IUPAC Project Number: 2013-001-2-700
IUPAC Standards Online
Nomenclature and Terminology > Toxicology
From: Glossary of Terms Used in Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology (IUPAC Recommendations 2016)
1The Edinburgh Centre for Toxicology, 43 Mansionhouse Road, Edinburgh, Scotland EH9 2JD, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
2In den Kreuzäckern 16, Tübingen, Germany
3Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, 1 King’s College Circle, Toronto, Ont. M5S 1A8, Canada
This manuscript was prepared in the framework of IUPAC project 2013-001-2-700.
Cite as: John H. Duffus, Michael Schwenk, Douglas M. Templeton. Glossary of Terms Used in Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology (IUPAC Recommendations 2016), Pure Appl. Chem. 88, 713 (2016). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2015-1202
- birth defects; chemical toxicology; developmental biology; reproductive health; teratogenesis; terminology
- IUPAC Division:
- Division of Chemistry and Human Health
- Document Type:
The primary objective of this glossary is to give clear definitions for those who contribute to studies relevant to these disciplines, or who must interpret them, but are not themselves reproductive physiologists or physicians. This applies especially to chemists who need to understand the literature of reproductive and teratogenic effects of substances without recourse to a multiplicity of other glossaries or dictionaries. The glossary includes terms related to basic and clinical reproductive biology and teratogenesis, insofar as they are necessary for a self-contained document, particularly terms related to diagnosing, measuring, and understanding the effects of substances on the embryo, the fetus, and on the male and female reproductive systems. The glossary consists of about 1200 primary alphabetical entries and includes Annexes of common abbreviations and examples of chemicals with known effects on human reproduction and development. The authors hope that toxicologists, pharmacologists, medical practitioners, risk assessors, and regulatory authorities are among the groups who will find this glossary helpful, in addition to chemists. In particular, the glossary should facilitate the worldwide use of chemical terminology in relation to occupational and environmental risk assessment.