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Insulin Receptor and its Relationship with Different Forms of Insulin Resistance

1 / Marek Niedziela2

1PhD in Molecular Biology Home address: 92/51 M.C. Sklodowskiej-Curie Street, 85-733 Bydgoszcz

2Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 2nd Chair of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetology, Molecular Endocrinology Laboratory 27/33 Szpitalna Street 60-572 Poznan, Poland

© by Aleksandra Rojek. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Citation Information: Advances in Cell Biology. Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 59–90, ISSN (Online) 2080-2218, DOI: 10.2478/v10052-010-0004-8, October 2014

Publication History

Published Online:


Insulin plays an important role in maintaining the whole organism’s homeostasis. The presence of insulin receptors in all vertebrates and invertebrates cells reflects the diversity of regulatory processes in which this hormone is involved. Furthermore, many different factors may influence the level of insulin receptor expression. These factors include e.g. the sole insulin or stage of development. Mutations in the receptor may lead to the development of insulin resistance. These mutations differ in the level of severity and are frequently associated with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cardiovascular disorders, heart failure, metabolic syndrome and infertility in women. More than 50 mutations in insulin receptor gene have already been characterized. These mutations are associated with rare forms of insulin resistance like leprechaunism, insulin resistance type A or Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome. Molecular analysis of insulin receptor gene may lead to a better understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying various types of insulin resistance and help to develop more efficient treatment.

Keywords : insulin receptor; INSR gene; alternative splicing; insulin receptor isoforms; hybrid receptors; insulin resistance


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