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Additive and Subtractive Manufacturing

Emergent Technologies

Ed. by Davim, J. Paulo

Series:Advanced Mechanical Engineering 4

eBook (PDF)
Publication Date:
January 2020
Copyright year:
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7. Ultrasonic-assisted deep-hole drilling

Nguyen, Van-Du / Chu, Ngoc-Hung


Drilling is one of the most common subtractive processes to make holes. In deep drilling, when the hole depth is larger than two times the diameter, the drilling torque increases exponentially. The most accepted explanation is that, as the depth increases, the increased amount of chips filled up the flutes, leading to chip clogging and thus causing the total torque increase. Several undesirable effects could be occurred due to excessive torque, such as chipping of the drill lips, thermal softening of the tool, or torsional failure of the drill. It is difficult and inefficient to take out the broken part of the tool from the workpiece. Such issues are critical problems for the smart machining processes and become a blockage in production lines. Specialized tools and techniques to improve chip evacuation in deep drilling have been developed, such as single-lip gun, tube drills, grooved tool bits, or peck drilling. Ultrasonic-assisted drilling (UAD) is a new technique providing an alternate and promising solution. This chapter presents how effective this technique can provide for deep hole drilling. Experimental data revealed that ultrasonic vibration can significantly reduce not only the cutting torque, but also the chip evacuation torque. A new and useful tool to analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of UAD is provided via a new model of the drilling torque, which consists of three components. Steps of design and realization of an UAD are also summarized with the hope of helping readers to apply in practical applications

Citation Information

Van-Du Nguyen, Ngoc-Hung Chu (2019). 7. Ultrasonic-assisted deep-hole drilling. In J. Paulo Davim (Editor), Additive and Subtractive Manufacturing: Emergent Technologies (pp. 251–270). Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110549775-007

Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110549775

Online ISBN: 9783110549775

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Munich/BostonGet Permission

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