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Subordination in English

Synchronic and Diachronic Perspectives

Ed. by Seoane, Elena / Acuña-Fariña, Carlos / Palacios-Martínez, Ignacio

Series:Topics in English Linguistics [TiEL] 101

eBook (PDF)
Publication Date:
July 2018
Copyright year:
2018
ISBN
978-3-11-058357-1
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Adverbial subordination across variety types: A synchronic analysis of the syntax and semantics of since- and while-clauses in ENL, ESL, and EFL

Leuckert, Sven

Abstract

Adverbial subordination with since and while has been studied from various angles, but never with regard to potential differences and similarities between English as a Native Language (ENL), English as a Second Language (ESL), and English as a Foreign Language (EFL). In this study, spoken and written components of the International Corpus of English (ICE) for Great Britain, Hong Kong, and Singapore, as well as spoken and written portions of the International Corpus Network of Asian Learners of English (ICNALE), are analyzed with regard to the syntax and semantics of since- and while-clauses. In addition to providing a general synchronic survey of the semantic and syntactic properties of clauses introduced by since and while, this paper also compares usage patterns in different varieties of English. Qualitative and quantitative analyses reveal that Asian EFL sometimes resembles ENL and sometimes ESL, which suggests a largely exonormative orientation with some first signs of (potential) innovations. Cross-varietal analyses using conditional inference trees and random forests reveal that the length of since- and while-clauses is most heavily influenced by the semantics of a clause. The position of since-clauses, however, is most dependent on variety status, whereas the position of while-clauses is most dependent on clause meaning.

Citation Information

Sven Leuckert (2018). Adverbial subordination across variety types: A synchronic analysis of the syntax and semantics of since- and while-clauses in ENL, ESL, and EFL. In Elena Seoane, Carlos Acuña-Fariña, Ignacio Palacios-Martínez (Eds.), Subordination in English: Synchronic and Diachronic Perspectives (pp. 235–262). Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110583571-011

Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110583571

Online ISBN: 9783110583571

© 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Munich/BostonGet Permission

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