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Thailand’s Flawed 2019 Election Confirms the Country’s Deep Political Divide Michael H. Nelson (Bangkok) The Political Context After having been postponed a number of times and over a number of years, the Thai military dictators (the National Council for Peace and Order, or NCPO, in office after their coup of 22 May 2015) finally allowed elections to be held on 24 March 2019.1 These numerous delays occurred despite the cost of aborting a newly drafted constitution in September 2015. Clearly, the military dictators wanted to spend more time in power. However, it

Fertility Decline and the Role of Culture – Thailand’s Demographic Challenges for the 21st Century Kwanchit Sasiwonsaroj, Karl Husa, Helmut Wohlschlägl (Vienna & Bangkok) Changing Demographics, Changing Challenges – Southeast Asia in Transition Declining birth and death rates, changes in age distribution, in mortality and morbi- dity, in fertility and marriage behavior, in the average life expectancy and in family and household structures, as well as a transformation of traditional family life arrangements and social structures of ever larger sections of the

1 Locals and Cosmopolitans in Southern Thailand Chaiyan Rajchagool (1994) notes that the view that Bangkok occupies the solar position, holding an entire system of regional satellites togeth- er, reflects the fact that the working of an ideology has continues to dominate Thai studies. The Thai nation-state is relatively recent. Siam became a nation-state only in the early 1900s, when Bangkok sup- pressed the autonomy of the outlying regions in the north, the north- east (Isan) and the south. The articulation of state power at the local level required the creation

Conclusion Debating Morality and the Nation in Southern Thailand In the escalating cultural competition, standards of morality are styl- ized as questions of cultural distinction and political legitimization. During my fieldwork in Songkla and Patani in 1995/96 and in 1998, competitive life orders provided the cultural codes of a passionate dis- course on good society. In the following, I want to show that the de- bate on morality reflects political struggles in Southern Thailand and that family constructs and gender relations are not only negotiations in the

Modernisierung in Siam in der zweiten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts Ein eigenständiger thailändischer Weg oder eine Kopie europäischer Vorbilder? SUPHOT MANALAPANACHAROEN Dieser Beitrag befasst sich mit der Frage, ob die Modernisierung in Siam in der zweiten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts ein eigenständiger thailändischer Weg oder eine Kopie europäischer Vorbilder war. Um ein besseres Bild von diesem Pro- zess zu gewinnen, ist es unerlässlich, nicht nur die äußere, sondern insbesondere die Binnenperspektive in

2 The Making of Consumers in Southern Thailand This chapter will consider the people of Southern Thailand in terms of becoming consumers rather than being consumers. As in Goffman- esque society, social relationships constitute a stage upon which the so- cial player presents a performance. Social success hinges on the presentation of an acceptable image. Image-management and image- creation become decisive in the organization of everyday life (cf. Goff- man 1959, 1974). Conceptualizing segments of the middle class seg- ments as communities of practice, our

63 Therav da Buddhism and Human Rights. Perspectives from Thai Buddhism1 MARTIN SEEGER In this article I intend to pursue two major objectives. Firstly, I want to examine current debates in which ideas and practices in Thai Therav da Buddhism2 have repeatedly been perceived as being not in line with or problematic with regard to human rights. In particu- lar “freedom of religion” has become the subject of debate in the course of various controversies that have taken place in Thai Bud- dhism during the last twenty years. There has been considerable dis

Das animistische Kollektiv. Lévy-Bruhl, soziale Ontologien und die Gegenseitigkeit menschlicher und nicht- menschlicher Wesen in Thailand Benjamin Baumann∗ 1. EINLEITUNG Idealtypisch gesprochen und mit Verweis auf Ferdinand Tönnies’ grundle- gende Typenbildung beschäftige ich mich in diesem Beitrag mit lebens- weltlichen Vorstellungen von Gemeinschaft und ihrer alltäglichen Repro- duktion im ländlichen Nordosten Thailands.1 Die Imagination und Erfah- rung der Zugehörigkeit zu diesen lebensweltlichen Gemeinschaften versu- che ich mit dem Konzept

Free Sex und Kalatesa Free Sex und Kalatesa. Sexualität, Körper und soziale Kontrolle in Thailand und Malaysia Alexander Horstmann Einleitung Im Diskurs über Geschlechterverhältnisse und Geschlechteridentitäten wird oft übersehen, dass es in nicht-westlichen Gesellschaften kulturel- le Systeme des rituellen Lebenszyklus und des Austauschs gibt, die diesen Gesellschaften indigen sind. In den verschiedenen Gesellschaf- ten Südostasiens ist der Umgang mit Sexualität und Körper sehr un- terschiedlich gestaltet. Es besteht Einigkeit darüber, dass Sexualität und

The Construction and Shaping of Communal Space in South Thailand