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Disability, Disabilities

Encyclopedia of the Bible and its Reception

Dabbesheth – Dreams and Dream Interpretation

Volume 6
Editor(s): Hans-Josef Klauck, Volker Leppin, Bernard McGinn, Choon-Leong Seow, Hermann Spieckermann, Barry Dov Walfish, Eric J. Ziolkowski
De Gruyter (Berlin, Boston) 2012

Hebrew Bible/Old Testament

Jeremy Schipper

Biblical Hebrew does have a specific word equivalent to the English word “disability.” Unlike English, not every language would necessarily have a word that could refer to cerebral palsy, anorexia, and blindness, among other conditions. The Hebrew word mûm, which the NRSV usually translates as “blemish,” covers many conditions that a contemporary audience may consider to be disabilities, such as blindness or lameness (cf. Lev 21:16–23). Yet, the HB/OT does not use the word mûm for conditions su…

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