Bias-Driven Attention, Cognitive Penetration and Epistemic Downgrading

in The Philosophy of Perception


It has been argued that dogmatism, the view that experience alone can justify belief, has no way of explaining why experiences that are epistemically downgraded by irrational thinking should not play the same justificatory role as experiences that haven’t suffered this fate. In this paper I argue that a recent, initially promising response to this challenge has limited applicability, as it cannot accommodate the experiences that are epistemically downgraded by bias-driven attention. I then argue that dogmatism can be salvaged by denying that genuine high-level properties are presented in experience.

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