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Christus in natura

Quellen, Hermeneutik und Rezeption des Physiologus

[Christus in natura. Sources, Hermeneutics and Reception of the Physiologus]

Ed. by Kindschi Garský, Zbyněk / Hirsch-Luipold, Rainer

Funded by Schweizerischer Nationalfonds (SNF)

Series:Studies of the Bible and Its Reception (SBR) 11

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November 2019
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Der Physiologus und die Tierkunde der Griechen

Görgemanns, Herwig


1. Introduction: Physiologus and its Relation to Ancient Zoology. 2. Brief introduction to Physiologus (chapter 5). 3. Aristotle’s Zoology: a) Overview, b) Relation to philosophy, c) Presentation of De partibus animalium 1,5: Zoological research as an ideal image of bios theoretikós, contact with the religious. Conjecture: the often stated “ὁ φυσιολόγος” is a reminder of the authority of Aristotle. 4. Hellenistic animal literature: a) the creation of reference works, b) the penetration of entertainment and mirabilia literature, c) the “occultism” of Bolos of Mendes. 5. Hellenistic philosophy: a) intelligence and character, legal relationship, b) the controversy Stoicism - Academy (Philon, Plutarch). 6. Religious animal symbolism: a) Egyptians: Justification of the Egyptian animal cult by Hellenistic Egyptians of the Ptolemaic period. Presentation of Plutarch, De Iside et Osiride 74-76 (the symbolism mentioned here references the Greek mentality). Plutarch treats the subtleties of the symbolism with slight mockery, but on the philosophical level he accords animals very a prominent position as symbolic figures, because they are carriers of life and thus mirrors of the divine. b) Jews: Hellenized Jews try to justify the Old Testament prohibitions on certain foods (“impure animals”) by symbolic interpretations. Letter of Aristeas 142-169; Philo, De specialibus legibus 4,100-118. c) Christians: Letter of Barnabas 10. Jewish dietary laws are not merely explained by symbolic interpretation, but also abolished.

Citation Information

Herwig Görgemanns (2019). Der Physiologus und die Tierkunde der Griechen. In Zbyněk Kindschi Garský, Rainer Hirsch-Luipold (Eds.), Christus in natura: Quellen, Hermeneutik und Rezeption des Physiologus (pp. 17–26). Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110494143-004

Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110494143

Online ISBN: 9783110494143

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Munich/Boston. BY-NC-ND 4.0 This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License.

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