Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Acta Palaeobotanica

The Journal of W. Szafer Institute of Botany of Polish Academy of Sciences

2 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 1.17

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.524
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.513

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2082-0259
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Megaflora of the Australian Triassic–Jurassic: a taxonomic revision

Gary A. Pattemore
Published Online: 2016-12-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/acpa-2016-0008

Abstract

Umkomasiaceans are the most commonly recorded components of Gondwanan Triassic floras but they are not represented subsequently in that region. Their diversity appears to have substantially declined prior to the Rhaetian. Lower and Middle Jurassic floras in Australia and elsewhere in Gondwana are strikingly different from those of the Triassic, comprising ferns, lycopods, conifers, cycads, and bennettitaleans. The fern Cladophlebis Brongniart 1849 emend. Seward 1894 dominated coal-forming paludal environments during the Middle Jurassic in Queensland and it is one of the most commonly preserved plants in the Eastern Gondwanan Jurassic. Ginkgoaleans were present in Eastern Gondwana until near the end-Triassic but were absent below ca 60°S palaeolatitude during the Early and Middle Jurassic.

The type specimen of Dicroidium superbum (Shirley 1898) Townrow 1957 emend. nov. has been inaccurately represented in the published record. Consequently, many specimens belonging to the species have been incorrectly assigned to other umkomasiacean species. Misidentifications and considerably enlarged circumscriptions of some species have resulted in an erroneous and simplistic morpho-continuum concept supposedly linking umkomasiacean fronds. Several commonly occurring umkomasiacean species are re-assessed with particular attention to their type specimens, two of which are accurately figured here for the first time. This re-assessment, together with evidence from allied fructifications and wood, supports the view that umkomasiacean fronds belong to several genera. Most umkomasiacean lineages probably terminated prior to the Rhaetian; however, Zuberia Frenguelli 1943 emend. Artabe 1990 persisted to near the close of the Triassic.

Keywords: pteridosperms; Beaniaceae; Ginkgoaceae; Isoetaceae; Osmundaceae; Umkomasiaceae; Triassic; Jurassic; Gondwana

References

  • ALBERSHEIM P., DARVILL A., ROBERTS K., SEDEROFF R. & STAEHELIN A. 2010. Plant cell walls: from chemistry to biology. Taylor & Francis Group, New York.Google Scholar

  • ANDERSON H.M. & ANDERSON J.M. 2008. Molteno ferns: Late Triassic biodiversity in southern Africa. Strelitzia, 21: i-vii, 1-259.Google Scholar

  • ANDERSON H.M., HOLMES W.B.K. & FITNESS L.A. 2008. Stems with attached Dicroidium leaves from the Ipswich Coal Measures, Queensland, Australia. Mem. Qd Mus., 52(2): 1-12.Google Scholar

  • ANDERSON J.M. & ANDERSON H.M. 1970. A preliminary review of the biostratigraphy of the uppermost Permian, Triassic and lowermost Jurassic of Gondwanaland. Palaeontol. Afr., 13 (suppl.): 1-22, charts 1-22.Google Scholar

  • ANDERSON J.M. & ANDERSON H.M. 1983. Palaeoflora of Southern Africa: Molteno Formation (Triassic): Vol. 1: Part 1 Introduction. Part 2 Dicroidium. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.Google Scholar

  • ANDERSON J.M. & ANDERSON H.M. 1989. Palaeoflora of Southern Africa: Molteno Formation (Triassic): Vol. 2: Gymnosperms (excluding Dicroidium). A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.Google Scholar

  • ANDERSON J.M. & ANDERSON H.M. 2003. Heyday of the gymnosperms: systematics and diversity of the Late Triassic Molteno fructifications. Strelitzia, 15: i-viii, 1-398.Google Scholar

  • ANDREWS S.B. 1990. Ferns of Queensland: a handbook to the ferns and fern allies. Queensland Herbarium, Brisbane.Google Scholar

  • ANTEVS E. 1914. Die Gattungen Thinnfeldia Ett. und Dicroidium. Kungl. Svenska Vetenskaps Akad. Handl., 51: 1-71.Google Scholar

  • ARBER E.A.N. 1917. The earlier Mesozoic floras of New Zealand. Bull. N.Z. Geol. Surv., Palaeontol., 6: 2-78.Google Scholar

  • ARCHANGELSKY S. 1965. Fossil ginkgoales from the Tico flora, Santa Cruz Province, Argentina. Bull. Brit. Mus. (Natural History), Geology, 10: 119-137.Google Scholar

  • ARCHANGELSKY S. 1968. Studies on Triassic fossil plants from Argentina. IV. The leaf genus Dicroidium and its possible relation to Rhexoxylon stems. Palaeontology, 11: 500-512.Google Scholar

  • ARTABE A.E. 1990. Revalidación del genero triasico Zuberia Frenguelli 1943, Familia Corystospermaceae. Rev. Mus. La Plata n.s., Paleontol., 9(55): 145-157.Google Scholar

  • ARTABE A.E., MOREL E.M., GANUZA D.G., ZAVATTIERI A.M. & SPALLETTI L.A. 2007. La paleoflora triásica de Potrerillos, Provincia de Mendoza, Argentina. Ameghiniana, 44: 279-301.Google Scholar

  • AUGIER A. 1801. Essai d’une nouvelle classification des végétaux. Bruyset Ainé et Comp., Lyon.Google Scholar

  • AXSMITH B.J., TAYLOR E.L., TAYLOR T.N. & CÚNEO N.R. 2000. New perspectives on the Mesozoic seed fern order Corystospermales based on attached organs from the Triassic of Antarctica. Amer. J. Bot., 87: 757-768.Google Scholar

  • BACHAN A., SCHOOTBRUGGE B., FIEBIG J., McROBERTS C.A., CIARAPICA G. & PAYNE J.L. 2012. Carbon cycle dynamics following the end- Triassic mass extinction: constraints from paired δ13Ccarb and δ13Corg records. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 13(9): 1-24.Google Scholar

  • BALDONI A.M. 1980. Revision de las especies del género Xylopteris (Corystospermaceae) en el triásico de Argentina, Australia y Sudafrica. Ameghiniana, 17: 135-155.Google Scholar

  • BALME B.E. 1995. Fossil in situ spores and pollen grains: an annotated catalogue. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 87: 81-323.Google Scholar

  • BARALE G., PHILIPPE M., TORRES T. & COVACEVICH V. 1994. Triassic floras from Williams Point, Livingston Island (South Shetland, northern Antarctica). Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Ser. 2. Sciences de la terre et des planètes, 319: 141-147.Google Scholar

  • BARANOVA M.A. 1987. Historical development of the present classification of morphological types of stomates. Bot. Rev., 53: 53-79.Google Scholar

  • BARBACKA M., BODOR E., JARZYNKA A., KUSTATSCHER E., PACYNA G., POPA M.E., SCANU G.G., THÉVENARD F. & ZIAJA, J. 2014. European Jurassic floras: statistics and palaeoenvironmental proxies. Acta Palaeobot., 54(2): 173-195, suppl. data. DOI: 10.2478/acpa-2014-0011CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • BARBONI R. & DUTRA T.L. 2015. First record of ginkgo-related fertile organs (Hamshawvia, Stachyopitys) and leaves (Baiera, Sphenobaiera) in the Triassic of Brazil, Santa Maria Formation. J. S. Amer. Earth Sci., 63: 417-435, suppl. data.Google Scholar

  • BARCLAY R., McELWAIN J., DILCHER D. & SAGEMAN B. 2007. The cuticle database: developing an interactive tool for taxonomic and paleoenvironmental study of the fossil cuticle record. Cour. Forsch.-Inst. Senckenberg, 258: 39-55.Google Scholar

  • BARGEL H., BARTHLOTT W., KOCH K., SCHREIBER L. & NEINHUIS C. 2004. Plant cuticles: multifunctional interfaces between plant and environment: 171-194. In: Hemsley A.R. & Poole I. (eds), The evolution of plant physiology. Linnean Society Symposium Series, 21.Google Scholar

  • BARTOLINI A., GUEX J., SPANGENBERG J.E., SCHOENE B., TAYLOR D.G., SCHALTEGGER U. & ATUDOREI V. 2012. Disentangling the Hettangian carbon isotope record: implications for the aftermath of the end-Triassic mass extinction. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 13: 1-11.Google Scholar

  • BAUER K., KUSTATSCHER E. & KRINGS M. 2013. The ginkgophytes from the German Kupferschiefer (Permian), with considerations on the taxonomic history and use of Baiera and Sphenobaiera. Bull. Geosciences, 88: 539-556.Google Scholar

  • BELL S., HARRINGTON H.J. & McKELLAR I.C. 1956. Lower Mesozoic plant fossils from Black Jacks, Waitaki River, South Canterbury. Trans. R. Soc. N.Z., 83: 663-672.Google Scholar

  • BERCHTOLD F.G. & PRESL J.S. 1820. O přirozenosti rostlin. K.W. Endersa, Prague.Google Scholar

  • BIRKENMAJER K. & OCIEPA A.M. 2008. Plantbearing Jurassic strata at Hope Bay, Antarctic Peninsula (West Antarctica): geology and fossilplant description. Stud. Geol. Polonica, 128: 5-96.Google Scholar

  • BOMFLEUR B. & KERP H. 2010. Dicroidium diversity in the Upper Triassic of north Victoria Land, East Antarctica. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 160: 67-101. DOI: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2010.02.006CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • BOMFLEUR B., POTT C. & KERP H. 2011a. Plant assemblages from the Shafer Peak Formation (Lower Jurassic), North Victoria Land, Transantarctic Mountains. Antarct. Sci., 23(2): 188-208. DOI: 10.1017/S0954102010000866CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • BOMFLEUR B., SCHNEIDER J.W., SCHÖNER R., VIERECK-GÖTTE L. & KERP H. 2007. Exceptionally well-preserved Triassic and Early Jurassic floras from North Victoria Land, Antarctica: 1-4. In: Cooper A.K. & Raymond C.R. (eds), Antarctica: a keystone in a changing world. Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences, U.S. Geol. Surv., OF-2007-1047, extend. abstr. 034.Google Scholar

  • BOMFLEUR B., SCHNEIDER J.W., SCHÖNER R., VIERECK-GÖTTE L. & KERP H. 2011b. Fossil sites in the continental Victoria and Ferrar Groups (Triassic-Jurassic) of North Victoria Land, Antarctica. Polarforschung, 80: 88-99. Google Scholar

  • BOOM A., DAMSTÉ J.S.S. & de LEEUW J.W. 2005. Cutan, a common aliphatic biopolymer in cuticles of drought-adapted plants. Org. Geochem., 36: 595-601.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • BOUCHER L.D., TAYLOR E.L. & TAYLOR T.N. 1993. Dicroidium from the Triassic of Antarctica: 39-46. In: Lucas S.G. & Morales M. (eds), The non marine Triassic. Bull. New Mexico Mus. Nat. Hist. Sci., 3.Google Scholar

  • BOUREAU E. & DOUBINGER J. 1975. Traité de paléobotanique. Vol. 4(2) Pteridophylla. Masson, Paris.Google Scholar

  • BRONGNIART M.A. 1825a. Observations sur les végétaux fossiles renfermés dans les grès de Hoer en Scanie. Ann. Sci. Nat., 4: 1-504.Google Scholar

  • BRONGNIART M.A. 1825b. Atlas des tomes 4, 5, 6. Ann. Sci. Nat., 4-6: 1-81, 56 plates.Google Scholar

  • BRONGNIART M.A. 1849. Tableau des genres de végétaux fossiles considérés sous le point de vue de leur classification botanique et de leur distribution géologique. L. Martinet, Paris.Google Scholar

  • BRONGNIART M.A. 1850. Chronological exposition of the periods of vegetation and the different floras which have successively occupied the surface of the earth. II. Kingdom of the gymnosperms. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (2)6(33): 192-203.Google Scholar

  • BROWN R. 1810. Prodromus floræ Novæ Hollandiæ et Insulæ Van-Diemen: exhibens characteres plantarum quas annis 1802-1805. R. Taylor and Co., London.Google Scholar

  • BURNHAM D.A. 2007. Archaeopteryx - a re-evaluation suggesting an arboreal habitat and an intermediate stage in trees down origin of flight. Neues Jahrb. Geol. Paläontol., Abh., 245: 33-44.Google Scholar

  • CALVER C.R. 2009. Geological setting of Jurassic plant fossils near Lune River. Rec. Tasm. Geol. Surv., 2009/02: 1-14.Google Scholar

  • CAMERON R.G., MEAKIN N.S., POGSON D.J., COLQUHOUN G.P., YOO E.K., HENDERSON G.A.M., WARREN A.Y.E., & MORGAN E.J. 1999. Sydney-Gunnedah Basin: 281-312. In: Facer R.A. & Stewart J.R. (eds), Explanatory notes. Dubbo 1:250000 geological sheet SI/55-4, 2nd ed. Geological Survey of New South Wales and Australian Geological Survey Organisation.Google Scholar

  • CANTRILL D.J. 2000. A new macroflora from the South Orkney Islands, Antarctica: evidence of an Early to Middle Jurassic age for the Powell Island Conglomerate. Antarct. Sci., 12: 185-195. DOI: 10.1017/S0954102000000249CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • CANTRILL D.J. & HUNTER M.A. 2005. Macrofossil floras of the Latady Basin, Antarctic Peninsula. N.Z. J. Geol. Geophys., 48: 537-553.Google Scholar

  • CANTRILL D.J. & POOLE I. 2012. The Vegetation of Antarctica Through Geological Time. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar

  • CANTRILL D.J. & WEBB J.A. 1998. Permineralized pleuromeid lycopsid remains from the Early Triassic Arcadia Formation, Queensland, Australia. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 102: 189-211.Google Scholar

  • CANTRILL D.J., DRINNAN A.N. & WEBB J.A. 1995. Late Triassic plant fossils from the Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica. Antarct. Sci., 7: 51-62.Google Scholar

  • CARIGLINO B., ZAVATTIERI A.M., GUTIÉRREZ P.R. & BALARINO M.L. 2016. The paleobotanical record of the Triassic Cerro de Las Cabras Formation at its type locality, Potrerillos, Mendoza (Uspallata Group): an historical account and first record of fossil flora. Ameghiniana, 53: 184-204.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • CARPENTER K.J. 2005. Stomatal architecture and evolution in basal angiosperms. Amer. J. Bot., 92: 1595-1615.Google Scholar

  • CARPENTER K.J. 2006. Specialized structures in the leaf epidermis of basal angiosperms: morphology, distribution, and homology. Amer. J. Bot., 93: 665-681.Google Scholar

  • CARRUTHERS W. 1872. Notes on fossil plants from Queensland, Australia. Quart. J. Geol. Soc., 28: 350-358.Google Scholar

  • CHAPMAN F. 1927. Monograph on the Triassic flora of Bald Hill, Bacchus Marsh, Victoria. Mem. Mus. Victoria, 7: 121-155.Google Scholar

  • CHAPMAN F. & COOKSON I.C. 1926. A revision of the “Sweet” collection of Triassic plant remains from Leigh Creek, South Australia. Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust., 50: 163-178.Google Scholar

  • CHATTERJEE S., TEWARI R. & AGNIHOTRI D. 2013. A Dicroidium flora from the Triassic of Allan Hills, South Victoria Land, Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica. Alcheringa, 37: 209-221. DOI: 10.1080/03115518.2013.736799CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • CLEAL C.J., REES P.M., ZIJLSTRA G. & CANTRILL D.J. 2006. A clarification of the type of Nilssoniopteris Nathorst (fossil Gymnospermophyta, Bennettitales). Taxon, 55: 219-222.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • COOK A., MAGEE J., ROBERTS K., DOUGLAS K., O’CALLIGHAN K. & SANDERSON R. (eds) 2012. Australia’s fossil heritage: a catalogue of important Australian fossil sites. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.Google Scholar

  • COOK A.G., McKELLAR J.L. & DRAPER J.J. 2013. Eromanga Basin: 523-533. In: Jell P.A. (ed.), Geology of Queensland. Geological Survey of Queensland, Brisbane.Google Scholar

  • CURRAN J.M. 1885. On some fossil plants from Dubbo, New South Wales. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., 9: 250-254.Google Scholar

  • D’ANGELO J.A. 2006. Analysis by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of Johnstonia (Corystospermales, Corystospermaceae) cuticles and compressions from the Triassic of Cacheuta, Mendoza, Argentina. Ameghiniana, 43: 669-685.Google Scholar

  • DAVID T.W.E. & BROWNE W.R. 1950. The geology of the Commonwealth of Australia. E. Arnold, London.Google Scholar

  • DECOMBEIX A.-L., BOMFLEUR B., TAYLOR E.L. & TAYLOR T.N. 2014. New insights into the anatomy, development, and affinities of corystosperm trees from the Triassic of Antarctica. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 203: 22-34. DOI: 10.1016/j. revpalbo.2014.01.002 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • de JERSEY N.J. & McKELLAR J.L. 2013. The palynology of the Triassic-Jurassic transition in southeastern Queensland, Australia, and correlation with New Zealand. Palynology, 37: 77-114. DOI: 10.1080/01916122.2012.718609CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • DIBNER V. 1998. The geology of Franz Josef Land - an introduction: 10-17. In: Solheim A., Musatov E. & Heintz N. (eds), Geological aspects of Franz Josef Land and the northernmost Barents Sea - the northern Barents Sea geotraverse. Norsk Polarinstitutt, 151.Google Scholar

  • DOUGLAS J.G. 1969. The Mesozoic floras of Victoria, parts 1 and 2. Mem. Geol. Surv. Victoria, 28: 1-310.Google Scholar

  • DOUGLAS J.G. 1988. Triassic: 213-216. In: Douglas J.G. and Ferguson J.A. (eds), Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia, Melbourne.Google Scholar

  • DOWELD A.B. 2013. (2244-2245) Proposals to conserve the names Cladophlebis with a conserved type and Pecopteris denticulata (Cladophlebis denticulata) against P. ligata (fossil Pteridophyta: Osmundopsida). Taxon, 62(6): 1343-1345. DOI: 10.12705/626.30CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • DRINNAN A.N. & CHAMBERS T.C. 1986. Early Cretaceous plants, Koonwarra: 1-77. In: Jell P.A. & Roberts J. (eds), Plants and invertebrates from the Lower Cretaceous Koonwarra Fossil Bed, South Gippsland, Victoria. Mem. Assoc. Aust. Palaeontol., 3.Google Scholar

  • DUDDY I.R. 2003. Mesozoic: a time of change in tectonic regime: 239-286. In: Birch W.D. (ed.), Geology of Victoria. Geol. Soc. Aust., Spec. Publ., 23.Google Scholar

  • DUN W.S. 1909. Notes on fossil plants from Lower Mesozoic strata, Benolong, Dubbo District. Rec. Geol. Surv. N.S.W., 8: 311-317. Google Scholar

  • du TOIT A.L. 1927. The fossil flora of the Upper Karroo beds. Ann. S. Afr. Mus., 22: 289-420.Google Scholar

  • DYPVIK H., SOKOLOV A., PCELLNA T., FJELLSÅ B., BJÆRKE T., KORCHINSKAYA M. & NAGY J. 1998. The Triassic succession of Franz Josef Land, stratigraphy and sedimentology of three wells from Alexandra, Hayes and Graham Bell Islands: 50-82. In: Solheim A., Musatov E. & Heintz N. (eds), Geological aspects of Franz Josef Land and the northernmost Barents Sea - the northern Barents Sea geotraverse. Norsk Polarinstitutt, 151.Google Scholar

  • ENGLER A. & PRANTL K. 1902. Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien nebst ihren Gattungen und wichtigeren Arten insbesondere den Nutzpflanzen. Wilhelm Engelman, Leipzig, 1(4): 1-808.Google Scholar

  • ESCAPA I.H., TAYLOR E.L., CÚNEO R., BOMFLEUR B., BERGENE J., SERBET R. & TAYLOR T.N. 2011. Triassic floras of Antarctica: plant diversity and distribution in high paleolatitude communities. Palaios, 26: 522-544.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • FEISTMANTEL O. 1878. Palaeozoische und mesozoische Flora des östlichen Australiens. Palaeontographica, Beitr., 3: 55-131.Google Scholar

  • FEISTMANTEL O. 1879. Palaeozoische und mesozoische Flora des östlichen Australien. Palaeontographica, Beitr., 3: 133-195.Google Scholar

  • FEISTMANTEL O. 1880a. Notes on the fossil flora of eastern Australia and Tasmania. J. Proc. R. Soc. N.S.W., 14: 103-118.Google Scholar

  • FEISTMANTEL O. 1880b. Fossil flora of the Gondwana system. Vol .1. Preface. Mem. Geol. Surv. India, Palaeont. Indica, (2)1: v-xl.Google Scholar

  • FEISTMANTEL O. 1887. Über die pflanzen- und kohlenführenden Schichten in Indien (beziehungsw. Asien), Afrika und Australien und darin vorkommende glaciale Erscheinungen. Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. Prag., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl., 1887: 3-102.Google Scholar

  • FEISTMANTEL O. 1888. Über die geologischen und palaeontologischen Verhältnisse des Gondwána- System in Tasmanien und Vergleichung m. andern Ländern, nebst einem systematischen Verzeichniss der im australischen Gondwána-System vorkommenden Arten. Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. Prag., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl., 1888: 584-654.Google Scholar

  • FEISTMANTEL O. 1889. Übersichtliche Darstellung der geologisch-palaeontologischen Verhältnisse Süd-Afrikas. 1. Die Karoo-Formation und die dieselbe unterlagernden Schichten. Abh. Math.- Naturwiss. Cl. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., 7(3): 1-89.Google Scholar

  • FEISTMANTEL O. 1890. Geological and palaeontological relations of the coal and plant-bearing beds of Palaeozoic and Mesozoic Age in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Mem. Geol. Surv. N.S.W., Palaeontol., 3: 1-184.Google Scholar

  • FLETCHER H.O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Mem. Aust. Mus., 13: 1-167.Google Scholar

  • FLINT J.C.E. & GOULD R.E. 1975. A note on the fossil megafloras of the Nymboida and Red Cliff Coal Measures, Southern Clarence-Moreton Basin, N.S.W. J. Proc. R. Soc. N.S.W., 108: 70-74.Google Scholar

  • FLORIN R. 1936. Die fossilen Ginkgophyten von Franz-Joseph-Land nebst Erörterungen über vermeintliche Cordaitales Mesozoischen. Alters. I. Spezieller Teil. Palaeontographica, B, 81(3-6): 71-173.Google Scholar

  • FRENGUELLI J. 1941. Dicroidium stelznerianum (Gein.) n. comb. Not. Mus. La Plata Paleontol., 6(33): 393-403.Google Scholar

  • FRENGUELLI J. 1943. Reseña crítica de los géneros atribuidos a la Serie de Thinnfeldia. Rev. Mus. La Plata, Paleontol., 12(2): 225-342.Google Scholar

  • FRENGUELLI J. 1944. Las especies del género Zuberia en la Argentina. An. Mus. La Plata n.s. Paleontol. Paleobot. B, 2(1): 1-30.Google Scholar

  • FRENGUELLI J. 1946. Contribución al conocimiento de la flora del Gondwana Superior en la Argentina, XXXIII. Ginkgoales de los estratos de Potrerillos en la precordillera de Mendoza. Not. Mus. La Plata Paleontol., 11(87): 100-127.Google Scholar

  • FRENGUELLI J. 1947. El género Cladophlebis y sus representantes en la Argentina. An. Mus. La Plata n.s. Paleontol. Paleobot. B, 2(2): 1-74.Google Scholar

  • FRENGUELLI J. 1950. Addendo a la flora del Gondwana Superior en la Argentina. II. Tetraptilon heteromerum n. sp. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent., 5: 15-30.Google Scholar

  • GEE C.T. 1989. Revision of the Late Jurassic/Early Cretaceous flora from Hope Bay, Antarctica. Palaeontographica, B, 213: 149-214.Google Scholar

  • GEINITZ H.B. 1876. Ueber rhaetische Pflanzen und Thierreste in den Argentinischen Provinzen La Rioja, San Juan und Mendoza. Palaeontographica Supp., 3(2): 1-14.Google Scholar

  • GNAEDINGER S. 2012. Ginkgoalean woods from the Jurassic of Argentina: taxonomic considerations and palaeogeographical distribution. Geobios, 45: 187-198.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • GNAEDINGER S. & HERBST R. 1998. La flora triásica del Grupo El Tranquilo, Provincia de Santa Cruz (Patagonia). Parte IV. Pteridospermae. Ameghiniana, 35: 33-52.Google Scholar

  • GNAEDINGER S. & HERBST R. 2001. Pteridospermas triásicas del Norte Chico de Chile. Ameghiniana, 38: 281-298.Google Scholar

  • GORDENKO N.V. & BROUSHKIN A.V. 2015. Ginkgoales: some problems of systematics and phylogeny. Paleontol. J., 49: 546-551.Google Scholar

  • GOTHAN W. 1912. Über die Gattung Thinnfeldia Ettingshausen. Abh. Naturhist. Ges. Nürnberg, 19: 67-80.Google Scholar

  • GOULD R.E. 1968. Morphology of Equisetum laterale Phillips, 1829, and E. bryanii sp. nov. from the Mesozoic of south-eastern Queensland. Aust. J. Bot., 16: 153-176.Google Scholar

  • GOULD R.E. 1969 (unpubl.). Some palaeobotanical studies of the coal measures of Queensland. PhD thesis, Department of Geology and Mineralogy, The University of Queensland, 241 pp., 19 plates.Google Scholar

  • GOULD R.E. 1974. The fossil flora of the Walloon Coal Measures: a survey. Proc. R. Soc. Qd, 85(3): 33-41.Google Scholar

  • GRAUVOGEL-STAMM L. & LUGARDON B. 2001. The Triassic lycopsids Pleuromeia and Annalepis: relationships, evolution, and origin. Amer. Fern J., 91: 115-149.Google Scholar

  • GUEX J. 2016. Sublethal environmental stress: 17-25. In: Retrograde evolution during major extinction crises. Springer, Switzerland.Google Scholar

  • GUPTA N.S., COLLINSON M.E., BRIGGS D.E.G., EVERSHED R.P. & PANCOST R.D. 2006. Reinvestigation of the occurrence of cutan in plants: implications for the leaf fossil record. Paleobiology, 32: 432-449.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • HALLE T.G. 1908. Zur Kenntniss Mesozoischen Equisetales Schwedens. Kungl. Svenska VetenskapsAkad. Handl., 43(1): 1-57.Google Scholar

  • HALLE T.G. 1913. The Mesozoic flora of Grahamland. Wissenschaftliche ergebnisse der Schwedischen Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903, 3(14): 1-123.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. 1931. The fossil flora of Scoresby Sound East Greenland. Part 1. Cryptogams (exclusive of Lycopodiales). Meddel. Grønland, 85(2): 1-104.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. 1935. The fossil flora of Scoresby Sound East Greenland. Part 4. Ginkgolaes, Coniferales, Lycopodiales and isolated fructifications. Meddel. Grønland, 112(1): 1-176.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. 1961. The Yorkshire Jurassic flora. I. Thallophyta-Pteridophyta. British Museum (Natural History), London.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. 1964. The Yorkshire Jurassic flora. II. Caytoniales, Cycadales & pteridosperms. British Museum (Natural History), London.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. 1969. The Yorkshire Jurassic Flora. III. Bennettitales. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), 675: 1-186.Google Scholar

  • HARRIS T.M. & MILLINGTON W. 1974. The Yorkshire Jurassic flora. IV. 1 Gingkoales. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), 724: 1-79.Google Scholar

  • HATHWAY B. 2000. Continental rift to back-arc basin: Jurassic-Cretaceous stratigraphical and structural evolution of the Larsen Basin, Antarctic Peninsula. J. Geol. Soc., 157: 417-432.Google Scholar

  • HELBY R. & MARTIN A.R.H. 1965. Cyclostrobus gen. nov., cones of lycopsidean plants from the Narrabeen Group (Triassic) of New South Wales. Aust. J. Bot., 13: 389-404.Google Scholar

  • HERBST R. 1977. Sobre Marattiales (Filicopsidae) triásicas de Argentina y Australia. Parte II. Los géneros Danaeopsis y Rienitsia. Ameghiniana, 14: 19-32.Google Scholar

  • HERBST R. 1978. Revisión de las especies Australásicas de Cladophlebis (Bgt.). Facena, 2: 3-28.Google Scholar

  • HILL D., PLAYFORD G. & WOODS J.T. (eds) 1965. Triassic fossils of Queensland. Queensland Palaeontographical Society, Brisbane.Google Scholar

  • HILL D., PLAYFORD G. & WOODS J.T. (eds) 1966. Jurassic fossils of Queensland. Queensland Palaeontographical Society, Brisbane.Google Scholar

  • HOCKING R.M., MARCOS G.W. & ARCHER R.H. 1976. Gingin urban geology 2035 II. Geological Survey of Western Australia [annotated map sheet].Google Scholar

  • HOLMES W.B.K. 1982. The Middle Triassic flora from Benolong, near Dubbo, central-western New South Wales. Alcheringa, 6: 1-33.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • HOLMES W.B.K. 2000. The Middle Triassic megafossil flora of the Basin Creek Formation, Nymboida Coal Measures, NSW, Australia. Part 1: Bryophyta, Sphenophyta. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., 122: 43-68.Google Scholar

  • HOLMES W.B.K. 2001a. Equisetalean plant remains from the Early to Middle Triassic of New South Wales, Australia. Rec. Aust. Mus., 53: 9-20.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • HOLMES W.B.K. 2001b. The Middle Triassic megafossil flora of the Basin Creek Formation, Nymboida Coal Measures, New South Wales, Australia. Part 2. Filicophyta. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., 123: 39-87.Google Scholar

  • HOLMES W.B.K. 2003. The Middle Triassic megafossil flora of the Basin Creek Formation, Nymboida Coal Measures, New South Wales, Australia. Part 3. Fern-like foliage. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., 124: 53-108.Google Scholar

  • HOLMES W.B.K. & ANDERSON H.M. 2005a. The Middle Triassic megafossil flora of the Basin Creek Formation, Nymboida Coal Measures, New South Wales, Australia. Part 4. Umkomasiaceae. Dicroidium and affiliated fructifications. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., 126: 1-37.Google Scholar

  • HOLMES W.B.K. & ANDERSON H.M. 2005b. The Middle Triassic megafossil flora of the Basin Creek Formation, Nymboida Coal Measures, New South Wales, Australia. Part 5. The genera Lepidopteris, Kurtziana, Rochipteris and Walkomiopteris. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., 126: 39-79.Google Scholar

  • HOLMES W.B.K. & ANDERSON H.M. 2007. The Middle Triassic megafossil flora of the Basin Creek Formation, Nymboida Coal Measures, New South Wales, Australia. Part 6. Ginkgophyta. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., 128: 155-200.Google Scholar

  • HOLMES W.B.K., ANDERSON H.M. & WEBB J.A. 2010. The Middle Triassic megafossil flora of the Basin Creek Formation, Nymboida Coal Measures, New South Wales, Australia. Part 8. The Genera Nilssonia, Taeniopteris, Linguifolium, Gontriglossa and Scoresbya. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., 131: 1-26.Google Scholar

  • JACK R.L. & ETHERIDGE R. 1892. Geology and palaeontology of Queensland and New Guinea. Publ. Geol. Surv. Qd, 92: pp. i-xxxi, 1-768, plates 1-68, maps 1-6.Google Scholar

  • JACOB K. & JACOB C. 1950. A preliminary account of the structure of the cuticles of Dicroidium (Thinnfeldia) fronds from the Mesozoic of Australia. Proc. Natl Inst. Sci. India, 16: 101-126.Google Scholar

  • JAIN R.K. & DELEVORYAS T. 1967. A Middle Triassic flora from the Cacheuta Formation, Minas de Petroleo, Argentina. Palaeontology, 10: 564-589.Google Scholar

  • JANSSON I.-M., McLOUGHLIN S., VAJDA V. & POLE M. 2008. An Early Jurassic flora from the Clarence-Moreton Basin, Australia. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 150: 5-21. DOI: 10.1016/j.revpalbo. 2008.01.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • JELL P.A. 2013. Tarong Basin: pp. 396-397. In: Jell P.A. (ed.), Geology of Queensland. Geological Survey of Queensland, Brisbane.Google Scholar

  • JELL P.A. & McKELLAR J.L. 2013. Callide Basin: p. 398. In: Jell P.A. (ed.), Geology of Queensland. Geological Survey of Queensland, Brisbane.Google Scholar

  • JELL P.A., McKELLAR J.L. & DRAPER J.J. 2013. Clarence-Moreton Basin: 542-546. In: Jell P.A. (ed.), Geology of Queensland. Geological Survey of Queensland, Brisbane.Google Scholar

  • JOHNSTON R.M. 1885. General observations regarding the classification of the Upper Palaeozoic and Mesozoic rocks of Tasmania, together with a full description of all the known Tasmanian coal plants, including a considerable number of new species. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm., 1885: 343-387.Google Scholar

  • JOHNSTON R.M. 1886. Fresh contribution to our knowledge of the plants of Mesozoic age in Tasmania. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm., 1886: 160-183.Google Scholar

  • JOHNSTON R.M. 1888. Systematic account of the geology of Tasmania. W.T. Strutt, Hobart.Google Scholar

  • JOHNSTON R.M. 1893. Further contributions to the fossil flora of Tasmania. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm., 1893: 170-179.Google Scholar

  • JOHNSTON R.M. 1895. Further contributions to the history of the fossil flora of Tasmania. Part II. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm., 1895: 57-63.Google Scholar

  • JONES D.L. 1993. Cycads of the world, ancient plant in today’s landscape. Reeds New Holland, Sydney.Google Scholar

  • JONES O.A. & de JERSEY N.J. 1947a. The flora of the Ipswich Coal Measures: morphology and floral succession. Pap. Dep. Geol. Univ. Qd, 3(3): 1-88.Google Scholar

  • JONES O.A. & de JERSEY N.J. 1947b. Fertile Equisetales and other plants from the Brighton Beds. Pap. Dep. Geol. Univ. Qd, 3(4): 1-16.Google Scholar

  • JORGENSEN P.J. & FIELDING C.R. 1996. Facies architecture of alluvial floodbasin deposits: threedimensional data from the Upper Triassic Callide Coal Measures of east-central Queensland, Australia. Sedimentology, 43: 479-495.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • KERR J.W. 1990. Rosewood and Marburg: the early years. J. R. Hist. Soc. Qd, 14: 195-197.Google Scholar

  • KIRCHNER M. & van KONIJNENBURG-van CITTERT J.H.A. 1994. Schmeissneria microstachys (Presl, 1833) Kirchner et van Konijnenburg-van Cittert, comb. nov. and Karkenia haupymannii Kirchner et van Konijnenburg-van Cittert, sp. nov., plants with ginkgoalean affinities from the Liassic of Germany. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 83: 199-215.Google Scholar

  • KŒTTLITZ R. 1898. Observations on the geology of Franz Josef Land. Quart. J. Geol. Soc., 54: 620-645.Google Scholar

  • KOKOGIAN D.A., SPALLETTI L.A., MOREL E.M., ARTABE A.E., MARTINEZ R.N., ALCOBER O.A., MILANA J.P. & ZAVATTIERI A.M. 2001. Estratigrafía del Triásico argentino: 23-54. In: Artabe A.E., Morel E.M. & Zamuner A.B. (eds) El Sistema Triásico en la Argentina. Fundación Museo de La Plata “Francisco Pascasio Moreno”, La Plata, Argentina.Google Scholar

  • KON’NO E. 1973. New species of Pleuromeia and Neocalamites from the upper Scythian bed in the Kitakami Massif, Japan: with a brief note on some equisetacean plants from the Upper Permian bed in the Kitakami Massif. Sci. Rep. Tohoku Univ., Ser. 2, Geol., 43(2): 99-115.Google Scholar

  • KOUWENBERG L.L.R., HINES R.R. & McELWAIN J.C. 2007. A new transfer technique to extract and process thin and fragmented fossil cuticle using polyester overlays. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 145: 243-248. DOI: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2006.11.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • KURTZ F. 1921. Atlas de plantas fósiles de la República Argentina. Actas Acad. Nac. Ci. Córdoba, 7: 133-153.Google Scholar

  • KUSTATSCHER E., WACHTLER M. & van KONIJNENBURG- van CITTERT J.H.A. 2010. Lycophytes from the Middle Triassic (Anisian) locality Kühwiesenkopf (Monte Prà della Vacca) in the Dolomites (northern Italy). Palaeontology, 53: 595-626.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • KWITKO G. 1995. Triassic intramontane basins: 98-101. In: Drexel J.F. & Preiss W.V. (eds) The geology of South Australia. Vol. 2. The Phanerozoic. Bull. Geol. Surv. S. Aust., 54 [digital version with minor corrections 2012].Google Scholar

  • LARSÉN E. & RYDIN C. 2016. Disentangling the phylogeny of Isoetes (Isoetales), using nuclear and plastid data. Int. J. Pl. Sci., 177: 157-174. DOI: 10.1086/684179CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • LELE K.M. 1962. Studies in the Indian Middle Gondwana flora: 1. On Dicroidium from the South Rewa Gondwana Basin. Palaeobotanist, 10: 48-68.Google Scholar

  • MARTYNOV I. 1820. Techno-botanical dictionary. Imperial Russian Academy, St. Petersburg [in Russian].Google Scholar

  • McELWAIN J.C., BEERLING D.J. & WOODWARD F.I. 1999. Fossil plants and global warming at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary. Science, 285(5432): 1386-1390.Google Scholar

  • McELWAIN J.C., WAGNER P.J. & HESSELBO S.P. 2009. Fossil plant relative abundances indicate sudden loss of Late Triassic biodiversity in East Greenland. Science, 324(5934): 1554-1556. DOI: 10.1126/science.1171706CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • McKELLAR J.L. 1978. Palynology of a sample from the Walloon Coal Measures at Rosewood Consolidated Colliery. Qd Govt Min. J., 79(924): 530-532.Google Scholar

  • McKELLAR J.L. 2013. Fig. 7.2. Detailed correlation chart across main Queensland basins of the Great Australian Superbasin and comparison of their stratigraphic columns to the international standard and to Australian zonal schemes: 518-519. In: Jell P.A. (ed.), Geology of Queensland. Geological Survey of Queensland, Brisbane.Google Scholar

  • McLOUGHLIN S. & DRINNAN A.N. 1995. A Middle Jurassic flora from the Walloon Coal Measures, Mutdapilly, Queensland, Australia. Mem. Qd Mus., 38(1): 257-272.Google Scholar

  • McLOUGHLIN S. & DRINNAN A.N. 1997. Revised stratigraphy of the Permian Bainmedart Coal Measures, northern Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica. Geol. Mag., 134: 335-353.Google Scholar

  • McLOUGHLIN S. & POTT C. 2009. The Jurassic flora of Western Australia. GFF (J. Geol. Soc. Sweden), 131: 113-136.Google Scholar

  • McLOUGHLIN S., TOSOLINI A.-M.P., NAGALINGUM N.S. & DRINNAN A.N. 2002. Early Cretaceous (Neocomian) flora and fauna of the Lower Strzelecki Group, Gippsland Basin, Victoria. Mem. Assoc. Aust. Palaeontol., 26: 1-144.Google Scholar

  • McNEILL J., BARRIE F.R., BUCK W.R., DEMOULIN V., GREUTER W., HAWKSWORTH D.L., HERENDEEN P.S., KNAPP S., MARHOLD K., PRADO J., PRUD’HOMME van REINE W.F., SMITH G.F., WIERSEMA J.H. & TURLAND N.J. (eds) 2012. International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code), adopted by the Eighteenth International Botanical Congress Melbourne, Australia, July 2011. Regnum Vegetabile 154. [ http://www.iapt-taxon.org/nomen/main.php ] Google Scholar

  • MENENDEZ C.A. 1951. La flora mesozoica de la formacion Llantenes (Provincia Mendoza). Rev. Mus. Argent. Cienc. Bot., 2(3): 147-261.Google Scholar

  • METCALFE I., CROWLEY J.L., NICOLL R.S. & SCHMITZ M. 2015. High-precision U-Pb CATIMS calibration of Middle Permian to Lower Triassic sequences, mass extinction and extreme climate-change in eastern Australian Gondwana. Gondwana Res., 28: 61-81. DOI: 10.1016/j. gr.2014.09.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • MEYEN S.V. 1984. Basic features of gymnosperm systematics and phylogeny as evidenced by the fossil record. Bot. Rev., 50: 1-111.Google Scholar

  • MOREL E.M., ARTABE A.E. & SPALLETTI L.A.Google Scholar

  • 2003. Triassic floras of Argentina: biostratigraphy, floristic events and comparison with other areas of Gondwana and Laurasia. Alcheringa, 27: 231-243. DOI: 10.1080/03115518.2003.10384472CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • MORY A.J., HAIG D.W., McLOUGHLIN S. & HOCKING R.M. 2005. Geology of the northern Perth Basin, Western Australia - a field guide. Rec. Geol. Surv. W. Aust., 2005/9: 1-71.Google Scholar

  • MÜNSTER G.G. 1842. Ueber einige neue noch wenig bekannte Fossile Pflanzen, unter Mitwirkung des Professor Unger in Grätz. Beitr. Petrefacten- Kunde, 5(12): 103-110, plates III-IV.Google Scholar

  • NATHORST A.G. 1909. Über die Gattung Nilssonia Brongn: mit besonderer Berücksichtigung schwedischer Arten. Kungl. Svenska VetenskapsAkad. Handl., 43(12): 1-40.Google Scholar

  • NEINHUIS C. & BARTHLOTT W. 1997. Characterization and distribution of water-repellent, selfcleaning plant surfaces. Ann. Bot., 79: 667-677.Google Scholar

  • NEWTON E.T. & TEALL J.J.H. 1897. Notes on a collection of rocks and fossils from Franz Josef Land, made by the Jackson-Harmsworth Expedition during 1894-1896. Quart. J. Geol. Soc., 53: 477-519.Google Scholar

  • NEWTON E.T. & TEALL J.J.H. 1898. Additional notes on rocks and fossils from Franz Josef Land. Quart. J. Geol. Soc., 54: 646-652.Google Scholar

  • OLDHAM T. & MORRIS J. 1863. 1. The fossil flora of the Rajmahal series in the Rajmahal Hills. Mem. Geol. Surv. India Palaeont. Indica, (2)1(1): 1-52 + plates I-XXXV.Google Scholar

  • O’SULLIVAN T. 1977 (unpubl.). Geology of part of the north-eastern Callide Basin, east-central Queensland. Honours thesis, Department of Geology and Mineralogy, The University of Queensland, 40 pp., 46 figs, 3 maps.Google Scholar

  • OTTONE E.G. 2006. Plantas triásicas del Grupo Rincón Blanco, Provincia de San Juan, Argentina. Ameghiniana, 43: 477-486.Google Scholar

  • OTTONE E.G., AVELLANEDA D. & KOUKHARSKY M. 2011. Plantas triásicas y su relación con el volcanismo en la Formación Agua de la Zorra, provincia de Mendoza, Argentina. Ameghiniana, 48: 177-188.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • PANT D.D. 1987. The fossil history and phylogeny of the Cycadales. Geophytology, 17: 125-162.Google Scholar

  • PATTEMORE G.A. 2000. A new Early Jurassic pteridosperm fructification from Queensland. J. Afr. Earth Sc., 31: 187-193.Google Scholar

  • PATTEMORE G.A. 2016. The structure of umkomasiacean fructifications from the Triassic of Queensland. Acta Palaeobot., 56: 17-40. DOI: 10.1515/ acpa-2016-0001CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • PATTEMORE G.A. & RIGBY J.F. 2005. Fructifications and foliage from the Mesozoic of southeast Queensland. Mem. Qd Mus., 50(2): 329-345.Google Scholar

  • PATTEMORE G.A., RIGBY J.F. & PLAYFORD G. 2014. Palissya: a global review and reassessment of Eastern Gondwanan material. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 210: 50-61. DOI: 10.1016/j.revpalbo. 2014.08.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • PATTEMORE G.A., RIGBY J.F. & PLAYFORD G. 2015a. Triassic-Jurassic pteridosperms of Australasia: speciation, diversity and decline. Boletín Geológico y Minero, 126: 689-722.Google Scholar

  • PATTEMORE G.A., RIGBY J.F. & PLAYFORD G. 2015b. The Mesozoic megafossil genus Linguifolium Arber 1917. Acta Palaeobot., 55: 123-147. DOI: 10.1515/acpa-2015-0009CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • PETRIELLA B. 1980. Sinopsis de las Corystospermaceae (Corystospermales, Pteridospermophyta) de Argentina. I. Hojas. Ameghiniana, 16: 81-102.Google Scholar

  • PETRIELLA B. 1981. Sistemática y vinculaciones de las Corystospermaceae H. Thomas. Ameghiniana, 18: 221-234.Google Scholar

  • PIGG K.B. 1990. Anatomically preserved Dicroidium foliage from the central Transantarctic Mountains. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 66: 129-145.Google Scholar

  • PIGG K.B. 1992. Evolution of isoetalean lycopsids. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard., 79: 589-612.Google Scholar

  • PIGG K.B. 2001. Isoetalean lycopsid evolution: from the Devonian to the present. Amer. Fern J., 91: 99-114.Google Scholar

  • PIGG K.B. & TAYLOR T.N. 1987. Anatomically preserved Dicroidium from the Transantarctic Mountains. Antarc. J. U.S., 22(5): 28-29.Google Scholar

  • PLAYFORD G. & RIGBY J.F. 1988. Some Lower Mesozoic and Lower Tertiary plant megafossil occurrences in the Ipswich area, southeast Queensland: 119-125. In: Hamilton L.H. (ed.), Field excursions handbook for the Ninth Australian Geological Convention, Brisbane 1988. Geological Society of Australia, Queensland Division.Google Scholar

  • PLAYFORD G., RIGBY J.F. & ARCHIBALD D.C. 1982. A Middle Triassic flora from the Moolayember Formation, Bowen Basin, Queensland. Publ. Geol. Surv. Qd, 380: 1-52.Google Scholar

  • POLE M.S. & RAINE J.I. 1994. Triassic plant fossils from Pollock Road, Southland, New Zealand. Alcheringa, 18: 147-159.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • POTT C. & McLOUGHLIN S. 2009. Bennettitalean foliage in the Rhaetian-Bajocian (latest Triassic- Middle Jurassic) floras of Scania, southern Sweden. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 158: 117-166. DOI: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2009.08.004CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • POTT C. & McLOUGHLIN S. 2011. The Rhaetian flora of Rögla, northern Scania, Sweden. Palaeontology, 54: 1025-1051. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4983.2011.01090.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • POTT C., KERP H. & KRINGS M. 2007a. Morphology and epidermal anatomy of Nilssonia (cycadalean foliage) from the Upper Triassic of Lunz (Lower Austria). Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 143(3-4): 197-217. DOI: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2006.07.007CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • POTT C., KRINGS M. & KERP H. 2007b. First record of Nilssoniopteris (Gymnospermophyta, Bennettitales) from the Carnian (Upper Triassic) of Lunz, lower Austria. Palaeontology, 50: 1299-1318. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4983.2007.00704.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • PURDY D.J. 2013. Esk Trough: 387-391. In: Jell P.A. (ed.), Geology of Queensland. Geological Survey of Queensland, Brisbane.Google Scholar

  • PURDY D.J. & CRANFIELD L.C. 2013. Ipswich Basin: 391-396. In: Jell P.A. (ed.), Geology of Queensland. Geological Survey of Queensland, Brisbane.Google Scholar

  • RANDS W.H. 1891. New discovery of coal near the Callide Creek, Port Curtis district. Publ. Geol. Surv. Qd, 80: 1-5 + 1 map.Google Scholar

  • RAVEN R.J., JELL P.A. & KNEZOUR R.A. 2015. Edwa maryae gen. et sp. nov. in the Norian Blackstone Formation of the Ipswich Basin - the first Triassic spider (Mygalomorphae) from Australia. Alcheringa, 39: 259-263. DOI: 10.1080/03115518.2015.993300CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • REES P.M. 1993. Revised interpretations of Mesozoic palaeogeography and volcanic arc evolution in the northern Antarctic Peninsula region. Antarct. Sci., 5: 77-85.Google Scholar

  • REES P.M. & CLEAL C.J. 2004. Lower Jurassic floras from Hope Bay and Botany Bay, Antarctica. Spec. Pap. Palaeontol., 72: 5-90.Google Scholar

  • REID C.M., FORSYTH S.M., CLARKE M.J. & BACON C. 2014. The Parmeener Supergroup - late Carboniferous to Triassic: 363-384. In: Corbett K.D., Quilty P.G. & Calver C.R. (eds), Geological evolution of Tasmania. Spec. Publ. Geol. Soc. Aust., Tasm. Div., 24.Google Scholar

  • REID J.H. 1922. Geology of the Walloon-Rosewood coalfield. Publ. Geol. Surv. Qd, 272: 1-67.Google Scholar

  • RENAULT B. 1883. Cours de botanique fossile fait au Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle. Vol. 3. G. Masson, Paris.Google Scholar

  • RETALLACK G.J. 1975. The life and times of a Triassic lycopod. Alcheringa, 1: 3-29.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • RETALLACK G.J. 1977. Reconstructing Triassic vegetation of eastern Australasia: a new approach for the biostratigraphy of Gondwanaland. Alcheringa, 1: 247-278, microfiche frames G1-J17.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • RETALLACK G.J. 1980a. Late Carboniferous to Middle Triassic megafossil floras from the Sydney Basin: 384-430. In: Herbert C. & Helby R. (eds) A guide to the Sydney Basin. Bull. Geol. Surv. N.S.W., 26.Google Scholar

  • RETALLACK G.J. 1980b. Middle Triassic megafossil plants and trace fossils from Tank Gully, Canterbury, New Zealand. J. R. Soc. N.Z., 10: 31-63.Google Scholar

  • RETALLACK G.J. 1981. Middle Triassic megafossil plants from Long Gully, near Otematata, north Otago, New Zealand. J. R. Soc. N.Z., 11: 167-200.Google Scholar

  • RETALLACK G.J. 1983. Middle Triassic megafossil marine algae and land plants from near Benmore Dam, southern Canterbury, New Zealand. J. R. Soc. N.Z., 13: 129-154.Google Scholar

  • RETALLACK G.J. 1995. An Early Triassic fossil flora from Culvida Soak, Canning Basin, Western Australia. J. R. Soc. W. Aust., 78: 57-66.Google Scholar

  • RETALLACK G.J. 1997. Earliest Triassic origin of Isoetes and quillwort evolutionary radiation. J. Paleontol., 71: 500-521.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • RETALLACK G.J., GOULD R.E. & RUNNEGAR B. 1977. Isotopic dating of a Middle Triassic megafossil flora from near Nymboida, northeastern New South Wales. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., 101: 77-113.Google Scholar

  • RIGBY J.F. 1978. Jurassic plant fossils from the Walloon Coal Measures at Rosewood Consolidated Colliery. Qd Govt Min. J., 79(924): 526-529.Google Scholar

  • RITTERBUSH K.A., IBARRA Y., BOTTJER D.J., CORSETTI F.A., ROSAS S., WEST A.J., BERELSON W.M. & YAGER J.A. 2015. Marine ecological state-shifts following the Triassic-Jurassic mass extinction. Paleontol. Soc. Pap., 21: 121-136.Google Scholar

  • RÖPER M. 2005. Field trip C: lithographic limestones and plattenkalk deposits of the Solnhofen and Mörnsheim formations near Eichstätt and Solnhofen. Zitteliana, (B), 26: 71-85.Google Scholar

  • ROTHWELL G.W. & STOCKEY R.A. 2016. Phylogenetic diversification of Early Cretaceous seed plants: the compound seed cone of Doylea tetrahedrasperma. Amer. J. Bot., 103: 923-937. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.1600030CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • ROUX J.P. 2009. Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Strelitzia, 23: 1-296.Google Scholar

  • ROYER D.L. 2001. Stomatal density and stomatal index as indicators of paleoatmospheric CO2 concentration. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 114: 1-28.Google Scholar

  • RUHL M., BONIS N.R., REICHART G.-J., DAMSTÉ J.S.S. & KÜRSCHNER W.M. 2011. Atmospheric carbon injection linked to end-Triassic mass extinction. Science, 333(6041): 430-434. DOI: 10.1126/ science.1204255CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • SAMYLINA V.A. & KIRITCHKOVA A.I. 1991. Rod Czekanowskia. Nauka, St. Petersburg [in Russian].Google Scholar

  • SAMYLINA V.A. & KIRITCHKOVA A.I. 1993. The genus Czekanowskia Heer: principles of systematics, range in space and time. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 79: 271-284.Google Scholar

  • SCHIMPER W.P. 1874. Traité de paléontologie végétale, 3. Baillière et fils, Paris.Google Scholar

  • SCHNEIDER C.A., RASBAND W.S. & ELICEIRI K.W. 2012. NIH Image to ImageJ: 25 years of image analysis. Nature Meth., 9: 671-675.Google Scholar

  • SCHOPF J.M. 1973. The contrasting plant assemblages from Permian and Triassic deposits in southern continents. Mem. Canad. Soc. Petrol. Geol., 2: 379-397.Google Scholar

  • SETON M., MÜLLER R.D., ZAHIROVIC S., GAINA C., TORSVIK T., SHEPHARD G., TALSMA A., GURNIS M., TURNER M., MAUS S. & CHANDLER M. 2012. Global continental and ocean basin reconstructions since 200 ma. Earth-Sci. Rev., 113: 212-270. DOI: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2012.03.002CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • SEWARD A.C. 1894. The Wealden flora. I. Thallophyta- Pteridophyta. Catalogue of the Mesozoic plants in the Department of Geology, Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), 1: 1-179.Google Scholar

  • SEWARD A.C. 1904. On a collection of Jurassic plants from Victoria. Rec. Geol. Surv. Victoria, 1(3): 155-211.Google Scholar

  • SEWARD A.C. 1908. On a collection of fossil plants from South Africa. Quart. J. Geol. Soc., 64: 83-108.Google Scholar

  • SEWARD A.C. 1910. Fossil Plants. Vol. 2. Cambridge University Press, London.Google Scholar

  • SEWARD A.C. 1917. Fossil Plants. Vol. 3. Pteridospermeae, Cycadofilices, Cordaitales, Cycadophyta. Cambridge University Press, London.Google Scholar

  • SEWARD A.C. 1919. Fossil Plants. Vol. 4. Ginkgoales, Coniferales, Gnetales. Cambridge University Press, London.Google Scholar

  • SHI GONGLE, LESLIE A.B., HERENDEEN P.S., HERRERA F., ICHINNOROV N., TAKAHASHI M., KNOPF P. & CRANE P.R. 2016. Early Cretaceous Umkomasia from Mongolia: implications for homology of corystosperm cupules. New Phytol., 210: 1418-1429. DOI: 10.1111/nph.13871CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • SHIRLEY J. 1898. Additions to the fossil flora of Queensland. Publ. Geol. Surv. Qd, 128: 1-25.Google Scholar

  • SLATER S.M. & WELLMAN C.H. 2015. A quantitative comparison of dispersed spore/pollen and plant megafossil assemblages from a Middle Jurassic plant bed from Yorkshire, UK. Paleobiology, 41: 640-660. DOI: 10.1017/pab.2015.27CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • SMELROR M. 1986. Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous palynomorph assemblages from Cape Flora, Franz Josef Land, Arctic, USSR. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 66: 107-119.Google Scholar

  • SNARS F. 1997. German settlement in the Rosewood Scrub: a pictorial history. Rosewood Scrub Historical Society, Marburg, Queensland.Google Scholar

  • SOLHEIM A., GUSTAVSEN F., MUSATOV E., DYPVIK H. & BJÆRKE T. 1998. The shallow subsurface geology of the northeastern Barents Sea: 24-49. In: Solheim A., Musatov E. & Heintz N. (eds), Geological aspects of Franz Josef Land and the northernmost Barents Sea - the northern Barents Sea geotraverse. Norsk Polarinstitutt, 151.Google Scholar

  • STANLEY T.D. & ROSS E.M. 1983. Flora of southeastern Queensland. Vol. 1. Queensland Herbarium, Brisbane.Google Scholar

  • STERNBERG G.K. 1838. Versuch einer geognostischbotanischen Darstellung der Flora der Vorwelt. Deutschen Museum, Leipzig, 5-8: 1-220.Google Scholar

  • STIPANICIC P.N., HERBST R. & BONETTI M.I.R. 1996. Floras triásicas: 127-184. In: Stipanicic P.N. & Hünicken M.A. (eds), Revisión y actualización de la obra paleobotánica de Kurtz en la República Argentina. Actas Acad. Nac. Ci. Córdoba, 11.Google Scholar

  • STOREY B.C., VAUGHAN A.P.M. & MILLAR I.L. 1996. Geodynamic evolution of the Antarctic Peninsula during Mesozoic times and its bearing on Weddell Sea history. Spec. Publ., Geol. Soc. London, 108: 87-103.Google Scholar

  • STRZELECKI P.E. 1845. Physical description of New South Wales and Van Diemen’s Land. Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans, London.Google Scholar

  • SZAJNOCHA L. 1888. Über fossile Pflanzenreste aus Cacheuta in der Argentinischen Republik. Sitzungsber. Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., 97: 219-245.Google Scholar

  • TAYLOR E.L., BOUCHER L.D. & TAYLOR T. N. 1992. Dicroidium from Mount Fella, central Transantarctic Mountains. Antarc. J. U.S., 27(5): 2-3.Google Scholar

  • TAYLOR E.L., TAYLOR T.N. & KRINGS M. 2009. Paleobotany: the biology and evolution of fossil plants, 2nd edition. Elsevier.Google Scholar

  • TENISON-WOODS J.E. 1882. The Hawkesbury Sandstone. J. Proc. R. Soc. N.S.W., 16: 53-106.Google Scholar

  • TENISON-WOODS J.E. 1883. On various deposits of fossil plants in Queensland. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., 7: 95-98.Google Scholar

  • TENISON-WOODS J.E. 1884. On the fossil flora of the coal deposits of Australia. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., 8: 37-180.Google Scholar

  • THE BRISBANE COURIER. 1871. Coal-mining in West Moreton. Newspaper article, 19th October, 26(4383): 1-4. [ http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1318045 ] Google Scholar

  • THE BRISBANE COURIER. 1872. Telegraphic. Newspaper article, 31st August, 27(4665): 1-8. [ http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1294910 ] Google Scholar

  • THOMAS H.H. 1933. On some pteridospermous plants from the Mesozoic rocks of South Africa. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. (B), 222(489): 193-265.Google Scholar

  • THORN V. 2001. Vegetation communities of a high palaeolatitude Middle Jurassic forest in New Zealand. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimat., Palaeoecol., 168: 273-289.Google Scholar

  • TIDWELL W.D., KIM J.H. & KIMURA T. 1987. Mid- Mesozoic leaves from near Ida Bay, southern Tasmania, Australia. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm., 121: 159-170.Google Scholar

  • TORSVIK T.H. & COCKS L.R.M. 2013. Gondwana from top to base in space and time. Gondwana Res., 24: 999-1030.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • TOTTERDELL J.M., MOLONEY J., KORSCH R.J. & KRASSAY A.A. 2009. Sequence stratigraphy of the Bowen-Gunnedah and Surat Basins in New South Wales. Aust. J. Earth Sci., 56: 433-459.Google Scholar

  • TOWNROW J.A. 1957. On Dicroidium, probably a pteridospermous leaf, and other leaves now removed from this genus. Trans. Geol. Soc. S. Afr., 60: 21-56.Google Scholar

  • TOWNROW J.A. 1962. Note on the type material of Xylopteris elongata (Carruthers) Frenguelli. Proc. R. Soc. Qd, 72(10): 123-127.Google Scholar

  • TOWNROW J.A. 1966. On Dicroidium odontopteroides and D. obtusifolium in Tasmania: 129-136. In: Symposium on floristics and stratigraphy of Gondwanaland. Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, Lucknow, India.Google Scholar

  • TOWNROW J.A. 1967a. Brachyphyllum crassum complex of fossil conifers. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm., 101: 149-174.Google Scholar

  • TOWNROW J.A. 1967b. Fossil plants from Allan and Carapace Nunataks, and from the upper Mill and Shackleton Glaciers, Antarctica. N.Z. J. Geol. Geophys., 10: 456-473.Google Scholar

  • TRONCOSO A. & HERBST R. 2007. Cuatro flórulas del triásico superior del centro sur de Chile (Cerro Ranguilí, Cerro Quilvo, Cerro Gupo y Río Quillén). Ameghiniana, 44: 661-672. Google Scholar

  • Van KONIJNENBURG-van CITTERT J.H.A. 1978. Osmundaceous spores in situ from the Jurassic of Yorkshire, England. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 26: 125-141.Google Scholar

  • WALKOM A.B. 1915. Mesozoic floras of Queensland. Part 1. The flora of the Ipswich and Walloon series. (a.) Introduction. (b.) Equisetales. Publ. Geol. Surv. Qd, 252: 1-51.Google Scholar

  • WALKOM A.B. 1917a. Mesozoic floras of Queensland. Part 1 (continued), the flora of the Ipswich and Walloon series. (c.) Filicales, etc. Publ. Geol. Surv. Qd, 257: 1-67.Google Scholar

  • WALKOM A.B. 1917b. Mesozoic floras of Queensland. Part 1 (concluded): The flora of the Ipswich and Walloon series. (d.) Ginkgoales, (e.) Cycadophyta, (f.) Coniferales. Publ. Geol. Surv. Qd, 259: 1-49.Google Scholar

  • WALKOM A.B. 1919a. Mesozoic floras of Queensland. Parts 3 and 4. The floras of the Burrum and Styx River series. Publ. Geol. Surv. Qd, 263: 1-77.Google Scholar

  • WALKOM A.B. 1919b. Queensland fossil floras. Proc. R. Soc. Qd, 31: 1-20.Google Scholar

  • WALKOM A.B. 1924a. On fossil plants from Bellevue, near Esk. Mem. Qd Mus., 8(1): 77-92.Google Scholar

  • WALKOM A.B. 1924b. Notes on some Tasmanian Mesozoic plants. Part I. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm., 1924: 73-87.Google Scholar

  • WALKOM A.B. 1925. Fossil plants from the Narrabeen Stage of the Hawkesbury Series. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., 50: 214-224. Google Scholar

  • WALKOM A.B. 1928. Fossil plants from the Esk district, Queensland. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., 53: 458-468.Google Scholar

  • WALKOM A.B. 1932. Fossil plants from Mt. Piddington and Clarence Siding. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., 57: 123-126.Google Scholar

  • WALKOM A.B. 1944. Fossil plants from Gingin. J. R. Soc. W. Aust., 28: 201-207.Google Scholar

  • WANG QI. 2008. (1826) Proposal to conserve the name Pleuromeia with that spelling (fossil Lycopsida). Taxon, 57: 659-660.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • WEBB J.A. 1980 (unpubl.). Aspects of the palaeontology of Triassic continental sediments in south-east Queensland. PhD thesis, Department of Geology and Mineralogy, The University of Queensland, 1-2: 401 pp., 85 text figures, 15 tables, 33 plates.Google Scholar

  • WHITE M.E. 1963 (unpubl.). Report on 1962 plant fossil collections from the Great Artesian Basin. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics Record, 1963/35: 4 pp.Google Scholar

  • WHITE M.E. 1964 (unpubl.). 1963 plant fossil collections from Hughenden area, Great Artesian Basin. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics Record, 1964/64: 11 pp.Google Scholar

  • WHITE M.E. 1969 (unpubl.). Report on the 1968 collection of plant fossils from Surat and Clarence- Moreton Basins, Queensland. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics Record, 1969/57: 16 pp.Google Scholar

  • WHITE M.E. 1981. Cylomeia undulata (Burges) gen. et comb. nov., a lycopod of the Early Triassic strata of New South Wales. Rec. Aust. Mus., 33: 723-734.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • WHITMORE R.L. 1981. Coal in Queensland: the first fifty years. University of Queensland Press, Brisbane.Google Scholar

  • WHITMORE R.L. 1985. Coal in Queensland: the late nineteenth century, 1875 to 1900. University of Queensland Press, Brisbane.Google Scholar

  • YEATS T.H. & ROSE J.K.C. 2013. The formation and function of plant cuticles. Plant Physiology, 163: 5-20.Google Scholar

  • ZAMUNER A.B., ZAVATTIERI A.M., ARTABE A.E. & MOREL E.M. 2001. Paleobotánica: 143-184. In: Artabe A.E., Morel E.M. & Zamuner A.B. (eds), El Sistema Triásico en la Argentina. Fundación Museo de La Plata “Francisco Pascasio Moreno”, La Plata, Argentina.Google Scholar

  • ZHOU Z. 1997. Mesozoic ginkgoalean megafossils: a systematic review: 183-206. In: Hori T., Ridge R.W., Tulecke W., de Tredici P., Tremouillaux-Guiller J. & Tobe H. (eds), Ginkgo biloba, a global treasure, from biology to medicine. Springer-Verlag, Tokyo.Google Scholar

  • ZIJLSTRA G. 2014. Important changes in the rules of nomenclature, especially those relevant for palaeobotanists. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 207: 1-4. DOI: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2014.04.003 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Received: 2016-05-27

Accepted: 2016-09-27

Published Online: 2016-12-13

Published in Print: 2016-12-01


Citation Information: Acta Palaeobotanica, ISSN (Online) 2082-0259, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/acpa-2016-0008.

Export Citation

© by Gary A. Pattemore. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in