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Acta Medica Martiniana

The Journal of Comenius University in Bratislava

3 Issues per year

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1335-8421
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Splanchnic Circulation in Small for Date Newborns

E Paulusova MD
  • Corresponding author
  • Clinic of Neonatology, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University and University Hospital in Martin, Kollarova 2, 036 01, Martin, Slovak Republic, Phone:+421043/4203 641
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ L Stillova
  • Clinic of Neonatology, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University and University Hospital in Martin, Slovakia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ K Haskova
  • Clinic of Neonatology, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University and University Hospital in Martin, Slovakia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ K Matasova
  • Clinic of Neonatology, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University and University Hospital in Martin, Slovakia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2012-12-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10201-011-0037-1

Abstract

Hypotrophic newborn is a newborn with birth weight below the 5th percentile weight of corresponding gestational age. Hypotrophic infants have higher morbidity and mortality in comparison with eutrophic neonates. A higher incidence of hypoglycemia, polycythemia, hyperbilirubinemia, thrombocytopenia, perinatal asphyxia and caesarean section occurs typically in hypotrophic newborns. Both, intrauterine hemodynamic dysbalance and centralization of circulation due to hypotrophy cause decreased blood flow to the splanchnic circulation after the birth. There was observed a lower increase in blood flow through the coeliac artery and superior mesenteric artery in comparison with eutrophic newborns during the first postnatal week. These facts are likely to be associated with a higher frequency of abdominal problems and necrotizing enterocolitis.

Keywords: small for date newborn; splanchnic circulation; necrotizing enterocolitis

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About the article

Published Online: 2012-12-28

Published in Print: 2012-12-01


Citation Information: Acta Medica Martiniana, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 5–10, ISSN (Online) , ISSN (Print) 1335-8421, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10201-011-0037-1.

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