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Acta Pharmaceutica

The Journal of Croatian Pharmaceutical Society

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.288
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.600

CiteScore 2016: 1.55

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1846-9558
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Volume 57, Issue 1 (Mar 2007)

Issues

Synthesis and evaluation of anti-inflammatory, analgesic, ulcerogenic and lipid peroxidation properties of ibuprofen derivatives

Mohammad Amir
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry Faculty of Pharmacy, Hamdard University, New Delhi-110062, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Shikha Kumar
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry Faculty of Pharmacy, Hamdard University, New Delhi-110062, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2007-02-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10007-007-0003-y

Synthesis and evaluation of anti-inflammatory, analgesic, ulcerogenic and lipid peroxidation properties of ibuprofen derivatives

In order to reduce the ulcerogenic effect of ibuprofen, its carboxylic group has been converted into 5-membered heterocyclic rings. Various 1,3,4-oxadiazoles (3-8, 16-21), 1,2,4-triazoles (22-27), 1,3,4-thiadiazoles (28-30), and 1,2,4-triazine (9) derivatives of ibuprofen were prepared by cyclization of 2-(4-i-butylphenyl) propionic acid hydrazide (2) and N1-[2-(4-i-butylphenyl) propionyl]-N4-alkyl/arylthiosemicarbazides (10-15) under various reaction conditions. The cyclized derivatives were screened for their anti-inflammatory activity by the carrageenan induced rat paw edema method and showed 50 to 86% inhibition, whereas the standard drug ibuprofen showed 92% inhibition at the same oral dose. Five compounds, 7, 16, 18, 22 and 30 that showed more than 80% anti-inflammatory activity were selected to study their analgesic, ulcerogenic and lipid peroxidation activities. All the tested compounds showed a significant reduction in ulcerogenic activity compared to ibuprofen through the severity index 0.5 to 0.8, vs. ibuprofen 1.8. The compounds, that showed less ulcerogenic effect also produced less malondialdehyde content in gastric mucosa, which is one of the end products of lipid peroxidation. The results of biological studies showed that oxadiazole derivative 16 as the lead molecule with maximum anti-inflammatory, analgesic and minimum ulcerogenic and lipid peroxidation activities.

Keywords: ibuprofen derivatives; anti-inflammatory activity; ulcerogenicity; lipid peroxidation

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About the article


Published Online: 2007-02-28

Published in Print: 2007-03-01


Citation Information: Acta Pharmaceutica, ISSN (Online) 1846-9558, ISSN (Print) 1330-0075, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10007-007-0003-y.

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