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Immanuel Kants Denken der Zweckmässigkeit und die koloniale Episteme

outlines methodological possibilities while entering the field. It makes distinction between the theoretical orientations of techno-sociality and sociality of technology, and highlights the significance of adopting the latter to study new soci- alities that are emerging due to human interaction with technology. It discusses some challenges of doing qualitative research in new media contexts and suggests measures for overcoming them. In this regard, it reviews the suitability of virtual ethnography and participant obser- vation as methodological approaches to mobile

focus groups were iden- tified as the methodological cornerstones of the investigation. Most importantly, the suitability of established methods of ethnography, regardless of whether one researches predominantly online or offline situations, was stressed. Alongside her participants, the researcher “lives everything at once” (Miller 28) during periods of participant observation. This is also true for interviews, which “must be viewed as social events in which the interviewer […] is a participant observer” (Hammer- sley and Atkinson 120). Once again, the chapter

and suggestions on how to de­ sign, develop and grow social innovation. MIGUEL PEROMINGO110 upcoming ‘Haus der Zukunft’5 (House of the Future) in Berlin, a forum for science, economy and politics, are already planned with a pro­am involvement from the beginning. According to a conversation with the head of communication, the house will invite citizens to participate ac­ tively in designing possible future paths in the so­called ‘real lab’, where technologies and concepts are tested for their suitability and sustainabil­ ity. Projects like this already show

2013b); fictional scenarios whose visual sophistication nonetheless might add its part to imagined futures like Scharre’s. In addition, some authors stress that different types of sensors could be distributed to different swarm members, a so-called heterogeneous group control (Economist 2017). This means that the functions of failing or eliminated UAVs can easily be taken over by other swarm members and the operational readiness of the Swarm UAS remains intact. Other explore their suitability as electronic warfare devices – e. g., as distributed beamforming

seen as increasing. More research on the adaption of workers (instead of having to prescribe an increasing amount of sedatives) was construed as necessary. Psychologists and psychiatrists were employed by industries to assess suitability in relation to different work tasks. Even tasks that are not physi- cally demanding can be psychologically fatiguing for a ‘sensitive personality’, it was argued. Various assessments were developed to make sure the right job was given to the right individual, which would also prevent ‘work life neuroses’ (Borg 1956). These work

interaction process, deliberation, and the formation of opinion through mutual communication (cf. Littig and Wallace 10). 6.4 Conclusion In this chapter, participant observation, interviews, and focus groups were iden- tified as the methodological cornerstones of the investigation. Most importantly, the suitability of established methods of ethnography, regardless of whether one researches predominantly online or offline situations, was stressed. Alongside her participants, the researcher “lives everything at once” (Miller 28) during periods of participant observation

and (technical) suitability of an oth- erwise impossible endeavor: the crossing of the sea. In addition to being a tech- nology of movement, boat and ships are enablers and facilitators, the latter in the most literal sense of the word. Similarly, Rebekka Ladewig (2005: 64) sees the common characteristics of all ships – maritime ships, airship, spaceships – in the termines how much water is displaced, e.g. in the case of bulbous bows. This will also determine how much additional cargo weight can be

, “to read a discussion in a chat room, etc. on the Internet, without taking part in it yourself“ has been added (sec.3), the term essentially never lost its dubious connotation. As such, even seasoned scholars of the field had to acknowledge the term’s limited suitability in describing a research method (cf. Hine, Ethnography for the Internet 57). 6.2 Interviews Hammersley and Atkinson argue that “[i]nterviews in ethnographic research range from spontaneous informal conversations in the course of other activities to for- mally arranged meetings in bounded

niches of resistance be fostered? A third complex of further questions emerges from the intersections of science policy with other policy fields. From a political economy perspective, it is highly astonishing that no analysis exists yet in view of the suitability of research funding as an instrument of technology export. Interviewees had different stances on the issue, but studies on the success of incorporating business partners into consortia 276 Sustainable Development in Science Policy-Making are still missing. No evaluations on financial returns or the success of