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Empirical Approaches to the Phonological Structure of Words

Ed. by Ulbrich, Christiane / Werth, Alexander / Wiese, Richard

Series:Linguistische Arbeiten 567

eBook (PDF)
Publication Date:
March 2018
Copyright year:
2018
ISBN
978-3-11-054289-9
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The role of phonological structure in speech segmentation by infants and adults: a review and methodological considerations

Boll-Avetisyan, Natalie

Abstract

Across languages, phonological words are restricted by constraints on their phonological structure. As a by-product, word-internal phonological structure creates cues to word boundaries in continuous speech: if an acoustic sequence occurs in speech that is illegal or unlikely within words, then it is most likely that it resides at a word boundary. There is experimental evidence that infant and adult listeners exploit knowledge of phonological structure for segmenting speech into words. Results of such studies can, conversely, inform us about the nature of the phonological word, the relevant underlying mental representations, and when these are acquired. The present chapter consists of two parts. First, a literature overview of studies is presented that provide empirical evidence for a role of phonological structure in speech segmentation by infants and adults. The second part focuses on how effects of phonological structure on speech segmentation can be tested experimentally. An overview of methods is provided that can be used with infant and adult populations (i.e., artificial language segmentation, word spotting and methods using more naturalistic spoken text passages), and their pros and cons and their limits are evaluated. The chapter ends with methodological recommendations.

Citation Information

Natalie Boll-Avetisyan (2018). The role of phonological structure in speech segmentation by infants and adults: a review and methodological considerations. In Christiane Ulbrich, Alexander Werth, Richard Wiese (Eds.), Empirical Approaches to the Phonological Structure of Words (pp. 213–240). Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110542899-009

Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110542899

Online ISBN: 9783110542899

© 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Munich/BostonGet Permission

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