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Archives of Civil Engineering

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

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SCImago Journal Rank (SJR): 0.251
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP): 0.521

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1230-2945
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Volume 58, Issue 2

Moisture and Frost Resistance of the Recycled Base Rehabilitated with the Foamed Bitumen Technology / Odpornosc Na Oddziaływanie Wody I Mrozu Podbudowy W Technologii Recyklingu Z Asfaltem Spienionym

M. Iwanski
  • Corresponding author
  • DsC. PhD, the University Prof., Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Kielce University
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/ A. Chomicz-Kowalska
Published Online: 2012-07-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v.10169-012-0011-2

Abstract

The technology of recycling with foamed bitumen is a new technology of road rehabilitation. Due to the climatic conditions in the Central European countries, road pavement structure should be moisture and frost resistant. Because of its specific production conditions, this is especially important for pavements rehabilitation with the cold recycling technology. Determining the physical and mechanical properties, as well as moisture and frost resistance, depends on binder and filler contents. They are the key elements before its use for road building. The tests presented here have been performed on mineral recycled base mixes with foamed bitumen. The material from the existing layers was used. The content of bitumen binder amounted to 2.0%, 2.5%, 3.0% and 3.5%, while that of cement to 1.0%, 1.5%, 2.0%, 2.5%. The results were subject to the optimization process. This allowed to state that with the use of 2.5% foamed bitumen and 2.0% of cement, the base had the required properties, as well as the moisture and frost resistance.

Streszczenie

Ze wzgledu na warunki klimatyczne wystepujace w krajach Europy Centralnej podbudowa powinna charakteryzowac sie wysokimi parametrami mechanicznymi oraz odpornoscia na działanie wody i mrozu. Przedmiotem badan była ocena własciwosci recyklowanych mieszanek mineralnych z asfaltem spienionym w zaleznosci od ilosci zastosowanych materiałów wiazacych (lepiszcza i spoiwa). Badania wykonano na mieszankach, w których wykorzystano materiał istniejacych warstw konstrukcji nawierzchni drogowej. Zawartosc lepiszcza asfaltowego wynosiła 2,0%, 2,5%, 3,0% i 3,5%, natomiast cementu 1,0%, 1,5%, 2,0%, 2,5%. Otrzymane wyniki badan poddane procesowi optymalizacji pozwoliły stwierdzic, ze przy zastosowaniu 2,5% asfaltu spienionego oraz 2,0% cementu materiał podbudowy charakteryzuje sie odpowiednimi własciwosciami fizykomechanicznymi oraz wymagana wodo- i mrozoodpornoscia wg. zastosowanych kryteriów.

Keywords: foamed bitumen; cold recycling technology; moisture and frost resistance

References

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  • 2. K.J. Jenkins, D.C. Collings, H.L. Thesey, F.M. Long, Interim Technical Guideline: Design and Use of Foamed Bitumen Treated Materials, Edited by Les Sampson of Asphalt Academy, Asphalt Academy, Pretoria, South Africa, ISBN 0-7988-7743-6, 2003.Google Scholar

  • 3. M. Iwański, A. Chomicz, Usefulness to foaming of road asphalts used in Poland, Road Pavement, 8, 267-271, 2006.Google Scholar

  • 4. Wirtgen GmbH, Wirtgen Cold Recycling Manual, Windhagen, Germany, 2004.Google Scholar

  • 5. J. Zawadzki, J. Matras, T. Mechowski, D. Sybilski, Technical guideline of performance of the base mineral-cement-emulsion (MCE) mix, 61, IBiM. Warszawa, 1999.Google Scholar

  • 6. Asphalt Academy, Technical Guideline: Bitumen Stabilised Materials, A Guideline for the Design and Construction of Bitumen Emulsion and Foamed Bitumen Stabilized Materials, Pretoria, South Africa, ISBN 978-0-7988-5582-2, 2009.Google Scholar

  • 7. Z. Piasta, A. Lenarcik, Methods of statistical multi-criteria optimisation, [in:] A. M. Brandt (red.), Optimization Methods for Material Design of Cement-based Composites, E & FN Spon, London, New York, 45-59, 1998.Google Scholar

  • 8. D.G. Montgomery, Design and Analysis of Experiments, 5th Edition, John Wiley and Sons, 2001.Google Scholar

  • 9. PANK 4302 - Standard Asphalt pavements. Low temperature resistance. Method of determining indirect tensile strength.Google Scholar

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About the article

Received: 2011-05-15

Revised: 2012-06-14

Published Online: 2012-07-19

Published in Print: 2012-06-01


Citation Information: Archives of Civil Engineering, Volume 58, Issue 2, Pages 185–198, ISSN (Online) 1230-2945, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v.10169-012-0011-2.

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© Polish Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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