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Acta Pharmaceutica

The Journal of Croatian Pharmaceutical Society

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Volume 65, Issue 4


Facile heterocyclic synthesis and antimicrobial activity of polysubstituted and condensed pyrazolopyranopyrimidine and pyrazolopyranotriazine derivatives

Hend N. Hafez
  • Al-Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU) Faculty of Science Department of Chemistry P.O. Box 90950 Riyadh 11623 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Photochemistry Department (Heterocyclic and Nucleosides Unit) National Research Centre Cairo, Egypt
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Abdulrahman G. Alshammari
  • Al-Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU) Faculty of Science Department of Chemistry P.O. Box 90950 Riyadh 11623 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Abdel-Rhman B. A. El-Gazzar
  • Corresponding author
  • Al-Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU) Faculty of Science Department of Chemistry P.O. Box 90950 Riyadh 11623 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Photochemistry Department (Heterocyclic and Nucleosides Unit) National Research Centre Cairo, Egypt
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-12-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/acph-2015-0037


Reaction of 6-amino-3-methyl-4-(substituted phenyl)-1,4- dihydropyrano[2,3-c]pyrazole-5-carbonitrile (1) with triethylorthoformate followed by treatment with hydrazine hydrate, formic acid, acetic acid, phenylisocyanate, ammonium thiocyanate and formamide afforded the corresponding pyranopyrimidine derivatives 2-6. Cyclocondensation of 1 with cyclohexanone afforded pyrazolopyranoquinoline 7. One-pot process of diazotation and de-diazochlorination of 1 afforded pyrazolopyranotriazine derivative 8, which upon treatment with secondary amines afforded 9 and 10a- c. Condensation of 2 with aromatic aldehyde gave the corresponding Schiff bases 11a,b, the oxidative cyclization of the hydrazone with appropriate oxidant afforded 11-(4- fluorophenyl))- 2-(4-substituted phenyl)-10-methyl-8,11-dihydropyrazolo-[ 4’,3’:5,6]pyrano[3,2-e][1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyrimidines (12a,b). Structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed by spectral data and elemental analysis. All synthesized compounds were evaluated for antibacterial and antifungal activities compared to norfloxacin and fluconazole as standard drugs. Compounds 9, 10c, 12a and 15 were found to be the most potent antibacterial agents, with activity equal to that of norfloxacin. On the other hand, compound 5 exhibited higher antifungal activity compared to fluconazole.

Keywords: pyrazolopyranopyrimidine; pyrazolopyranotriazine; pyrazolopyranoquinoline; antimicrobial activity


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About the article

Accepted: 2014-12-22

Published Online: 2015-12-17

Published in Print: 2015-12-01

Citation Information: Acta Pharmaceutica, Volume 65, Issue 4, Pages 399–412, ISSN (Online) 1846-9558, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/acph-2015-0037.

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© by Abdel-Rhman B. A. El-Gazzar. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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