Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Acta Palaeobotanica

The Journal of W. Szafer Institute of Botany of Polish Academy of Sciences

2 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 1.17

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.524
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.513

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2082-0259
See all formats and pricing
More options …

European Jurassic floras: statistics and palaeoenvironmental proxies

Maria Barbacka
  • Corresponding author
  • Hungarian Natural History Museum, Botanical Department, H-1476 Budapest, P.O. Box 222, Hungary
  • W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lubicz 46, 31-512 Kraków, Poland
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Emese Bodor
  • Hungarian Geological and Geophysical Institute, Geological and Geophysical Collections, 1143 Budapest, Stefánia út 14, Hungary
  • Eötvös Loránd University, Department of Palaeontology, 1117 Budapest, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/C, Hungary
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Agata Jarzynka / Evelyn Kustatscher
  • Naturmuseum Südtirol, Bindergasse 1, 39100 Bolzano/Bozen, Italy 6 Department für Geo- und Umweltwissenschaften, Paläontologie und Geobiologie, Ludwig-Maximilians- Universität und Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geobiologie, Richard-Wagner-Straße 10, 80333 München, Germany
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Grzegorz Pacyna
  • Department of Palaeobotany and Palaeoherbarium, Institute of Botany, Jagiellonian University, ul. Lubicz 46, 31-512 Kraków, Poland
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mihai E. Popa
  • University of Bucharest, Faculty of Geology and Geophysics, Laboratory of Palaeontology, 1, N. Balcescu Ave., 010041, Bucharest, Romania;
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Giovanni G. Scanu / Frédéric Thévenard
  • Hungarian Natural History Museum, Botanical Department, H-1476 Budapest, P.O. Box 222, Hungary
  • UMR5276 CNRS, Laboratoire de Géologie de Lyon, Terre, Plančtes et Environnement, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 69622 Villeurbanne cedex, France
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jadwiga Ziaja
Published Online: 2014-12-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/acpa-2014-0011

Abstract

The Jurassic floras of Europe show considerable diversity. To examine the extent of this diversity and its possible causes we used multivariate statistical methods (cluster analysis, PCA, NMDS) to compare all significant Jurassic floras in Europe. Data were based on 770 taxa from 46 fossiliferous occurrences (25 units) from France, Germany, Greenland, Hungary, Italy, Norway, Poland, Romania, Scotland, Serbia, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. Statistical analyses were applied at species level and genus level, and also performed for the major plant groups. The genus cladograms show affinities between different localities based on environmental factors, while the cladograms based on species affinities indicate only taxonomical correlations. The study shows that locality age does not seem to be of paramount importance for floral composition.

Keywords: flora composition; autochthonous and allochthonous floras; cluster analysis; PCA; NMDS; Jurassic; Europe

References

  • ABBINK O., Van KONIJNENBURG-van CITTERT J.H.A. & VISSCHER H. 2004. A sporomorph ecogroup model of the Northwest European Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous: concepts and framework. Geol. Mijnbouw, 83: 17-38.Google Scholar

  • AHLBERG A., SIVHED U. & ERLSTRÖM M. 2003. The Jurassic of Skĺne, southern Sweden. Geol. Surv. Den. Greenl. Bull., 1: 527-541.Google Scholar

  • ALVIN K.L. 1982. Cheirolepidiaceae: biology, structure and paleoecology. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 37: 71-98.Google Scholar

  • BARALE G. 1981. La Paléoflora jurassique du Jura francais: étiude systématique, aspects stratigraphiques et paléoécologiques. Docum. Lab. Géol. Lyon, 81: 1-467.Google Scholar

  • BARALE G. 1987. Les cheirolepidiacees du jurassique inférieur de Saint-Fromond, basin de Carentan (Manche-France). Bull. Soc. Bot. France, Actual Bot., 134(2): 19-37.Google Scholar

  • BARBACKA M. 1992. The Liassic seed ferns of the Mecsek Mountains (S. Hungary): 257-263. In: J.Google Scholar

  • Kovar-Eder (ed.), Palaeovegetational development in Europe and regions relevant to its palaeofloristic evolution. Proc. Pan. Eur. Palaeobot. Conf. Vienna, 19-23 Sept. 1991.Google Scholar

  • BARBACKA M. 1994a. Komlopteris Barbacka nov. gen., a segregate from Pachypteris Brongniart. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 83: 339-349.Google Scholar

  • BARBACKA M. 1994b. Pachypteris banatica from the Mecsek Mountains Liassic. Acta Palaeobot. 34(1): 5-19.Google Scholar

  • BARBACKA M. 1997. Ctenozamites cycadea (Berger) Schenk from the Mecsek Mountains Liassic - S. Hungary. Meded. Nederl. Inst. Toegep. Geowetens. TNO, 58: 81-85.Google Scholar

  • BARBACKA M. 2000. Bennettitales from the Mecsek Mountains Liassic, Hungary. Acta Palaeobot., 40(2): 111-127.Google Scholar

  • BARBACKA M. 2001. The cycads of Hungarian Liassic. Rev. Paléobiol., 20(2): 525-541.Google Scholar

  • BARBACKA M. 2002. The Liassic Ginkgoales from the Mecsek Mountains, Hungary. Rev. Paléobiol., 21(2): 697-715.Google Scholar

  • BARBACKA M. 2009. Sphenophyta from the Early Jurassic of the Mecsek Mts., Hungary. Acta Palaeobot., 49(2): 221-231.Google Scholar

  • BARBACKA M. 2011. Biodiversity and the reconstruction of Early Jurassic flora from the Mecsek Mountains (southern Hungary). Acta Palaeobot., 51(2): 127-179.Google Scholar

  • BARBACKA M. & BODOR E. 2008. Systematic and palaeoenvironmental investigations of fossil ferns Cladophlebis and Todites from the Liassic of Hungary. Acta Palaeobot., 48(2): 133-149.Google Scholar

  • BARBACKA M., PÁLFY J. & SMITH P.L. 2006. Hettangian (Early Jurassic) plant fossils from Puale Bay (Peninsular terrane, Alaska). Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 142: 33-46.Google Scholar

  • BARBACKA M., ZIAJA J. & WCISŁO-LURANIEC E. 2010. Taxonomy and palaeoecology of the Early Jurassic macroflora from Odrowąż, central Poland. Acta Geol. Pol., 60(3): 373-392.Google Scholar

  • BARBACKA M., ZIAJA J., WCISŁO-LURANIEC E. & REYMANÓWNA M. 2007. Hirmeriella muensteri (Schenk) Jung from Odrowąż (Poland), with female and male cones, and in situ Classopolis pollen grains. Acta Palaeobot., 47(2): 339-357.Google Scholar

  • BARBACKA M., PACYNA G., FELDMAN-OLSZEWSKA A., ZIAJA J., BODOR E. 2014. Triassic-Jurassic flora of Poland; floristical support of climatic changes. Acta Geol. Pol., 64(3): 281-308.Google Scholar

  • BARTIROMO A. & BARONE LUMAGA M.R. 2009. Taxonomical revision of the collection of Jurassic plants from Roveré di Velo (Veneto, northern Italy) stored in the Palaeontological Museum of the University of Naples “Federico II”. Boll. Soc. Paleont. Ital., 48(1): 1-13.Google Scholar

  • BARTHEL K.W., SWINBURNE N.H.M. & CONWAY MORRIS S. 1990. Solnhofen: a study in Mesozoic palaeontology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar

  • BATEMAN R.M., MORTON N. & DOWER B.L. 2000. Early Middle Jurassic plant communities in Northwest Scotland: paleoecological and paleoclimatic significance. GeoResearch Forum, 6: 501-512.Google Scholar

  • BERNIER P., BARALE G., BOURSEAUA J-P., BUFFETAUT E., GAILLARD C., GALL J.-C. & WENZ S. 2014. The lithographic limestones of Cerin (southern Jura Mountains, France). A synthetic approach and environmental interpretation. Compt. Rend. Paleovol, 13(5): 383-402.Google Scholar

  • BRONGNIART A. 1828-1837. Histoire des végétaux fossils ou recherches botaniques et géologiques sur les végétaux renfermés dans les diverses couches du globe. Dufour et d’Ocagne (Vol. I), Crochard et Compagnie (Vol. II), Paris.Google Scholar

  • BRONGNIART A. 1849. Tableau des genres de végétaux fossils considérés sous le point de vue de leur classification botanique et de leur distribution géologique. Martinem, Paris.Google Scholar

  • BRUUN CHRISTENSEN O. 1995. Mid-Late Jurassic palaeoenvironments in the Northern North Sea, Norway as characterised by macroflora and fauna elements. Geobios, M.S., 18: 69-76. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Van der BURGH J. & Van KONIJNENBURG-van CITTERT J.H.A. 1984. A drifted flora from the Kimmeridgian (Upper Jurassic) of Lothbeg Point, Sutherland, Scotland. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 43: 359-396.Google Scholar

  • BUSH A.M. & BAMBACH R.K. 2004. Did Alpha diversity increase during the Phanerozoic? Lifting the veils of taphonomic, latitudinal and environmental biases. Jour. Geol., 112(6): 625-642.Google Scholar

  • CARPENTIER A. 1950. Les flores infraliasiques des Deux-Sevres et de la Vendée. Ann. Paleont., 35: 1-23.Google Scholar

  • CASCALES-MIÑANA B. 2010. Testing similarity coefficients for analysis of the fossil record using clustering methods: the Palaeozoic flora as a study case. Rev. Españ. Paleont., 25(1): 19-34.Google Scholar

  • CLEAL C.J. & REES P.M. 2003. The Middle Jurassic flora from Stonesfield, Oxfordshire, UK. Palaeontology, 46(4): 739-801.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • COIFFARD C., GOMEZ B., NEL A., KVAČEK J., NÉRAUDEAU D. & THÉVENARD F. 2008. Application of the Wagner’s Parsimony Method in fossil plant assemblages from the Cretaceous of Europe. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 148(1): 1-12.Google Scholar

  • COMASCHI CARIA I. 1959. Le piante fossili della Sardegna. Memorie VII. Riv. Ital. Paleont. Strat., 7: 1-176.Google Scholar

  • CORSIN P. 1950. Découverte de sediments rhetiens dans les Boulonnais. Etude préliminaire de leur faune et leur flore. Ann. Soc. Geol. Nord., 70: 243-268.Google Scholar

  • COSTAMAGNA L.G., BARCA S. & LECCA L. 2007. The Bajocian-Kimmeridgian Jurassic sedimentary cycle of eastern Sardinia: Stratigraphic, depositional and sequence interpretation of the new “Baunei Group”. Compt. Rend. Geoscience, 390: 601-612.Google Scholar

  • CSONTOS L. & VÖRÖS A. 2004. Mesozoic plate tectonic reconstruction of the Carpathian region. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimat. Palaeoecol., 210: 1-56.Google Scholar

  • DIENI I., FISHER J.C., MASSARI F., SALARD-CHEBOLDAEFF M. & VOZENIN-SERRA C. 1983. La succession de Genna Selole (Baunei) dans le cadre de la paléogéographie mésojurassique de la Sardaigne orientale. Mem. Sci. Geol. Padova, 36: 117-148.Google Scholar

  • DIETLS G. & SCHWEIGERT G. 2011. Im Reich der Meerengel - Der Nusplinger Plattenkalk und seine Fossilien. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, München.Google Scholar

  • DJORDJEVIĆ-MILUTINOVIĆ D. 2010. An overview of Paleozoic and Mesozoic sites with macroflora in Serbia. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus., 3: 27-46.Google Scholar

  • DOWER B.L., BATEMAN R.M. & STEVENSON D.W.M. 2004. Systematics, ontogeny, and phylogenetic implications of exceptional anatomically preserved cycadophyte leaves from the Middle Jurassic of Bearreraig Bay, Skye, Northwest Scotland. Bot. Rev., 70(2): 105-120.Google Scholar

  • EDWARDS W.N. 1929. The Jurassic flora of Sardinia. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 10: 385-394.Google Scholar

  • GEE C.T., MEYER C.A. & Van KONIJNENBURGvan CITTERT J.H.A. 2003. The first unequivocal sphenophytes from the Late Jurassic of northwestern Switzerland (late Oxfordian Vellerat Formation) - palaeobotany and implications for facies interpretation. Cour. Forsch.-Inst. Senckenberg, 241: 97-109.Google Scholar

  • GIVULESCU R. 1992. Une révision nomenclaturale et taxonomique de la flore du Lias de Vulcan-Codlea, Roumanie. Contribuii Botanice, Bucuresti.Google Scholar

  • GIVULESCU R. 1997. La flore du lias inférieur d’Anina (Roumanie). Natura Silvaniae, 1: 67-81.Google Scholar

  • GIVULESCU R. 1998. Flora fosilli a Jurasicului inferior de la Anina. Editura Academiei Romane, Bucuresti. GOTHAN W. 1914. Die unter-liassische (rhätische) Flora der Umgegend von Nürnberg. Abhand. Naturhistor. Gesell. Nürnberg, 19: 89-186.Google Scholar

  • GÖTZ A.E., RUCKWIED K. & BARBACKA M. 2011. Palaeoenvironment of the Late Triassic (Rhaetian) and Early Jurassic (Hettangian) Mecsek Coal Formation (south Hungary): implications from macro and microfloral assemblages. Palaeobiodiv. Palaeoenviron., 91: 75-88.Google Scholar

  • GRABOWSKA I., MARCINKIEWICZ T., ORŁOWSKAZWOLIŃSKA T. & ROGALSKA M. 1970. Flora jury dolnej i środkowej: 47-55. In: Budowa Geologiczna Polski. Tom II. Katalog Skamieniałości. Część 2. Mezozoik. Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa.Google Scholar

  • GRANDORI L. 1913a. Intorno alla flora dei calcari grigi studiata da Achille De Zigno. Nota preliminare. Accademia Veneto-Trentino-Istriana di Padova, 6: 143-148.Google Scholar

  • GRANDORI L. 1913b. La Flora dei Calcari Grigi del Veneto, Parte Prima. Revisione e completamento dell’opera “Flora Fossilis Formationis Ooliticae” del Barone A. De Zigno. Memorie dell’Istituto Geologico della Regia Università di Padova, 2: 1-112.Google Scholar

  • GREB S.F., DiMICHELE W.A. & GASTALDO R.A. 2006. Evolution and importance of wetlands in earth history. Geol. Soc. Am. Special Paper, 399: 1-40.Google Scholar

  • GREGOR H.J. & HAUPTMANN S. 1998. Geologie, Fazies und Fossilinhalt des Unteren Lias in der Sandgrube Dietz bei Pechgraben (Kulmbach, Oberfranken. Dokumenta Naturae, 117: 53-79.Google Scholar

  • HAAS J., KOVÁCS S., GAWLICK H-J., GRĂDINARU E., KARAMATA S., SUDAR M., PÉRÓ CS., MELLO J., POLÁK M., OGORELEC B. & BUSER S. 2011. Jurassic evolution of the tectonostratigraphic units of the Circum-Pannonian Region. Jahrb. Geol. Bundesanst., 151: 281-384.Google Scholar

  • HALLE T.G. 1908. Zur Kenntnis der Mesozoischen Equisetales Schwedens. Kungl. Svens. Vetenskap. Handl., 43(1): 1-38.Google Scholar

  • HAMMER O. & HARPER D.A.T. 2006. Paleontological Data Analysis. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.Google Scholar

  • HAMMER Ř., HARPER D.A.T. & RYAN P.D. 2001. PAST: Paleontological Statistics Software Packagefor Education and Data Analysis. Palaeont. Electronica, 4(1): 1-9.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. 1926. The Rhaetic flora of Scoresby Sound, East Greenland. Medd. Grønland, 68: 45-148.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. 1931. The Fossil Flora of Scoresby Sound East Greenland, 1: Cryptogams (exclusive of Lycopodiales). Medd. Grønland, 85(2): 1-102.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. 1932a. The fossil flora of Scoresby Sound East Greenland, 2: Description of seed plants incertae sedis together with a discussion of certain Cycadophyte cuticles. Medd. Grønland, 85: 1-114.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. 1932b. The Fossil Flora of Scoresby Sound East Greenland, Part 3: Caytoniales and Bennettitales. Medd. Grønland, 85(5): 1-133.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. 1935. The fossil flora of Scoresby Sound East Greenland. Part 4: Ginkgoales, Coniferales, Lycopodiales and isolated fructifications. Medd. Grønland, 112(1): 1-176.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. 1937. The fossil flora of Scoresby Sound East Greenland. Part 5: Stratigraphic relations of the plant bed. Medd. Grønland, 112(2): 1-114.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. 1946. Liassic and Rhaetic plants collected in 1936-38 from East Greenland. Medd. Grønland, 114(9): 1-39.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. 1953. The geology of the Yorkshire Jurassic flora. Proc. Yorkshire Geol. Soc., 29(4): 63-71.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. 1961. The Yorkhire Jurassic Flora. I: Thallophyta - Pteridophyta. Trustees of the British Museum, London.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. 1964. The Yorkshire Jurassic Flora. II: Caytoniales, Cycadales & Pteridosperms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. 1969. The Yorkshire Jurassic Flora. III. Bennettitales. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. 1979. The Yorkshire Jurassic Flora. V: Coniferales. Trustees of the British Museum, London.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. & MILLER J. 1974. The Yorkshire Jurassic flora IV. Czekanowskiales. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. & MILLINGTON W. 1974. The Yorkshire Jurassic flora IV. Ginkgoales. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.Google Scholar

  • HATVANI I.G., KOVÁCS J., SZÉKELY I., KOVÁCSNÉ JAKUSCH P. & KORPONAI J. 2011. Analysis of long term water quality changes in the Kis-Balaton Water Protection System with time series, cluster analysis and Wilks’ lambda distribution. Ecological Engineering, 37: 629-635.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • HERMAN A.B. & SPICER R.A. 1997. New quantitative palaeoclimate data for the Late Cretaceous Arctic: evidence for a warm polar ocean. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimat. Palaeoecol., 128: 227-251.Google Scholar

  • HESSELBO S.P., MORGANS-BELL H.S., McELWAIN J.C., REES P. M., ROBINSON S.A. & ROSS C.E. 2003. Carbon-cycle perturbation in the Middle Jurassic and accompanying changes in the terrestrial paleoenvironment. Jour. Geol., 111: 259-276.Google Scholar

  • HOLLAND S.M. 2008. Non-metric multidimensiaonal scaling (MDS). R Development Core Team.Google Scholar

  • HILL C.R., MOORE D.T, GREENSMITH J.T. & WILLIAMS R. 1985. Palaeobotany and petrology of a Middle Jurassic ironstone bed at Wrack Hills, North Yorkshire. Proc. Yorkshire Geol. Soc., 45 (1985): 277-292.Google Scholar

  • JANK M., MEYER C.A. & WETZEL A. 2006. Late Oxfordian to Late Kimmeridgian carbonate deposits of NW Switzerland (Swiss Jura): stratigraphical and palaeogeographical implications in the transition area between the Paris Basin and the Tethys. Sediment. Geol., 186: 237-263. Google Scholar

  • JARZYNKA A. 2012 (unpubl.) The middle Jurassic flora of the Grojec clays - taxonomy and palaeoecology. PhD Theses. Archives W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków (in Polish).Google Scholar

  • JASPER K., HARTKOPF-FRODER C., FLAJS G. & LITTKE R. 2010. Palaeoecological evolution of Duckmantian wetlands in the Ruhr Basin (western Germany): A palynological and coal petrographical analysis. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 162: 123-145.Google Scholar

  • JUNG W. 1974. Die Konifere Brachyphyllum nepos Saporta aus den Solnhofener Plattenkalken (unteres Untertithon), ein Halophyt. Mitt. Bayer. Staatssamml. Paläont. hist. Geol. 14: 49-58.Google Scholar

  • KARASZEWSKI W. 1965. On Middle Liassic age of the flora from Chmielów, near Ostrowiec (Middle Poland) and its significance for the stratigraphy of continental Jurassic. Kwart. Geol., 9(2): 261-270.Google Scholar

  • KIRCHNER M. 1992. Untersuchungen an einigen Gymnospermen der Fränkischen Rhät-Lias-Grenzschichten. Palaeontographica, B, 224(1-3): 17-61.Google Scholar

  • KNOBLOCH E. & MAI D.H. 1986. Monographie der Früchte und Samen in der Kreide von Mitteleuropa. Ústřední Ústav Geologický v Akademii, Československé Akademie, Praha. Google Scholar

  • Van KONIJNENBURG-van CITTERT J.H.A. 2008. The Jurassic fossil plant record of the UK area. Proc. Geol. Ass., 119: 59-72.Google Scholar

  • Van KONIJNENBURG-van CITTERT J.H.A. & van der BURGH J. 1989. The flora from the Kimmeridgian (Upper Jurassic) of Culgower, Sutherland, Scotland. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 61: 1-51.Google Scholar

  • Van KONIJNENBURG-van CITTERT J.H.A. & van der BURGH J. 1996. Review of the Kimmeridgian flora of Sutherland, Scotland, with reference to the ecology and in situ pollen and spores. Proc. Geol. Assoc., 107: 97-105.Google Scholar

  • Van KONIJNENBURG-van CITTERT J.H.A. & MEYER C.A. 1996. Plant remains from the Vellerat Formation (Oxfordian) of the Swiss Jura mountains. Eclogae geol. Helv., 89(3): 1117-1136.Google Scholar

  • Van KONIJNENBURG-van CITTERT J.H.A. & MORGANS H.S. 1999. The Jurassic flora of Yorkshire. Palaeontological Association Field Guides to fossils 8. Palaeontological Association, London.Google Scholar

  • KOSTINA E.I. & HERMAN A.B. 2013. The Middle Jurassic flora of South Mongolia: composition, age and phytogeographic position. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 193: 82-98.Google Scholar

  • KOVÁCS J.P., TANOS J., KORPONAI I., KOVÁCSNÉ SZÉKELY K., GONDÁR K., GONDÁR-SŐREGI I. & HATVANI G. 2012. Analysis of Water Quality Data for Scientists: 65-94. In: Voudouris K. & Voutsaeds D. (eds), Water Quality Monitoring and Assessment Rijeka. InTech Open Access Publisher, Budapest.Google Scholar

  • KRASSER F. 1912. Williamsonia in Sardinien. Sitzungsber. Akad. Wissenschaf. Wien, 121: 943-973.Google Scholar

  • KRASSER F. 1913. Die fossile Flora der Williamsonien Bergenden Juraschichten von Sardinien Anzeiger. Akad. Anz., 4: 31-36.Google Scholar

  • KRASSER F. 1915. Männliche Williamsonien aus dem Sandsteinschiefer des unteren Lias von Steierdorf im Banat. Denkschrift. Kaiser. Akad. Wissenschaft. Wien, Mathemat. Naturwissenschaft. Klasse, 93: 1-14.Google Scholar

  • KRASSER F. 1920. Doggerflora von Sardinien. Sitzungsber. Akad. Wissenschaft. Wien, 129: 1-26.Google Scholar

  • KRÄUSEL R. 1943. Furcifolium longifolium Seward n. comb., eine Ginkgophyte aus dem Solnhofener Jura. Senckenbergiana, 26(5): 426-433.Google Scholar

  • KRÄUSEL R. 1958. Die Juraflora von Sassendorf bei Bamberg. I. Sporenpflanzen. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 39: 67-103.Google Scholar

  • KUHN O. 1961. Die Tier- und Pflanzenwelt des Solnhofener Schiefers Mit vollständigem Arten- und Schriftenverzeichnis. Geologica Bavarica 48: 1-68. Google Scholar

  • KUSTATSCHER E., Van KONIJNENBURG-van CITTERT J.H.A. & ROGHI G. 2010. Macrofloras and palynomorphs as possible proxies for palaeoclimatic and palaeoecological studies: A case study from the Pelsonian (Middle Triassic) of Kuhwiesenkopf/ Monte Pra della Vacca (Olang Dolomites, N-Italy). Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimat. Palaeoecol., 290: 71-80.Google Scholar

  • LEMOIGNE Y. 1968. Paléoflore à Cupressales dans le Trias Rhetien du Cotentin. Compt. Rend. Ac. Sci., 264: 715-718.Google Scholar

  • LISZKOWSKI J. 1972. Pierwsze górnojurajskie stanowisko paleoflorystyczne w Polsce. Przegl. Geol., 8-9: 388-393.Google Scholar

  • LUNDBLAD A.B. 1950. Studies in the Rhaeto-Liassic floras of Sweden. I. Pteridophyta, Pteridospermae and Cycadophyta from the mining district of NW Scania. Kungl. Svens. Vetenskapsakad. Handl., Fjärde serien, 1(8): 1-82.Google Scholar

  • MAKAREWICZÓWNA A. 1928. Etude sur la flore fossile du lias inférieur des environs d’Ostrowiec. Travaux de la Société des Science et des Letters de Wilno, Travaux de L’Institut de Géologie de l’Université de Wilno, 4(3): 1-49.Google Scholar

  • MANUM S.B., BOSE M.N. & VIGRAN J.O. 1991. The Jurassic flora of Andoya, northern Norway. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 68: 233-256.Google Scholar

  • McELWAIN J.C., POPA M.E., HESSELBO S.P., HAWORTH D.M. & SURLYK F. 2007. Macroecological responses of terrestrial vegetation to climatic and atmospheric change across the Triassic/ Jurassic boundary in East Greenland. Paleobiology, 33: 547-573.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • MORTON N. 1965. The Bearreraig Sandstone Series (Middle Jurassic) of Skye and Raasay. Scot. Jour. Geol., 1(2): 189-216.Google Scholar

  • NAGY I.Z. 1961. Liassic remains of the Mecsek Mountains. Ann. Inst. Geol. Publ. Hung., 49(2): 609-613.Google Scholar

  • NATHORST A. 1876. Bidrag till Sveriges fossila flora. Kungl. Svens. Vetenskapsakad. Handl., 14(3): 1-82. NATHORST A. 1878a. Beitrage zur fossilen Flora Schwedens. Über winige fossile Pflanzen von Palsjö in Schonen. Stuttgart.Google Scholar

  • NATHORST A. 1878b. Om floran i Skanes Kolförande Bildingar. I. Floran vid Bjuf. P.A. Norstedt & Söner, Stockholm.Google Scholar

  • NATHORST A. 1878c. Om floran i Skanes Kolförande Bildingar. II. Floran vid Höganäs och Helsingborg. P.A. Norstedt & Söner, Stockholm.Google Scholar

  • PACYNA G. 2013. Critical review of research on the Lower Jurassic flora of Poland. Acta Palaeobot., 53(2): 141-163. DOI: 10.2478/acpa-2013-0015.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • PACYNA G. & ZDEBSKA D. 2011. Nowe dane o rodzaju Ixostrobus Raciborski 1892 (nagozalążkowe, Czekanowskiales?) z dolnej jury Gromadzic (Góry Świętokrzyskie): 33-39. In: Matyja B.A., Wierzbowski A. & Ziółkowski P. (eds), Jurassica IX, Materiały konferencyjne, Artykuły, Małogoszcz, 06-08.09.2011. Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne, Polska Grupa Robocza Systemu Jurajskiego.Google Scholar

  • PHILIPPE M., THÉVENARD F., BARALE G., GUIGNARD G. & FERRY S. 1998. Causses (SE France) Middle Bathonian Flora and phytocoenosis of France at that time. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimat., Palaeoecol., 143(1-3): 135-158.Google Scholar

  • PIEŃKOWSKI G. 2004. The epicontinental Lower Jurassic of Poland. Pol. Geol. Inst. special Papers, 12: 1-122.Google Scholar

  • PIEŃKOWSKI G., SCHUDACK M.E., BOSAK P., ENAY R., FELDMAN-OLSZEWSKA A., GOLONKA J., GUTOWSKI J., HERNGREEN G.F.W., JORDAN P., KROBICKI M., LATHUILIERE B., LEINFELDER R.R., MICHALIK J., MONNING E., NOE-NYGAARDN., PALFY J., PINT A., RASSER W., REISDORF A.G., SCHMID D.U., SCHWEIGERTG., SURLYK F., WETZEL A. & WONG T.E. 2008. Jurassic: 823-922. In: McCann T. (ed.), The Geology of Central Europe, vol 2. Geol. Soc., London.Google Scholar

  • PODANI J. & MIKLÓS I. 2002. Resemblance coefficients and the horseshoe effect in principal coordinates analysis. Ecology, 83: 3331-3343.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • POPA M.E. 1997a. Liassic ferns from the Steierdorf Formation, Anina, Romania. In: Herngreen G.F.W. (ed.), Proceedings 4th European Palaeobotanical and Palynological Conference. Meded. Nederl. Inst. Toegep. Geowetens. TNO, 58: 139-148.Google Scholar

  • POPA M.E. 1997b. Corystospermal pteridosperms in the Liassic continental deposits of Romania. Acta Palaeont. Rom., 81-87.Google Scholar

  • POPA M.E. 1998. The Liassic continental flora of Romania: Systematics, Stratigraphy and Paleoecology. Acta Bot. Horti Bucurestensis 1997-1998, 177-184.Google Scholar

  • POPA M.E. 2000a (unpubl.). Early Jurassic land flora of the Getic Nappe. PhD Thesis, Archives of the University of Bucharest.Google Scholar

  • POPA M.E. 2000b. Aspects of Romanian Early Jurassic palaeobotany and palynology. Part III. Phytostratigraphy of the Getic Nappe. Acta Palaeont. Rom., 2: 377-386.Google Scholar

  • POPA M.E. 2009. Late Palaeozoic and Early Mesozoic continental formations of the Reşiţa Basin. Editura Universitii din Bucuresti, Bucharest.Google Scholar

  • POPA M.E. & Van KONIJNENBURG-van CITTERT J.H.A. 2006. Aspects of Romanian Early-Middle Jurassic palaeobotany and palynology. Part VII. Successions and floras. Progr. Nat. Sci., 16: 203-212.Google Scholar

  • POTT C. & McLOUGHLIN S. 2009. Bennettitalean foliage in the Rhaetian - Bajocian (latest Triassic - Middle Jurassic) floras of Scania, southern Sweden. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 158: 117-166.Google Scholar

  • PÜSPÖKI Z., FORGÁCS Z., KOVÁCS ZS., KOVÁCS E., SOÓS-KABLÁR J., JÄGER L., PUSZTAFALVI J., KOVÁCS Z., DEMETER G., MCINTOSH R.W., BUDAY T., KOZÁK M., and VERBŐCI J. 2012. Stratigraphy and deformation history of the Jurassic coal bearing series in the Eastern Mecsek (Hungary) - Int. Journ. of Coal Geology 102(2012): 35-51.Google Scholar

  • RABINOWITZ G.B. 1975. An introduction to Nonmetric Multidimensional Scaling. Amer. Jour. Political Sci., 19: 343-390.Google Scholar

  • RACIBORSKI M. 1889. O obecnym stanie mych badań flory kopalnej ogniotrwałych glinek krakowskich. Spraw. Kom. Fizjogr., 23: 129-140.Google Scholar

  • RACIBORSKI M. 1891a. Flora retycka północnego stoku Gór Świętokrzyskich. Rozpr. Wydz. Mat.- Przyr. Akad. Umiej., 23: 292-326.Google Scholar

  • RACIBORSKI M. 1891b. Ueber die rhätische Flora am Nordabhange des polnischen Mittelgebirges. Anz. Akad. Wissenschaften Krakau, Februar 1891: 64-68.Google Scholar

  • RACIBORSKI M. 1892a. Przyczynek do flory retyckiej Polski. Rozpr. Wydz. Mat.-Przyr. Akad. Umiej., 22: 345-360.Google Scholar

  • RACIBORSKI M. 1892b. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der rhaetischen Flora Polens. Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Krakau, December 1891: 375-379.Google Scholar

  • RACIBORSKI M. 1894. Flora kopalna ogniotrwałych glinek krakowskich. Część I. Rodniowce (Archaegoniatae). Pam. Mat.-Przyr. Akad. Umiej., 18: 1-101.Google Scholar

  • R DEVELOPMENTCORE TEAM 2011. R: A language and environment for statistical computing and graphics. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. Available from: http://www.Rproject.org/. Accessed September 2014.Google Scholar

  • REES P.M., ZIEGLER A.M. & VALDES. P.J. 2000. Jurassic phytogeography and climates: new data and model comparisons: 297-318. In: Huber B.T., Macleod K.G. & Wing S.L. (eds), Warm climates in earth history. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar

  • REYMANÓWNA M. 1963. The Jurassic flora from Grojec near Cracow in Poland. Part I. Acta Palaeobot., 4(2): 9-48. REYMANÓWNA M. 1973. The Jurassic flora from Grojec near Kraków in Poland. Part II. Caytoniales and anatomy of Caytonia. Acta Palaeobot., 14(2): 45-87.Google Scholar

  • REYMANÓWNA M. 1985. Mirovia szaferi gen. et sp. nov. (Ginkgoales) from the Jurassic of the Kraków region, Poland. Acta Palaeobot., 25(1, 2): 3-12.Google Scholar

  • REYMANÓWNA M. 1992. Two conifers from the Liassic flora from Odrowąż in Poland: 33. Pan-European Palaeobotanical Conference 1991 Palaeovegetational development of Europe, Abstract Volume, Natural History Museum Vienna, Austrian Commision for UNESCO under the auspices of IOP, Vienna.Google Scholar

  • REYMANÓWNA M., WCISŁO-LURANIEC E. & ICHAS- -ZIAJA J. 1987. The Liassic flora of the Holy Cross Mts: 46-54. 14 International Botanical Congress Berlin, Guide to excursion no. 24, From the Jurassic to the Holocene: the palaeoflora and palaeoecology of W and S Poland.Google Scholar

  • RÖPER M. & ROTHGAENGER M. 1997. Zur Altersdatierung und Paläoökologie der Oberjura-Plattenkalke von Brunn/Oberpfalz (Oberes Kimmeridgium/ Oberpfalz). Acta Albertina Ratisbonensia, 50(2): 77-122.Google Scholar

  • SALARD-CHEBOLDAEFF M. & VOZENIN-SERRA C. 1984. Palynoflore et taphoflore jurassiques de Sardaigne centre-orientale. Rev. Paléobiol., Vol. spécial, 1(1): 193-197.Google Scholar

  • SAMSONOWICZ J. 1929. Cechsztyn, trias i lias na północnym zboczu Łysogór (summary: Les Zechstein, le Trias et le Liasique sur le versant nord du Massif de S-te Croix). Spraw. Pol. Inst. Geol., 5(1-2): 1-281.Google Scholar

  • SAPORTA G. 1873-1891. Paléontologie française (Plantes Jurassiques). Ser. 2, vol. I-IV. G. Masson, Paris.Google Scholar

  • SCANU G.G., KUSTATSCHER E. & PITTAU P. 2012. The Jurassic plant fossils of the Lovisato Collection: preliminary notes. Boll. Soc. Paleontol. Ital., 51(2): 71-84.Google Scholar

  • SCANU G.G., KUSTATSCHER E. & PITTAU P. 2014. The Jurassic Flora of Sardinia - a new piece in the palaeobiogeography puzzle of the Middle Jurassic. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., in press.Google Scholar

  • SCHENK A. 1867. Die fossile Flora der Grenzschichten des Keupers und Lias Frankens. C. W. Kreidel‘s Verlag, Wiesbaden.Google Scholar

  • SCHIMPER W. 1869. Traité de Paléontologie Végétale ou la Flore du Monde Primitif dans ses Rapports avec les Formations Géologiques et la Flore du Monde Actuel, vol.1. J.B. Bailliére et Fils, Paris.Google Scholar

  • SEMAKA A. 1962a. Flora Liasic de la Anina (Banat). Anuarul Comitetului Geologic, 32: 527-569.Google Scholar

  • SEMAKA A. 1962b. Flora Liasic de la Doman (Banat). Dri de Seamale edinelor Comitetului Geologic, 43: 125-242.Google Scholar

  • SEMAKA A. 1965. Zur kenntnis der Nilssonia orientalis- Flora in den Südkarpathen. Acta Palaeobot., 6(2): 27-39.Google Scholar

  • SEMAKA A. 1970. Geologisch-Paleobotanische Untersuchungen in S.O. Banaten Danubikum. Memorii, 11: 1-79.Google Scholar

  • SEWARD A.C. 1900. The Jurassic flora I. The Yorkshire coast. Catalogue of the Mesozoic Plants in the Department of Geology, British Museum (Natural History) 3: 1-341.Google Scholar

  • SEWARD A.C. 1911. The Jurassic flora of Sutherland. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinb., 47(23): 643-709.Google Scholar

  • SPICER R.A. & HILL C.R. 1979. Principal components and correspondence analyses of quantitative data from a Jurassic plant bed. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 28: 273-297.Google Scholar

  • STEINTHORSDOTTIR M., BACON K.L., POPA M.E., BOCHNER L. & MCELWAIN J.C. 2011. Bennettitalean leaf cuticle fragments (here Anomozamites and Pterophyllum) can be used interchangeably in stomatal frequency-based palaeo-CO2 reconstructions. Palaeontology, 54: 867-882.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • THÉVENARD F. & BARBACKA M. 2000. Two leaf morphotypes of the Pagiophyllum peregrinum (Lindley et Hutton) Schenk emend Kendall from the Mecsek Mountains, Hungary. Acta Palaeobot., Suppl. 2: 219-231.Google Scholar

  • THÉVENARD F., PHILIPPE M. & BARALE G. 1995. Le delta hettangien de La Grandville (Ardennes, France): étude paléobotanique et paléoécologique. Géobios, 28(2): 145-162.Google Scholar

  • TORNQUIST A. 1904. Beitrage zur Geologie der Westlichen Mittelmeerland. In: Die Pflanzen des Mittelsjurassischen Sandsteines Ostsardinien. Neu. Jahrb. Mineral., Geol. Paläontol., 20: 149-158.Google Scholar

  • VAKHRAMEEV V.A. 1970. Pattern of distribution and Palaeoecology of Mesozoic conifers Cheirolepidiaceae. Paleontol. Journ., 1(1970): 19-34.Google Scholar

  • VAKHRAMEEV V.A. 1991. Jurassic and Cretaceous floras and climates of the Earth. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar

  • WANG Y., MOSBRUGGER V. & ZHANG H. 2005. Early to Middle Jurassic vegetation and climatic events in the Qaidam Basin, Northwest China. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimat. Palaeoecol., 224(1-3): 200-216.Google Scholar

  • WCISŁO-LURANIEC E. 1985. New details of leaf structure in Bilsdalea dura Harris (Coniferae) from the Jurassic of Kraków, Poland. Acta Palaeobot., 25(1,2): 13-20.Google Scholar

  • WCISŁO-LURANIEC E. 1989. Pseudotorellia tenuis sp. nov. (Ginkgoales) from the Jurassic of the Kraków region. Acta Palaeobot., 29(1): 207-211.Google Scholar

  • WCISŁO-LURANIEC E. 1991. The Lower Liassic flora from Odrowąż in Poland and its ecosystem. Fifth Symposium on Mesozoic Terrestrial Ecosystems and Biota. Extended Abstracts. Contributions from the Paleontological Museum University of Oslo, 364: 69-70.Google Scholar

  • WCISŁO-LURANIEC E. 1992. Flora from Odrowąż in Poland - a typical Lower Liassic European flora: 331-335. In: J. Kovar-Eder (ed.), Palaeovegetational development in Europe and regions relevant to its palaeofloristic evolution. Proc. Pan. Eur. Palaeobot. Conf. Vienna, 19-23 Sept. 1991.Google Scholar

  • WCISŁO-LURANIEC E. 2001. Porównanie liasowej flory z Odrowąża (Sołtyków) z innymi florami europejskimi tego samego wieku: 32. Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne. Państwowy Instytut Geologiczny. Polska Grupa Robocza Systemu Jurajskiego - Jurassica II Spotkanie, 27-29.09.2001. Starachowice.Google Scholar

  • WCISŁO-LURANIEC E. & BARBACKA M. 2000. Ixostrobus grenlandicus Harris from Hungarian Liassic with reference to revision of the genus Ixostrobus from Poland. Acta Palaeobot., 40(1): 35-38.Google Scholar

  • WEBER R. 1968. Die fossile Flora der Rhät-LiasÜbergangsschichten von Bayreuth (Oberfranken) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Coenologie. Erlanger Geol. Abhandl., 72: 1-73.Google Scholar

  • WELLNHOFER P. 2008. Archaeopteryx. Der Urvogel von Solnhofen. Verlag Dr. Friderich Pfeil. München.Google Scholar

  • WESLEY A. 1956. Contribution to the knowledge of the flora of the Grey Limestone of Veneto, I. Memorie Università Padova, 19: 1-69.Google Scholar

  • WESLEY A. 1958. Contribution to the knowledge of the flora of the Grey Limestone of Veneto, II. Memorie Università Padova, 21: 1-57.Google Scholar

  • WESLEY A. 1966. The fossil flora of the grey limestones of Veneto, Northern Italy and its relationships to the other European floras of similar age. Palaeobotanist, 14(1-3): 124-130.Google Scholar

  • WESLEY A. 1974. On the bennettitalean remains from the Lias of northern Italy: 66-71. In: Bose M.N. (ed.), Symposium on morphological and stratigraphical palaeobotany. Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, Lucknow, Special Publication 2.Google Scholar

  • De ZIGNO A. 1856-68. Flora Fossilis Formationis Oolithicae. Le piante fossili dell’Oolite. Vol. 1. Tipografia del seminario, Padova.Google Scholar

  • De ZIGNO A. 1873-85. Flora Fossilis Formationis Oolithicae. Le piante fossili dell’Oolite. Vol. 2. Tipografia del seminario, Padova Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2014-09-15

Revised: 2014-11-05

Published Online: 2014-12-20

Published in Print: 2014-12-01


Citation Information: Acta Palaeobotanica, ISSN (Online) 2082-0259, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/acpa-2014-0011.

Export Citation

© by Maria Barbacka. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Maria Barbacka, Grzegorz Pacyna, Ádam T. Kocsis, Agata Jarzynka, Jadwiga Ziaja, and Emese Bodor
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 2017, Volume 480, Page 80
[2]
Christian Pott, Stefan Schmeißner, Günter Dütsch, and Johanna H.A. Van Konijnenburg-van Cittert
Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 2016, Volume 232, Page 98
[3]
Maria Barbacka, Zoltán Püspöki, Emese Bodor, Zoltán Forgács, Mária Hámor-Vidó, Grzegorz Pacyna, and Richard William McIntosh
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 2015, Volume 440, Page 579

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in