Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Acta Palaeobotanica

The Journal of W. Szafer Institute of Botany of Polish Academy of Sciences

2 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 1.17

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.524
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.513

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2082-0259
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Microfossils With Suggested Affinities To The Pyramimonadales (Pyramimonadophyceae, Chlorophyta) From The Lower Devonian Rhynie Chert

Evelyn Kustatscher
  • Naturmuseum Bozen, Bindergasse 1, 39100 Bolzano/Bozen, Italy
  • Department für Geo- und Umweltwissenschaften, Paläontologie und Geobiologie, Ludwig-Maximilians- Universität, and Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie, Richard-Wagner-Straße 10, 80333 Munich, Germany
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Nora Dotzler
  • Department für Geo- und Umweltwissenschaften, Paläontologie und Geobiologie, Ludwig-Maximilians- Universität, and Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie, Richard-Wagner-Straße 10, 80333 Munich, Germany
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Thomas N. Taylor
  • Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, and Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Institute, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045-7534, U.S.A
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Michael Krings
  • Department für Geo- und Umweltwissenschaften, Paläontologie und Geobiologie, Ludwig-Maximilians- Universität, and Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie, Richard-Wagner-Straße 10, 80333 Munich, Germany
  • Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, and Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Institute, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045-7534, U.S.A.;
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-12-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/acpa-2014-0010

Abstract

An assemblage of unusual microfossils occurs within an accumulation of plant debris, hyphae, and various types of propagules in the Early Devonian Rhynie chert. Specimens consist of a vesicle with one or more prominent wings (alae) arising from the surface; one wing forms a rim around the equator of the vesicle. The microfossils are interpreted as phycomata of a prasinophycean green alga based on morphological similarities to Pterospermella, a microfossil similar to phycoma stages of the extant Pterosperma (Pyramimonadales). This report represents the third record of phycomata in the Rhynie chert, suggesting that this Early Devonian ecosystem served as habitat to a variety of prasinophyte algae. Moreover, the new microfossils add to the inventory of fossil freshwater representatives of this predominantly marine group of algae.

Keywords: green algae; non-motile stage; phycoma; Pterosperma; Pterospermella; prasinophytes

References

  • AL-AMERI T.K. 1986. Observations on the wall structure and the excystment mechanism of acritarchs. J. Micropalaeontol., 5(2): 27-35.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • APAALSE L.A. & ATTA-PETERS D. 2013. Cretaceous- Palaeogene palynology of the Keta-1 Well Offshore Keta Basin, southeastern Ghana. World Appl. Sci. J., 23(11): 1576-1583.Google Scholar

  • CHANNING A. & EDWARDS D. 2009. Yellowstone hot spring environments and the palaeo-ecophysiology of Rhynie chert plants: towards a synthesis. Plant Ecol. Div., 2(2): 111-143.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • CLAUSING A. 1993. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der Süßwasser-Algenflora des mitteleuropäischen Permokarbon: 73-83. In: Daber R., Rüffle L. & Wendt P.B. (eds), Pflanzen der geologischen Vergangenheit. Gesellschaft für sozialwissenschaftliche Forschung und Publizistik, Berlin.Google Scholar

  • COLBATH G.K. & GRENFELL H.R. 1995. Review of biological affinities of Paleozoic acid-resistant, organic-walled eucaryotic algal microfossils (including “acritarchs”). Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 86: 287-314.Google Scholar

  • CROFT W.N. & GEORGE E.A. 1959. Blue-green algae from the Middle Devonian of Rhynie, Aberdeenshire. Bull. British Mus. Nat. Hist., Geol., 3: 341-353.Google Scholar

  • DEFLANDRE G. 1954. Systématique des Hystrichosphaeridés: sur l’acception de genre Cymatiosphaera O. Wetzel. C.R. Somm. Séanc. Soc. Géol. France, 11(12): 257-259.Google Scholar

  • DOTZLER N., TAYLOR T.N. & KRINGS M. 2007. A prasinophycean alga of the genus Cymatiosphaera in the Early Devonian Rhynie chert. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 147: 106-111.Google Scholar

  • DOUBINGER J. 1967. Pleurozonaria mädleri nov. sp., du permo-carbonifère d’Autun. Bull. trimest. Soc. Hist. Nat. Amis Mus. Autun, N.S., 41: 4-7.Google Scholar

  • EDWARDS D.S. & LYON A.G. 1983. Algae from the Rhynie chert. Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 86: 37-55.Google Scholar

  • FENG Z.H., FANG W., WANG X., HUANG C., HUO Q., ZHANG J., HUANG Q. & ZHANG L. 2009. Microfossils and molecular records in oil shales of the Songliao Basin and implications for paleo-depositional environment. Science in China, Ser. D: Earth Sci., 52: 1559-1571.Google Scholar

  • GÖTZ A., RUCKWIED K., PÁLFY J. & HAAS J. 2009. Palynological evidence of synchronous changes within the terrestrial and marine realm at the Triassic/ Jurassic boundary (Csővár section, Hungary). Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 156: 401-409.Google Scholar

  • GUIRY M. 2014. Trochiscia Kützing, 1834. In: Guiry M.D. & Guiry G.M., AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. Available online at: http://www.algaebase.org [last accessed October 24, 2014].Google Scholar

  • HANNAH M.J., WILSON G.J. & WRENN J.H. 2000. Oligocene and Miocene marine palynomorphs from CRP-2/2A, Victoria Land Basin, Antarctica. Terra Antartica, 7: 503-511.Google Scholar

  • HOHAM R.W, ROEMER S.C. & MULLET J.E. 1978. The life history and ecology of the snow alga Chloromonas brevispina comb. nov. (Chlorophyta, Volvocales). Phycologia, 18(1): 55-70.Google Scholar

  • KELMAN R., FEIST M., TREWIN N.H. & HASS H. 2004. Charophyte algae from the Rhynie chert. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh, Earth Sci., 94: 445-455.Google Scholar

  • KERP H. & HASS H. 2004. De Onder-Devonische Rhynie Chert - het oudste en meest compleet bewaarde terrestrische ecosysteem. Grondboor en Hamer, 58: 33-50.Google Scholar

  • KESHRI J.P. & GHOSH S. 2012. Observations on the rare alga Trochiscia obtusa (Reinsch) Hansgirg (Chlorococcales: Chlorophyceae) from Eastern India. NeBIO, 3(5): 41-43.Google Scholar

  • KIDSTON R. & LANG W.H. 1921. On Old Red Sandstone plants showing structure, from the Rhynie chert bed, Aberdeenshire: Part V. The Thallophyta occurring in the peat-bed; the succession of the plants through a vertical section of the bed, and the conditions of accumulation and preservation of the deposit. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh, 52: 855-902.Google Scholar

  • KNOLL A.H., SWETT K. & MARK J. 1991. Paleobiology of a Neoproterozoic tidal flat/lagoonal complex: the Draken Conglomerate Formation, Spitsbergen. J. Paleontol., 65: 531-570.Google Scholar

  • KOMÁREK J. & FOTT B. 1983. Chlorophyceae (Grünalgen). Ordnung Chlorococcales. In: Huber-Pestalozzi, G. (ed.), Das Phytoplankton des Süßwassers. Systematik und Biologie. Die Binnengewässer 16, Band 7., 1. Hälfte. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1044 p.Google Scholar

  • KRINGS M. & TAYLOR T.N. 2014. An unusual fossil microfungus with suggested affinities to the Chytridiomycota from the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert. Nova Hedw., in press.Google Scholar

  • KRINGS M., TAYLOR T.N., DOTZLER N. & HARPER C.J. 2013. Frankbaronia velata nov. sp., a putative peronosporomycete oogonium containing multiple oospores from the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert. Zitteliana A, 53: 23-30.Google Scholar

  • KRINGS M., KERP H., HASS H., TAYLOR T.N. & DOTZLER N. 2007. A filamentous cyanobacterium showing structured colonial growth from the Early Devonian Rhynie chert. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 146: 265-276.Google Scholar

  • KRINGS M., HASS H., KERP H., TAYLOR T.N., AGERER R. & DOTZLER N. 2009. Endophytic cyanobacteria in a 400-million-yr-old land plant: A scenario for the origin of a symbiosis? Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 153: 62-69.Google Scholar

  • KRINGS M., TAYLOR T.N., TAYLOR E.L., HASS H., KERP H., DOTZLER N. & HARPER C.J. 2012. Microfossils from the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert with suggested affinities to the Peronosporomycetes. J. Paleontol., 86: 358-367.Google Scholar

  • KUSTATSCHER E., DOTZLER N., TAYLOR T.N. & KRINGS M. 2014. Microalgae from the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert: a new Cymatiosphaera. Zitteliana A, 54: 165-169.Google Scholar

  • LEBEDEVA N.K. 2010. Palynofacies in Upper Cretaceous sediments of northern Siberia. Stratigr. Geol. Correlation, 18(5): 532-549.Google Scholar

  • LEMMERMANN E. 1908. Flagellatae, Chlorophyceae, Coccosphaerales und Silicoflagellatae: 1-40. In: Brandt K. & Apstein C. (eds), Nordisches Plankton. Botanischer Teil XXI. Lipsius & Tischer, Kiel, Leipzig.Google Scholar

  • MÄDLER K.A. 1963. Die figurierten organischen Bestandteile der Posidonienschiefer. Beih. Geol. Jahrb., 58: 287-406.Google Scholar

  • MARK D.F., RICE C.M., FALLICK A.E., TREWIN N.H., LEE M.R., BOYCE A. & LEE J.K.W. 2011. 40Ar/39Ar dating of hydrothermal activity, biota and gold mineralization in the Rhynie hot-spring system, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 75: 555-569.Google Scholar

  • MULLINS G.L. 2001. Acritarchs and prasinophyte algae of the Elton Group, Ludlow Series, of the type area. Monogr. Palaeontograph. Soc., 616(for vol. 155): 1-154.Google Scholar

  • PARKE M., BOALCHA G.T., JOWETTA R. & HARBOURA D.S. 1978. The genus Pterosperma (Prasinophyceae): species with a single equatorial ala. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U.K., 58(1): 239-276.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • PARRY S.F., NOBLE S.R., CROWLEY Q.G. & WELLMAN C.H. 2011. A high-precision U-Pb age constraint on the Rhynie chert Konservat-Lagerstätte: time scale and other implications. J. Geol. Soc., London, 168: 863-872.Google Scholar

  • POWELL C.L., TREWIN N.H. & EDWARDS D. 2000. Palaeoecology and plant succession in a borehole through the Rhynie cherts, Lower Old Red Sandstone, Scotland: 439-457. In: Friend P.F. & Williams B.P.J. (eds), New Perspectives on the Old Red Sandstone. Geological Society London Publishing House, Bath, UK.Google Scholar

  • PREBBLE J.G., HANNAH M.J. & BARRETT P.J. 2006. Changing Oligocene climate recorded by palynomorphs from two glacio-eustatic sedimentary cycles, Cape Roberts Project, Victoria Land Basin, Antarctica. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 231: 58-70.Google Scholar

  • RICE C.A. & ASHCROFT W.A. 2004. The geology of the northern half of the Rhynie basin, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh, Earth Sci., 94: 299-308.Google Scholar

  • RICE C.M., TREWIN N.H. & ANDERSON L.I. 2002. Geological setting of the Early Devonian Rhynie cherts, Aberdeenshire, Scotland: an early terrestrial hot spring system. J. Geol. Soc., London, 159: 203-214.Google Scholar

  • SILVA P.C. 1996. Taxonomic and nomenclatural status of Trochiscia Kützing and Trochiscia moniliformis Montagne. Cryptogamie, Algol., 17: 69-75.Google Scholar

  • ŠTENCLOVÁ L. 2013. Systematic revision of the family Oocystaceae. Master Thesis, Univ. South Bohemia in České Budějovice, faculty of Science Available online at: http://theses.cz/id/33y4uz/ [last accessed October 24, 2014].Google Scholar

  • SYM S.D. & PIENAAR R.N. 1993. The class Prasinophyceae: 281-376. In: Round F.E. & Chapman D.J. (eds), Progress in Phycological Research, Vol. 9. Biopress Ltd., Bristol.Google Scholar

  • TAHOUN S.S. & MOHAMED O. 2014. Leiosphaeridia and Pterospermella acritarch genera as shallowing phase indicators in the early Jurassic, North Sinai, Egypt. Arab. J. Geosci., in press.Google Scholar

  • TAPPAN H. 1980. The Paleobiology of Plant Protists. W. H. Freeman and Co., San Francisco, CA.Google Scholar

  • TAYLOR T.N., HASS H. & KERP H. 1997. A cyanolichen from the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert. Amer. J. Bot., 84: 992-1004.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • TAYLOR T.N., KLAVINS S.D., KRINGS M., TAYLOR E.L., KERP H. & HASS H. 2004. Fungi from the Rhynie chert: a view from the dark side. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh, Earth Sci., 94: 457-473.Google Scholar

  • TEYSSÈDRE B. 2006. Are the green algae (phylum Viridiplantae) two billion years old? Carnets Géol., 2006(3): 1-15.Google Scholar

  • TSARENKO P.M. & JOHN D.M. 2002. Order Chlorellales: 475-499. In: John D.M., Whitton B.A. & Brook A.J. (eds), The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An Identification Guide to Freshwater and Terrestrial Algae. 2nd Ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar

  • TYSON R.V. 1995. Sedimentary Organic Matter. Organic Facies and Palynofacies. Chapman & Hall, London.Google Scholar

  • WELLMAN C.H. 2006. Spore assemblages from the Lower Devonian ‘Lower Old Red Sandstone’ deposits of the Rhynie outlier, Scotland. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh, Earth Sci., 97: 167-211.Google Scholar

  • WELLMAN C.H., KERP H. & HASS H. 2006. Spores of the Rhynie chert plant Aglaophyton (Rhynia) major (Kidston and Lang) D.S. Edwards, 1986. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 142: 229-250.Google Scholar

  • WICANDER R. & WRIGHT R.P. 1983. Organic-walled microphytoplankton abundance and strategraphic distribution from the Middle Devonian Columbus and Delaware Limestones of the Hamilton Quarry, Marion County, Ohio. Ohio J. Sci., 83(1): 2-13. Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2014-07-18

Accepted: 2014-10-28

Published Online: 2014-12-20

Published in Print: 2014-12-01


Citation Information: Acta Palaeobotanica, ISSN (Online) 2082-0259, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/acpa-2014-0010.

Export Citation

© by Evelyn Kustatscher. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[2]
[3]
Georg Koch, Božo Prtoljan, Antun Husinec, and Valentina Hajek-Tadesse
Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2017, Volume 80, Page 243
[4]

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in