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10 Material Cultures of Psychiatry Monika Ankele and Benoît Majerus Flowers and Space When a historic building housing the Massachusetts Mental Health Center in Bos- ton (founded in 1912) was to be demolished in 2003, artist Anna Schuleit conceived a project that memorializes the place, its history, and its people. Schuleit decided for a walk-in installation and placed a total of 28,000 potted flowers on the four floors of the abandoned building. She put flowers in the former treatment rooms, offices, staircases, and corridors. Even the hospital’s swimming

Series: Histoire, 155

380 Artistic Research on Things in/of Psychiatry: An Interdisciplinary Teaching Project Céline Kaiser In the room next to the Small Anatomical Theatre, there is a bed up against the wall. It looks comfortable. Although it is the same color as its surroundings, its fluffy, crumpled covers and pillows form a noticeable contrast to the sterile wash- room with beige tiles, where corpses were once cleaned for autopsies and brought in and out. It stands there, the unmade bed, as if someone had just gotten up, per- haps to drink a coffee or to take a shower. An

institution, since treatment never takes place under laboratory conditions. Reflections of these epis- temological preconditions initiated the development of theory work concerned with institutional architecture, including scenography and material culture in the psychiatric space (Kaiser 2019; Topp 2017; Moran/Topp/Andrews 2007; Yanni 2007; Gittins 1998). In the sense of Michel Foucault’s (1990) description of space as “heterotopia,” psychiatry brings together several spaces in one place. These are, of course, socio-psychological spaces like safe spaces, trauma zones

354 Psychographics and the Materials of Time Measurement in Modern French Psychiatry Maia Isabelle Woolner During the last decades of the 19th century and the first decades of the 20th, French psychiatrists and psychologists, like their counterparts elsewhere in Europe and North America, tried to transform and invigorate the study and diagnosis of men- tal illness through new forms of inscription, measurement, and quantification. As Dr. Jacques Roubinovitch put it in 1900, the French alienist – as French psychia- trists were then called – could not be

158 Theories of the “Savage”: The Material Varek (Seagrass) As a Bearer of Meaning in Psychiatry around 1900 Katrin Luchsinger On November 24, 1913, the patient Lisette H. (1857–1924) made a women’s hat out of seagrass in the Rheinau psychiatric hospital in the canton of Zurich, where she lived from 1901 until her death.1 During the 23 years that she spent in the institution, Lisette H. made several objects out of this material, seven of which have survived (an eighth object is made of cotton waste).2 Seagrass was known as Varek and was used to stuff

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Material Cultures of Psychiatry Monika Ankele is a historian. She is a scientific researcher at the Institute for History and Ethics of Medicine at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf and curator at the Medical History Museum Hamburg. Benoît Majerus is a historian. He is professor of European History at the Centre for Contemporary and Digital History at the University Luxembourg. Monika Ankele, Benoît Majerus (eds.) MATERIAL CULTURES OF PSYCHIATRY

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Landsteiner Have a Seat!: Approaching the Object of the Chair at the Site of Psychiatry 116 Viviane Stopp Pat. No. 25682 30 I. Scenography and Space Monika Ankele, Benoît Majerus Material Cultures of Psychiatry 10 6 Raja Goltz Have a Seat 138 Monika Ankele The Fabric of Seclusion: Textiles As Media of (Spatial) Interaction in Isolation Cells of Mental Hospitals 140 Katrin Luchsinger Theories of the “Savage”: The Material Varek (Seagrass) As a Bearer of Meaning in Psychiatry around 1900 158 Lydia Oertelt Untitled 184 Louise Hide The Uses and Misuses of Television

30 Pat. No. 25682 Viviane Stopp The idea for my work came from the project Willard Suitcases by Jon Crispin. In a former psychiatric hospital in New York, hundreds of numbered suitcases with personal belongings of patients were stored. Crispin photographed the suitcases and their contents. His photographs inspired me to create my drawings, which not only show personal objects, but also spatial situations in psychiatry and specific objects that represent the history/histories of this place. Various drawings 31 32 Stopp 33 Pat. No. 25682 34 Stopp 35 Pat. No

408 Monika Ankele is a historian. She is a scientific researcher at the Institute for History and Ethics of Medicine at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf and curator at the Medical History Museum. Her research focuses on the history of psychiatry and its institutional cultures. Her last research project was funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and addressed the material culture of psychiatry, put- ting a special emphasis on the hospital bed and the bathtub. Her latest paper titled “Material Configurations of Nursing and Its Ethical