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Archives of Civil Engineering

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

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Design of Cross-Section on Roads Through Built-Up Areas

M. Kiec
  • Cracow University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering, ul.Warszawska 24, 31-155 Kraków, Poland
  • Email:
/ M. Tracz
  • Cracow University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering, ul.Warszawska 24, 31-155 Kraków, Poland
  • Email:
/ S. Gaca
  • Cracow University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering, ul.Warszawska 24, 31-155 Kraków, Poland
  • Email:
Published Online: 2012-09-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v.10169-012-0015-y

Abstract

The research into the use of less costly modifications of road links and networks, and changes in the service of road surroundings aimed at ensuring an improvement of through traffic performance in suburban areas, and on roads passing through built-up areas as small localities, with application of simulation model, is presented in this paper. From among possible designs, the authors investigated and presented the effectiveness of two, i.e. implementation of an additional multifunctional median lane in the road cross-section, and construction of service roads with different locations of intersections (end or middle of the road section).

The analysis is focused on the impact of such changes on traffic performance and road safety. The authors analysed travel speed, delay and share of platoon traffic on a uniform sections of the road for different types of road surroundings service. The study presents the results of analyses of road network before and after modification, and the assessment of:

• impact of access points density and level of their use on road traffic performance,

• impact of driving through road sections in built-up area on building platoon traffic,

• impact of change in the cross-section type on traffic performance.

Keywords: simulation model; modification of road network; road safety; cross-section; traffic performance; measurements of effectiveness; delay; travel speed; platoon

References

  • 1. M. Tracz et al., Identification and Predicting of the Scope of Environmental Effects of Vehicle Traffic on the Road Passing Through Small Communities - Research Report No R10 008 02, Ministry of Science and University Education, Chair of Highway and Traffic Engineering, Cracow University of Technology, 2009 (not published).

  • 2. HBS 2001, Handbuch ür die Bemessung von Straßenverkehrsanlagen. Forschungsgesellschaft für Straßen- und Verkehrswesen e.V, Köln 2001.

  • 3. HCM 2010, Highway Capacity Manual 2010, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council Washington, D.C. 2010.

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  • 10. S. Gaca, M. Kieć, Models of Traffic Flows With Speed Limits, Archives of Transport, PAN, 17, 15-34, Warsaw 2005.

  • 11. K. Knapp, K. Giese, T. Welch, Comparison of Simulated Average Arterial Travel Speeds Along Four-Lane Undivided and Three-Lane Roadways with Similar Traffic Flow and Access Density Characteristics, 81st Annual Meeting TRB, 2002.

  • 12. A. Al-Kaisy, S. Karjala, Indicators of Performance on Two-Lane Rural Highways - Empirical Investigation, Washington, D.C., 2008.

  • 13. VISSIM 5.10 User Manual, PTV AG, Germany 2008.

  • 14. K. Herda, K. Skraba, The impact of traffic flow through built up areas on traffic performance. MSc thesis, Politechnika Krakowska, 2011 (in Polish).

  • 15. www.geoportal.gov.pl

  • 16. S. Gaca, M. Tracz, Recent Developments in Highway Geometric Design in the Reconstruction of the Polish Road Network - Country Report. 4th International Symposium on Highway Geometric Design. Valencia, 2010.

About the article

Received: 2012-03-15

Revised: 2012-09-01

Published Online: 2012-09-17

Published in Print: 2012-09-01



Citation Information: Archives of Civil Engineering, ISSN (Online) 1230-2945, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v.10169-012-0015-y. Export Citation

© Polish Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

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