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Christus in natura

Quellen, Hermeneutik und Rezeption des Physiologus

[Christus in natura. Sources, Hermeneutics and Reception of the Physiologus]

Ed. by Kindschi Garský, Zbyněk / Hirsch-Luipold, Rainer

Funded by Schweizerischer Nationalfonds (SNF)

Series:Studies of the Bible and Its Reception (SBR) 11

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November 2019
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Von Einhorn, Hirsch, Pelikan und anderem Getier. Septuaginta, Physiologus und darüber hinaus

Kraus, Thomas J.


The Physiologus describes many animals (or creatures), with which we are very familiar today as “beautiful” (καλῶς), while others seem odd and still others rather mythical to us. In many cases its author quotes suitable verses from the Old and New Testament, arranges them accordingly and creates an independent interpretation without identifying these quotations as such and/or designating them as formulas. In doing so, the Physiologus relies on the Greek version of the Old Testament, the Septuagint, and quotes from it. This study provides an overview of the animals that can be found both in the Septuagint and the Physiologus. It focuses on selected example chapters of the Physiologus, describing the respective contexts and discussing their significance for the quotations. The study also seeks to determine why certain lexemes were used, while other available ones were not. Finally, this article offers suggestions about why certain mythically determined animals (or creatures) found their way into the Physiologus.

Citation Information

Thomas J. Kraus (2019). Von Einhorn, Hirsch, Pelikan und anderem Getier. Septuaginta, Physiologus und darüber hinaus. In Zbyněk Kindschi Garský, Rainer Hirsch-Luipold (Eds.), Christus in natura: Quellen, Hermeneutik und Rezeption des Physiologus (pp. 63–80). Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110494143-008

Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110494143

Online ISBN: 9783110494143

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Munich/Boston. BY-NC-ND 4.0 This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License.

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