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Acta Palaeobotanica

The Journal of W. Szafer Institute of Botany of Polish Academy of Sciences

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Microfossils With Suggested Affinities To The Pyramimonadales (Pyramimonadophyceae, Chlorophyta) From The Lower Devonian Rhynie Chert

Evelyn Kustatscher
  • Naturmuseum Bozen, Bindergasse 1, 39100 Bolzano/Bozen, Italy
  • Department für Geo- und Umweltwissenschaften, Paläontologie und Geobiologie, Ludwig-Maximilians- Universität, and Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie, Richard-Wagner-Straße 10, 80333 Munich, Germany
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/ Nora Dotzler
  • Department für Geo- und Umweltwissenschaften, Paläontologie und Geobiologie, Ludwig-Maximilians- Universität, and Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie, Richard-Wagner-Straße 10, 80333 Munich, Germany
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/ Thomas N. Taylor
  • Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, and Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Institute, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045-7534, U.S.A
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/ Michael Krings
  • Department für Geo- und Umweltwissenschaften, Paläontologie und Geobiologie, Ludwig-Maximilians- Universität, and Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie, Richard-Wagner-Straße 10, 80333 Munich, Germany
  • Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, and Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Institute, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045-7534, U.S.A.;
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Published Online: 2014-12-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/acpa-2014-0010


An assemblage of unusual microfossils occurs within an accumulation of plant debris, hyphae, and various types of propagules in the Early Devonian Rhynie chert. Specimens consist of a vesicle with one or more prominent wings (alae) arising from the surface; one wing forms a rim around the equator of the vesicle. The microfossils are interpreted as phycomata of a prasinophycean green alga based on morphological similarities to Pterospermella, a microfossil similar to phycoma stages of the extant Pterosperma (Pyramimonadales). This report represents the third record of phycomata in the Rhynie chert, suggesting that this Early Devonian ecosystem served as habitat to a variety of prasinophyte algae. Moreover, the new microfossils add to the inventory of fossil freshwater representatives of this predominantly marine group of algae.

Keywords: green algae; non-motile stage; phycoma; Pterosperma; Pterospermella; prasinophytes


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About the article

Received: 2014-07-18

Accepted: 2014-10-28

Published Online: 2014-12-20

Published in Print: 2014-12-01

Citation Information: Acta Palaeobotanica, Volume 54, Issue 2, Pages 163–171, ISSN (Online) 2082-0259, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/acpa-2014-0010.

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© by Evelyn Kustatscher. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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