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Nietzsches Denken in philosophischer Reflexion und narrativer Praxis des 20. Jahrhunderts: Pirandello, Unamuno, Bataille und Sollers
Series: Lettre

distinction between proto-fascism and fascism proper is often diffi- cult to draw. To an extent, the whole notion of a proto-fascism is based on ‘foreshadowing’, an analytic failing in which the past is read from the standpoint of what followed (Bernstein 1994; also see: Stone 2003). After all, what is typically assumed to make an idea, argument or movement ‘proto-fascist’ rather than ‘simply’ radical right-wing, is that this idea (and so on) provided the ideological groundwork for a subsequent fascist movement. Here, I use the term slightly differently: a text was taken to

distinction between proto-fascism and fascism proper is often diffi- cult to draw. To an extent, the whole notion of a proto-fascism is based on ‘foreshadowing’, an analytic failing in which the past is read from the standpoint of what followed (Bernstein 1994; also see: Stone 2003). After all, what is typically assumed to make an idea, argument or movement ‘proto-fascist’ rather than ‘simply’ radical right-wing, is that this idea (and so on) provided the ideological groundwork for a subsequent fascist movement. Here, I use the term slightly differently: a text was taken to

curb latent proto-Fascism in its state. As Johannes von Moltke highlights in his analysis of Artur Pohl’s DEFA production Die Brücke [The Bridge, 1949], integration of Umsiedler [reset- tlers] and Einheimische [locals] into a socialist Heimat was of great concern and political currency.36 An appealing image of GDR Heimat was required not least due to the need to integrate some four million expellees. “To entice this relatively mobile proportion of a total population of 17.5 million to stay, the state tried hard to integrate these migrants not just economically