Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Manual of Romance Morphosyntax and Syntax

Ed. by Dufter, Andreas / Stark, Elisabeth

Series:Manuals of Romance Linguistics 17

eBook (PDF)
Publication Date:
September 2017
Copyright year:
2017
ISBN
978-3-11-037708-8
See all formats and pricing

17. Exclamatives, imperatives, optatives

Villalba, Xavier

Abstract

We provide a summary of the main syntactic features of exclamative, imperative, and optative sentential modality across Romance. It is shown that in order to isolate a coherent set of defining grammatical properties for each category, it is important to distinguish between form and function. Exclamatives involve a high range of syntactic variation, particularly in the list of exclamative words, subject-verb inversion, and the presence of a complementizer and/or expletive negation. In contrast, they are homogenous in having speaker orientation and expressing a high degree of a property. Imperatives, which typically involve orders and requests, are quite similar across Romance in restricting the presence of the subject to contrastive uses and in preferring enclisis, but they differ substantially in negated orders, where Romance languages and dialects resort to different forms from the verbal paradigm. Finally, optatives, which express desires, are typically found in the subjunctive and either they are introduced by a complementizer or they involve verb movement to a left peripheral position, yielding subject-verb inversion and enclisis.

Citation Information

Manual of Romance Morphosyntax and Syntax

Edited by Dufter, Andreas / Stark, Elisabeth

De Gruyter

2017

Pages: 603–646

ISBN (Online): 9783110377088

DOI (Chapter): https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110377088-017

DOI (Book): https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110377088

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in