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Lime, Limestone

Encyclopedia of the Bible and its Reception

Volume 16
Editor(s): Christine Helmer, Steven L. McKenzie, Thomas Römer, Jens Schröter, Barry Dov Walfish, Eric J. Ziolkowski
De Gruyter (Berlin, Boston) 2018

Limestone, or calcium carbonate (CaCO3), is a sedimentary rock that has many uses, particularly in construction. When heated to temperatures above 550°C, limestone produces lime or calcium oxide (CaO). The white alkaline powder can then be mixed with water (H2O) to produce calcium hydroxide (Ca[OH]2), which is an ideal mortar or plaster. Archaeological evidence reveals that this mixture was generally used to waterproof storage containers and plaster walls and floors (Block: 26).…

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