIA War in Context: Let the Artifacts Speak Robert M. Ehrenreich, Jane Klinger | 145 War Museums and Photography Alexandra Bounia, Theopisti Stylianou-Lambert | 155 The Monument is Invisible, the Sign Visible. Monuments in New Perspectives Werner Fenz | 173 MILITARY HISTORY, WAR MUSEUMS AND NATIONAL IDENTITY Politics of Memory and History in the Museum – The New “Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War” in Minsk/Belarus Kristiane Janeke

those developments which have led to the present era being described as the ‘Age of Migration’. It is true that even in Europe, issues related to migration phenomena are an integral part of the cultural, social and political reality. In order to describe a society permeated by a range of factors related to migration, the idea of the “migration society” has taken root in recent years.3 The question of how the history and present of migration is represented in national museums also appears particularly pertinent given that it is in this context that “national

(Bodenstein and Pagani 2014). As this book shows, this move towards reflecting and reinventing is not just confined to Europe and North America – there are examples from the African continent too. Cooperation between museums in Africa and Europe is not a new phenomenon. However, its forms have changed over time due to shifts in ideologies, ethics, politics, academic theories and museum prac- tice. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the colonial powers established museums in many of their territories in Africa, following the example and model of European museums