Multisensor Data Fusion in Fatigue Detection Using Wearable Devices

Abstract

Operator performance and safety that are both affected by the operator mental status (fatigue/alert) are basic requirements in work environments. The needs for practical and low-cost approaches for fatigue detection are therefore required by governmental, industrial and safety organizations. This paper proposes a new approach for operator fatigue detection that is based on biological data collection using accurate, low-cost and easy to use wearable devices. Three bio-data sensors for heart rate, wrist temperature and skin conductivity are adopted in this work for data collection and generation of fatigue-related metrics. Effective features of the collected bio-data are identified and labeled using the heart-rate variability metric that is measured by a wearable chest-strap heart monitor. The data collected from real subjects is used to train a dataset for fatigue analysis and classification using sub-classifiers based on artificial neural networks. Decision-level data fusion technique based on Bayesian combiner is then applied to enhance the accuracy and confidence of the obtained classification results. Performance of the developed alertness/fatigue detector is assessed experimentally and the obtained findings demonstrated acceptable performance in terms of modularity, accuracy, sensitivity and specificity when compared to individual classifiers.

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