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Mapping Constitutional Commitments on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights A Global Survey LUCÍA BERRO PIZZAROSSA, KATRINA S. PEREHUDOFF 1 1. INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW OF THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK Sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) have been increasingly recognized and developed in international human rights law. The UN hu- man rights system has repeatedly confirmed that SRHR are human rights established in the core human rights conventions. Reproductive health was first enshrined under the right to health in the International

Familienplanung, Gesundheit und Entwicklung in Guatemala, 1944-1986
Series: Histoire, 167

Verzeichnis der Abkürzungen IPPF International Planned Parenthood Federation LNHO League of Nations Health Organization (Vorgänger der WHO) LN League of Nations NGOs Non-Governmental Organizations OIHP Office d’Hygiène Publique PASB Pan American Sanitary Bureau RHR Reproductive Health and Rights SRH Sexual and Reproductive Health SMI Safe Motherhood Initiative UNFPA United Nations Population Fund UN United Nations WHA World Health Assembly WHO World Health Organization Leseproben, weitere Informationen und Bestellmöglichkeiten finden Sie unter www

to Health for Border Management. Emergency Assistance and Medical Screenings in the Context of Forced Migration Veronika Flegar, Marie-Noëlle Veys | 227 Prevention of Torture and Cruel or Inhuman and Degrading Treatment in Healthcare Adriaan van Es | 263 III. IMPLEMENTATION IN HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS The Right to Health and the Post-2015 Health and Sustainable Development Goal Agenda. Jonathan Mann’s 1997 Call for a Paradigm Shift Remains Imperative Claire E. Brolan | 293 Mapping Constitutional Commitments on Sexual and Reproductive Health

, socially inclusive measures and tools for dealing with the wish to have a child as a political is- sue. Starting with these findings, this dissertation analyses and offers catego- ries for the assessment of new reproductive health measures within changing public health-systems under the condition of altered concepts of the human and gender.

dimensions of governance, sexual and reproductive health, and social research and theory. Noemi Steuer holds a PhD in Social Anthropology and works at the Centre for African Studies Basel (CASB), University of Basel, Switzerland. Her research interests include academic life-trajectories, social recognition and intergenerational relations. In addition, she is engaged in managing and scientifically consulting theatre and art projects in Switzerland, Germany and Mali. Julian Tadesse is a sociologist with a focus on the Horn of Africa Region. He is a Research Fellow at

injuries from road traffic accidents 3.7 By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive healthcare services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes 3.8 Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential healthcare services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all 3.9 By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from

kontrollieren. Die Agenda von Kairo und die offizielle Abschaffung repressiver Bevölkerungspolitiken sind zweifellos ein wichtiger Schritt und ein Instrument, umMenschenrechtsverletzungen durch Staaten abzuweh- ren. Folgende Definition der Reproduktiven Gesundheit und Rechte wurde in Kairo von 179 Ländern verabschiedet: Reproductive health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in all matters relating to the reproductive system and its functions and pro- cesses. Reproductive health therefore implies

own reproductive health« (WHO Agenda 2001: 16). Sexualität und Fortpflanzung erscheinen als Frage eines individuellen Gesundheitsmanagements, reproduktive Verhaltens- weisen dürfen frei und selbstbestimmt sein, sofern sie auf einem bestim- mten Wissen basieren, mit dem eine optimale Gesundheit erreicht wer- den soll. Als ein Ziel formuliert die WHO Europa »[…] to increase the knowledge of individuals and couples on their right to make free and informed choices on the number and timing of children and to promote the goal of every child being a wanted child« (ebd

rationalities. Referring to the con- cept of articulation, as elaborated by Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe (1991), I understand articulation as a process in which discursive elements change their meaning when they are related and linked to one another.3 In the case at hand, I will show that the success story of new individualizing concepts, like reproductive health and rights, as they have emerged on the population agenda since the United Nations’ International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo in 1994, can only be fully understood if we analyze