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Acta Biologica Cracoviensia s. Botanica

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

2 Issues per year

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Flavonoid and Organic Acid Content in Rose Hips (Rosa L., Sect. Caninae Dc. Em. Christ.)

Artur Adamczak
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants, Wojska Polskiego 71B, 60-630 Poznań, Poland
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Waldemar Buchwald
  • Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants, Wojska Polskiego 71B, 60-630 Poznań, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jerzy Zieliński
  • Department of Forestry Natural Foundation, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 71D, 60-625 Poznań, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Sebastian Mielcarek
  • Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants, Wojska Polskiego 71B, 60-630 Poznań, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2012-11-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10182-012-0012-0

We determined the level of flavonoids, citric acid and ascorbic acid in hips of rose species from the Caninae section occurring in Poland. We performed phytochemical analyses of 75 samples representing 11 species: Rosaagrestis Savi, R. canina L., R. dumalis Bechst., R. glauca Pourret, R. inodora Fries, R. jundzillii Besser, R. rubiginosa L., R. sherardii Davies, R. tomentosa Sm., R. villosa L. and R. zalana Wiesb. Flavonoid content was determined spectrophotometrically, and organic acid concentrations by HPLC. The content of the studied compounds varied greatly. Interspecific differences in the amount of flavonoids and ascorbic acid were highly significant. The most common species, Rosa canina, showed low average content of vitamin C (0.51 g/100 g of dry matter) and flavonoids (41 mg/100 g DM) and high content of citric acid (3.48 g/100 g DM). Ascorbic acid was highest in R. villosa hips (avg. 2.25 g/100 g DM), flavonoids were highest in R. rubiginosa (72 mg/100 g DM), and citric acid was highest in R. tomentosa (4.34 g/100 g DM). Flavonoid level correlated negatively with the amount of citric acid (r=-0.47, p<0.001). Cluster analysis of rose species based on the content of the investigated compounds confirmed the validity of the division of sect. Caninae into three subsections: Rubiginosae, Vestitae and Rubrifoliae. The phytochemical variation of these roses reflects their probable phylogenetic relationships as determined from morphology.

Keywords: Rosa; Caninae; rose hips; medicinal plants; flavonoids; vitamin C; phylogenetic relationships; taxonomy.

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About the article

Published Online: 2012-11-21

Published in Print: 2012-11-01

Citation Information: Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica, Volume 54, Issue 1, Pages 105–112, ISSN (Online) 1898-0295, ISSN (Print) 0001-5296, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10182-012-0012-0.

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