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Acta Biologica Cracoviensia s. Botanica

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

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1898-0295
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Comparison of Isozyme, RAPD and AFLP Markers in Genetic Similarity Assessment of CMS Ogura F1 Hybrids of Winter Oilseed Rape (Brassica Napus L.) Parental Lines

Alina Liersch
  • Department of Oilseed Crops, Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute, National Research Institute, Strzeszyńska 36, 60-479 Poznań, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Jan Bocianowski
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Mathematical and Statistical Methods, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-637 Poznań, Poland
  • Email
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Marcin Kozak
  • Department of Botany, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
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/ Iwona Bartkowiak-Broda
  • Department of Oilseed Crops, Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute, National Research Institute, Strzeszyńska 36, 60-479 Poznań, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2013-09-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/abcsb-2013-0001

Abstract

Isozyme, RAPD and AFLP markers were evaluated and compared for their ability to determine genetic similarity in a set of 18 parental lines of winter oilseed rape F<sub>1</sub> hybrids developed using CMS ogura. Five isozyme systems, 64 RAPD starters and 23 EcoRI+3/MseI+3 AFLP primer combinations generated 597 polymorphic markers. These polymorphic fragments were chosen for estimation of genetic similarity. Of the total number of polymorphic products, polymorphic zymograms constituted only 3.0% of the markers, 57 RAPD primers 37.7%, and 23 AFLP primer combinations 59.3%. The size of RAPD polymorphic products ranged from 564 to 2100 bp. On average there were four amplified bands per primer, with 61.0% polymorphism. The AFLP polymorphic fragments ranged from 72 to 1352 bp in size. AFLP assays generated 15 bands per primer pair on average and detected roughly four times more bands than with RAPD analysis. The genetic similarity coefficients based on all marker data range from 0.52 to 0.84. The correlation of genetic similarities based on RAPD and AFLP markers was 0.58. Estimated genetic similarity based on isozyme data was not correlated with genetic similarity derived from the two DNA-based markers. The dendrogram constructed with the three types of markers taken together grouped all the winter oilseed rape parental lines into several similar clusters. The genomic distribution and frequency of the RAPD and AFLP markers can serve well as estimators of genetic similarity between parental lines of F<sub>1</sub> CMS ogura hybrids

Keywords: Winter oilseed rape; Brassica napus; F1 hybrids CMS ogura; genetic similarity; molecular markers

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About the article

Published Online: 2013-09-06

Published in Print: 2013-06-01


Citation Information: Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica, Volume 55, Issue 1, Pages 49–57, ISSN (Online) 1898-0295, ISSN (Print) 0001-5296, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/abcsb-2013-0001.

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