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Mind and Language – On the Philosophy of Anton Marty

Ed. by Fréchette, Guillaume / Taieb, Hamid

Series:Phenomenology & Mind 19

eBook (PDF)
Publication Date:
November 2017
Copyright year:
2018
ISBN
978-3-11-053148-0
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Consciousness of Judging: Katkov’s Critique of Marty’s State of Affairs and Brentano’s Description of Judgement

Janoušek, Hynek

Abstract

This study presents Katkov’s critique of Marty’s theory of meaning and Brentano’s description of judgemental consciousness. Katkov, a student of Oskar Kraus in Prague, developed an interesting account of a reistic reduction of states of affairs. This reduction is based on Katkov’s transformation of Marty’s theory of the secondary intention of statements (linguistically expressed judgements) and on a further development of Brentano’s theory of judgements. According to Katkov’s theory, all linguistically expressed judgements have to manifest two independent judgements if they are to fulfil the communicative goal of a speaker. The first judgement is a basic acceptance or negation of an object. The second is a higher-order belief in the correctness of the acceptance or negation. Katkov then reduces states of affairs to the consciousness of objective validity, which consists in such a belief in correctness. In this article I first present some features of Katkov’s critique of Marty’s theory of linguistic communication of statements. I then offer my own short reply to Katkov’s questions. The study concludes by presenting Katkov’s reduction of states of affairs to a complex of beliefs and by questioning Katkov’s description concerning the difference between sensory perception and rational judgement. This difference motivates Katkov’s separation of a basic acceptance or negation on the one side and a separate belief in the correctness of the acceptance or negation on the other.

Citation Information

Mind and Language – On the Philosophy of Anton Marty

Edited by Fréchette, Guillaume / Taieb, Hamid

De Gruyter

2017

Pages: 241–260

ISBN (Online): 9783110531480

DOI (Chapter): https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110531480-011

DOI (Book): https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110531480

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