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Acta Biologica Cracoviensia s. Botanica

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

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1898-0295
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The Reproductive Biology of Selected Taxa of the Genus Cerasus Duham

Renáta Chudíková
  • Department of Botany, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Ľuba Ďurišová
  • Department of Botany, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Tibor Baranec
  • Department of Botany, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ JUN.* Pavol Eliáš
Published Online: 2013-01-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10182-012-0023-x

We used cytological and embryological methods to study reproductive cycle stages in Cerasus fruticosa Pall., Cerasus × eminens (Beck) Buia and Cerasus × mohacsyana (Kárpáti) Janchen from SW Slovakia, focusing on development of the male and female reproductive organs, fertilization processes and embryo formation. We found that reproductive potential was reduced by synergistic effects of negative biotic and abiotic factors. Despite the presence of degenerated, deformed pollen grains and their great variability of shape and size, a sufficient amount of normally developed viable pollen grains developed in anthers of C. fruticosa and C. × mohacsyana. Disturbed microsporogenesis in C. × eminens led to significantly lower production of viable pollen grains. We did not observe serious disturbances during megasporogenesis and megagametogenesis. Lower fruit set was caused by degeneration of ovules as a result of unsuccessful pollination, fertilization failure, or embryo degeneration during its initial development.

Keywords: Cerasus taxa; female gametophyte; pollen grains; embryo.

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About the article

Published Online: 2013-01-22

Published in Print: 2012-12-01


Citation Information: Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica, Volume 54, Issue 2, Pages 11–20, ISSN (Online) 1898-0295, ISSN (Print) 0001-5296, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10182-012-0023-x.

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