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Open Access

Contesting Religion

The Media Dynamics of Cultural Conflicts in Scandinavia

Ed. by Lundby, Knut

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Publication Date:
July 2018
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Chapter 1 Scandinavia: Traits, Trends and Tensions

Lundby, Knut / Repstad, Pål


The Scandinavian welfare societies depend on strong states to provide public services and to redistribute income. Scandinavians enjoy comprehensive welfare systems that offer citizens social security within open economies. Scandinavia combines international market capitalism with government regulation. The political-economic crisis in Europe influences Scandinavia as well, with pressure from globalization and immigration, and new political divisions that are articulated by right-wing populism. The Scandinavian countries are built on egalitarian values and practices and the level of trust between people is high. However, the countries are finding that these egalitarian values also have unintended, problematic consequences, especially as these once relatively homogenous societies experience growing diversity. Today, there are peculiar contrasts in the Scandinavian cultural-religious landscape, between old churches with large majorities of the population as members, and levels of secularity in Scandinavian societies that position the region as the most secular corner of the world.

Citation Information

Knut Lundby, Pål Repstad (2018). Chapter 1 Scandinavia: Traits, Trends and Tensions. In Knut Lundby (Editor), Contesting Religion: The Media Dynamics of Cultural Conflicts in Scandinavia (pp. 13–32). Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110502060-006

Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110502060

Online ISBN: 9783110502060

© 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Munich/Boston. BY-NC-ND 4.0 This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License.

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