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Acta Pharmaceutica

The Journal of Croatian Pharmaceutical Society

4 Issues per year


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1846-9558
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Volume 57, Issue 2 (Jun 2007)

Issues

Development and evaluation of carvedilol transdermal patches

Yuveraj Tanwar / Chetan Chauhan / Anshu Sharma
Published Online: 2007-05-16 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10007-007-0012-x

Development and evaluation of carvedilol transdermal patches

Transdermal patches of carvedilol with a HPMC-drug reservoir were prepared by the solvent evaporation technique. In this investigation, the membranes of Eudragit RL100 and Eudragit RS100 were cast to achieve controlled release of the drug. The prepared patches possessed satisfactory physicochemical characteristics. Thickness, mass and drug content were uniform in prepared batches. Moisture vapour transmission through the patches followed zero-order kinetics. In vitro permeation studies were performed using a K-C diffusion cell across hairless guinea pig skin and followed the super case II transport mechanism. The effects of non-ionic surfactants Tween 80 and Span 80 on drug permeation were studied. The nonionic surfactants in the patches increased the permeation rate, Span 80 exhibiting better enhancement relative to Tween 80. The patches were seemingly free of potentially hazardous skin irritation.

Development and evaluation of carvedilol transdermal patches

Metodom evaporacije otapala pripravljeni su transdermalni flasteri karvedilola s HPMC-lijek rezervoarom, s membranama od Eudragita RL100 i Eudragita RS100 koje kontroliraju oslobađanje. Flasteri su bili zadovoljavajućih fizičko-kemijskih svojstava, ujednačene debljine, mase i sadržaja ljekovite tvari. Prijelaz vlage i pare kroz flastere slijedio je kinetiku nultog reda. In vitro permeacija praćena je na koži zamorca pomoću K-C difuzijske Ćelije, a slijedila je super II transportni mehanizam. Također je ispitivan učinak neionizacijskih površinski aktivnih tvari Tween 80 i Span 80 na permeaciju karvedilola. Rezultati su pokazali da su obje površinski aktivne tvari povećale permeaciju, ali Span 80 više. Flasteri nisu nimalo uzrokovali iritaciju koše.

Keywords: carvedilol; transdermal patches; in vitro permeation; permeation rate

Keywords: karvedilol; transdermalni flasteri; in vitro permeacija; brzina permeacije

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About the article


Published Online: 2007-05-16

Published in Print: 2007-06-01


Citation Information: Acta Pharmaceutica, ISSN (Online) 1846-9558, ISSN (Print) 1330-0075, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10007-007-0012-x.

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