Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Archives of Civil Engineering

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

4 Issues per year

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR): 0.251
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP): 0.521

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 57, Issue 2


Deformation of Geosynthetic Reinforced Soil Structures by Design, in the Lab and in the Field

G. Heerten
  • CEO of NAUE GmbH & Co. KG, Gewerbestrasse 2, 32339 Espelkamp, Germany. Hon. Professor RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2012-03-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v.10169-011-0012-6


Green-geo-engineering with geosynthetic reinforced soil structures is of increasing practice around the world. Poland is among the leading countries with the third biggest geogrid market in Europe. The German EBGEO 2010 Guideline for Soil Reinforcement with Geosynthetics as first European Guideline for Geosynthetics linked to the Eurocode 7, and the new design code for Japanese railway structures under seismic loading are introduced. New research results from the Geotechnical Institute of the RWTH Aachen, Germany, dealing with the soil/reinforcement interaction and new approaches for design codes for the reinforcement of base courses in traffic areas based on lab and field tests in the USA are presented.

Keywords: soil structures; geosynthetics


  • 1. EBGEO, Empfehlungen für den Entwurf und die Berechnung von Erdkörpern mit Bewehrungseinlagen aus Geokunststoffen (EBGEO). 2. vollst¨andig überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage. Herausgeber: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geotechnik e.V., ISBN 978-3-433-02950-3, Verlag Ernst & Sohn, Berlin, April 2010.Google Scholar

  • 2. T. Egloffstein, O¨ kologischer Vergleich zwischen Bauweisen mit mineralischen Baustoffen und Bindemitteln sowie Bauweisen mit Geokunststoffen. Zeitschrift geotechnik 32 (2009) Nr. 3.Google Scholar

  • 3. FGSV-Merkblatt 551, Merkblatt für Bodenverfestigungen und Bodenverbesserungen mit Bindemitteln. Veröffentlichung der Forschungsgesellschaft für Straßen- und Verkehrswesen, 2004.Google Scholar

  • 4. G. Heerten, Improving the Bearing Capacity of Soils with Geosynthetics. 8th International Geotechnical Conference, Bratislava, Slovakia, June 2007.Google Scholar

  • 5. G. Heerten, J. Klompmaker, L. Vollmert, The geomechanical behaviour of geogrids. 9th International Geotechnical Conference, Bratislava, Czech Republic, June 2009.Google Scholar

  • 6. G. Heerten, Reduction of climate-damaging gases in geotechnial engineering by use of geosynthetics. International Symposium on Geotechnical Engineering, Ground Improvement, and Geosynthetics for Sustainable Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change including Global Warming, Bangkok, Thailand, December 2009. (Keynote lecture).Google Scholar

  • 7. G. Heerten, Improved design methods for geogrid soil reinforcement and green-geo-engineering aspects, 14th Danube-European Conference on Geotechnical Engineering, Bratislava, Slovakia, June 2010.Google Scholar

  • 8. J. Koerner, T-Y. Soong, R.M. Koerner, Retaining Wall Costs in the USA. GRI Report No. 20, Geosynthetic Institute, Folsom, Penna., June 18, 1998, 38 pages.Google Scholar

  • 9. S.W. Perkins, B.R. Christopher, E.L. Cuelho, G.R. Eiksund, I. Hoff, C.W. Schwartz, G. Svan_, A. Watn, Development of Design Methods for Geosynthetic Reinforced Flexible Pavements. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC, FHWA Report Reference Number DTFH61-01-X-00068, 263p., 2004.Google Scholar

  • 10. S.W. Perkins, B.R. Christopher, Development of design charts for unpaved roads using NAUE Geosynthetics. Western Transportation Institute College of Engineering Montana State University, 2009.Google Scholar

  • 11. A. Ruiken, M. Ziegler, Untersuchungen am Verbundstoff Geogitterbewehrter Boden. 9. S¨achsisches Bautextilien-Symposium, BAUTEX 2010, Chemnitz, Januar 2010.Google Scholar

  • 12. A. Ruiken, M. Ziegler, Determination of the Soil Confining Effect of Geogrids. 14th Danube-European Conference on Geotechnical Engineering, Bratislava, Slovakia, June 2010.Google Scholar

  • 13. SETAC, Guideline for Life Cycle Assessment - A ”Code of Practice”. Society for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, SETAC Workshop held at Sesimbra, Portugal, 31 March - 3 April 1993, Edition 1, Brussels and Pensacola (Florida).Google Scholar

  • 14. F. Tatsuoka, Recent developments in practice and research of geosynthetic-reinforced earth structures in Japan. Keynote lecture, 30. Baugrundtagung, Dortmund, September 2008.Google Scholar

  • 15. F. Tatsuoka, President’s Corner, IGS News, Vol. 25, No. 3, November 2009.Google Scholar

  • 16. L. Vollmert, J. Klompmaker, M. Hol ´y, Steep Slopes Following European Design Codes - Prediction and Field Monitoring of Geogrid-Strains and Earth Pressure on the Facing-System. 14th Danube-European Conference on Geotechnical Engineering, Bratislava, Slovakia, June 2010.Google Scholar

  • 17. K. Werth, Steil, lang und kurvig - Herausforderungen bei Bemessung und Ausführung von Oberfl ¨achenabdichtungen in Böschungen unter Einsatz von Geogittern. Fachtagung ”Die sichere Deponie - Sicherung von Deponien und Altlasten mit Kunststoffen”, SKZ Würzburg, Februar 2010.Google Scholar

  • 18. M. Ziegler, G. Heerten, A. Ruiken, Progress in the understanding of geosynthetic/soil composite material behaviour in geosynthetic reinforced earth structures. GeoAmericas 2008, The First Pan American Geosynthetics Conference and Exhibition, Cancun, Mexico, March 2008. Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2010-12-15

Revised: 2011-03-18

Published Online: 2012-03-12

Published in Print: 2011-06-01

Citation Information: Archives of Civil Engineering, Volume 57, Issue 2, Pages 153–171, ISSN (Online) 1230-2945, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v.10169-011-0012-6.

Export Citation

© Polish Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in