Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …


The Journal of Bird Watching and Bird Study Association of Slovenia - DOPPS Bird Life

4 Issues per year

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Bird Species Diversity of the Mitidja Plain (Northern Algeria) with Emphasis on the Dynamics of Invasive and Expanding Species

Djamel Bendjoudi / Haroun Chenchouni
  • Department of Natural and Life Sciences, Faculty of Exact Sciences and Natural and Life Sciences, University of Tebessa, DZ–12002 Tebessa, Algeria
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Salaheddine Doumandji
  • Department of Agricultural and Forestry Zoology, National High School of Agronomy – El Harrach, DZ–16200 Algiers, Algeria
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jean-François Voisin
Published Online: 2014-05-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/acro-2013-0002


This treatise investigates the poorly studied bird fauna of Mitidja Plain (Northern Algeria), with particular notes on the occurrence and expansion of new and alien species. Direct observations, supported by ornithological surveys carried out by Progressive Frequential Sampling (PFS), a version of a point count method, have allowed us to identify 125 bird species. These represent 31% of all species known from Algeria. The species recorded belong to 14 orders, 39 families and 37 genera. According to their biogeographic origins, 36 are Mediterranean, 32 Palearctic, 24 Holarctic, 17 European and 16 of European-Turkestani origin. The Mitidja Plain holds 60 resident-breeder species (48% of all registered species) and is a transit zone for many migratory species (summer and winter migrants constituting 20% and 14% of the total, respectively) and occasional visitors (RA = 12%). Among recently expanding species (introduced or local), the Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto and Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus, sampled by the spot-mapping method, experienced a very rapid population growth. The first observations of the former were made in 1996 in Algiers. Its numbers experienced a steep increase after 2002, starting from 5.75 pairs/10 ha to reach up to 31.5 pairs/10 ha in 2006. The same applies for the Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri, surveyed by direct-count at roosting sites. This species has been able to increase and reproduce since its first introduction into the wild in 1996. The increase in study species populations, especially the Rose-ringed Parakeet, may derive from good weather conditions that favoured the species through providing better feeding conditions, thus high reproduction outcomes.

Keywords: avian community; bird species diversity; alien species; expanding species; Streptopelia decaocto; Columba palumbus; Psittacula krameri; Mitidja Plain; Algeria

Ključne besede: ptičja združba; raznovrstnost ptičjih vrst; tujerodne vrste; ekspanzivne vrste; Streptopelia decaocto; Columba palumbus; Psittacula krameri; nižina Mitidja; Alžirija


  • Barnard, P. & Thuiller, W. (2008): Introduction. Global change and biodiversity: future challenges. - Biological Letters 4 (5): 553-555.Google Scholar

  • Bellatreche, M. (1994): [Ecology and biogeography of forest birds of Babors and Kabylie (Algeria).] PhD thesis. - University of Burgundy, Dijon. (in French) Bellatreche, M. (1999): Biological diversity and conservation: the case of the forest nest-building avifauna of the Kabylie des Babors in Algeria. - Wildlife and Nature 15: 37-48.Google Scholar

  • Bendjoudi, D. (2008): [Study of the avifauna of Mitidja.] PhD thesis. - National Agronomical Institute, El Harrach, Algiers. (in French) Bendjoudi, D., Voisin, J.F., Baziz, B. & Doumandji, S. (2005a): Premieres donnees sur la presence et l’extension de la Perruche a collier Psittacula krameri (Scopoli) (Aves, Psittacidae) en Algerie. - Ornithologia Algirica 5 (1): 26-35.Google Scholar

  • Bendjoudi, D., Voisin, J.F., Doumandji, S. & Baziz, B. (2005b): Installation de la Perruche a collier Psittacula krameri (Aves, Psittacidae) dans l’Algerois et premieres donnees sur son ecologie trophique dans cette region. - Alauda 73 (3): 329-334.Google Scholar

  • Bendjoudi, D., Doumandji, S. & Voisin, J.F. (2006): La Perruche a collier Psittacula krameri, nouvelle espece faisant partie de l’avifaune algerienne. 10th National Days of Ornithology, 6 March 2006. - National Agronomical Institute, El Harrach, Algiers.Google Scholar

  • Benyacoub, S. & Chabi, Y. (2000): Diagnose ecologique de l’avifaune du parc national d’El Kala. - Synthese 7: 1-98.Google Scholar

  • Benyacoub, S. (1998): La Tourterelle turque Streptopelia decaocto en Algerie. - Alauda 66 (3): 251-253.Google Scholar

  • Bergier, P., Franchimont, J. & Thevenot, M. (1999): Implantation et expansion geographique de deux especes de Columbides au Maroc: La Tourterelle turque Streptopelia decaocto et la Tourterelle maillee Streptopelia senegalensis. - Alauda 67 (1): 23-36.Google Scholar

  • Bergier, P., Franchimont, J., Thevenot, M. & la Commission d’homologation marocaine (2000): Les oiseaux rares au Maroc. Rapport de la Commission d’Homologation Marocaine. - Porphyrio 12 (6): 57-69.Google Scholar

  • Bibby, C.J., Burgess, N.D. & Hill, D.A. (1992): Bird census techniques. - Academic Press, London.Google Scholar

  • Biggs, R., Simons, H., Bakkenes, M., Scholes, R.J., Eickhout, B., Vuuren, D.V. & Alkemade, R. (2008): Scenarios of biodiversity loss in southern Africa in the 21st century. - Global Environmental Change 18 (2): 296-309.Google Scholar

  • Birdlife International (2004): Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12. - BirdLife International, Cambridge.Google Scholar

  • Blackburn, T.M. & Jeschke, J.M. (2009): Invasion success and threat status: two sides of a different coin? - Ecography 32 (1): 83-88.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Blackburn, T.M., Cassey, P. & Lockwood, J.L. (2008): The island biogeography of exotic bird species. - Global Ecology and Biogeography 17 (2): 246-251.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Blondel, J. (1975): L’analyse des peuplements d’oiseaux - elements d’un diagnostic Ecologique: La methode des echantillonnages frequentiels progressifs (E.F.P.). - Revue d’Ecologie (La Terre et la Vie) 29 (4): 533-589.Google Scholar

  • Blondel, J., David, P., Lepart, J. & Romane, F. (1978): L’avifaune du Mont-Ventoux, essai de synthese biogeographique et ecologique. - Revue d’Ecologie (La Terre et la Vie) 32, Suppl.: 111-145.Google Scholar

  • Blondel, J., Ferry, C. & Frochot, B. (1981): Point counts with unlimited distance. - Studies in Avian Biology 6: 414-420.Google Scholar

  • Bonter, D.N., Zuckerberg, B. & Dickinson, J.L. (2010): Invasive birds in a novel landscape: habitat associations and effects on established species. - Ecography 33 (3): 494-502.Google Scholar

  • Brotons, L. & Herrando, S. (2001): Factors affecting bird communities in fragments of secondary pine forests in the north-western Mediterranean basin. - Acta Oecologica 22 (1): 21−31.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Cherifi, T. (2003): [Bird diversity of Tamentit oasis (central Sahara).] Oral presentation at 7th ornithological conference, 10 March 2003. - National Agronomical Institute, El Harrach, Algiers. (in French) Google Scholar

  • Clergeau, P. & Vergnes, A. (2009): La Perruche a collier Psittacula krameri introduite en Ile-de-France: Dispersion et approche des impacts. - Report MNHN-ODBU, Paris.Google Scholar

  • Clergeau, P., Vergnes, A. & Delanque, R. (2009): La Perruche a collier Psittacula krameri introduite en Ile-de- France: Distribution et regime alimentaire. - Alauda 77 (2): 121-132.Google Scholar

  • Clouet, M. & Goar, J.L. (2003): L’avifaune de l’Adrar Tirharhar / Adrar des Iforas (Mali). - Alauda 71 (4): 469-474.Google Scholar

  • Doumandji, S. & Doumandji-Mitiche, B. (1992): Relations trophiques insects/oiseaux dans un parc du littoral algerois (Algerie). - Alauda 40 (4): 274-275.Google Scholar

  • Eraud, C., Boutin, J.-M., Roux, D. & Faivre, B. (2007): Spatial dynamics of an invasive bird species assessed using robust design occupancy analysis: the case of the Eurasian collared dove (Streptopelia decaocto) in France. - Journal of Biogeography 34 (6): 1077-1086.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Farina, A. (1995): Distribution and dynamics of birds in a rural sub-Mediterranean landscape. - Landscape and Urban Planning 31 (1/2/3): 269-280.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Fellous, A. (1990): [Contribution to the study of the avifauna of the national park of Theniet-El-Had (W. Tissemsilt).] Engineer dissertation. - National Agronomical Institute, El Harrach, Algiers. (in French) Google Scholar

  • Fellous, A., Moulai, R. & Jacob, J.P. (2005): Introduction et nidification de la Perruche a collier (Psittacula krameri) en Algerie. - Aves 42 (3): 272-277.Google Scholar

  • Fujisaki, I., Pearlstine, E.V. & Mazzotti, F.J. (2010): The rapid spread of invasive Eurasian Collared Doves Streptopelia decaocto in the continental USA follows human-altered habitats. - Ibis 152 (3): 622-632.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Guezoul, O., Chenchouni, H., Sekour, M., Ababsa, L., Souttou, K. & Doumandji, S. (2013): An Avifaunal Survey of Mesic Manmade Ecosystems “Oases” in Algerian Hot-Hyperarid Lands. - Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 20 (1): 37-43.Google Scholar

  • Hadjiedj, A., Chaline, C., Dubois-Maury, J. & Djedouani, S. (2003): Alger, les nouveaux defis de l’urbanisation. - Ed. University of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene, Algiers.Google Scholar

  • Isenmann, P. & Moali, A. (2000): Oiseaux d’Algerie - Birds of Algeria. - French Society of Ornithological Studies, MNHN, Paris.Google Scholar

  • Isenmann, P., Gaultier, Th., El Hilli, A., Azafzaf, H., Dlensi, H. & Smart, M. (2005): Oiseaux de Tunisie - Birds of Tunisia. - French Society of Ornithological Studies, MNHN, Paris.Google Scholar

  • IUCN (2012): The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1 - [www.iucnredlist.org], 4/10/2012.Google Scholar

  • Julliard, R. & Jiguet, F. (2005): Statut de conservation en 2003 des oiseaux communs nicheurs en France selon 15 ans de programme Stoc. - Alauda 73 (4): 345-356.Google Scholar

  • Khuroo, A.A., Reshi, Z.A., Rashid, I. & Dar, G.H. (2011): Towards an integrated research framework and policy agenda on biological invasions in the developing world: A case-study of India. - Environmental Research 111 (7): 999-1006.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ledant, J.-P., Jacob, J.-P., Jacobs, P., Malher, F., Ochando, B. & Roche, J. (1981): Mise a jour de l’avifaune algerienne. - Le Gerfaut-De-Giervalk 71: 295-398.Google Scholar

  • Lindenmayer, D.B. & Cunningham, R.B. (2011): Longitudinal patterns in bird reporting rates in a threatened ecosystem: Is change regionally consistent? - Biological Conservation 144 (1): 430-440.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Mack, R.N., Simberloff, D., Lonsdale, W.M., Evans, H., Clout, M. & Bazzaz, F.A. (2000): Biotic invasions: causes, epidemiology, global consequences, and control. - Ecological Applications 10 (3): 689-710.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • MacLeod, R., Herzog, S.K., Maccormick, A., Ewing, S.R., Bryce, R. & Evans, K. (2011): Rapid monitoring of species abundance for biodiversity conservation: Consistency and reliability of the MacKinnon lists technique. - Biological Conservation 144 (5): 1374-1381.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Magurran, A.E., Baillie, S.R., Buckland, S.T., Dick, J.M., Elston, D.A., Scott, E.M., Smith, R.I., Somerfield P.J. & Watt, A.D. (2010): Long-term datasets in biodiversity research and monitoring: assessing change in ecological communities through time. - Trends in Ecology and Evolution 25 (10): 574-582.Google Scholar

  • Meddour-Sahar, O., Meddour, R. & Derridj, A. (2008): Analyse des feux de forets en Algerie sur le temps long (1876-2007). - Les Notes d’analyse du CIHEAM 39: 11.Google Scholar

  • Miles, J. (1998): Pharaoh’s Birds. A guide to ancient and present day birds in Egypt. - The American University in Cairo Press, Cairo.Google Scholar

  • Mostefai, N. (1997): [Test of ecological analysis of the avifauna of Moutas hunting reserve (Tlemcen, Algeria).] Oral presentation at 2nd ornithological conference, 15-17 March 1997. - National Agronomical Institute, El Harrach, Algiers. (in French) Google Scholar

  • Moulai, R. (1997): [Composition, structure and dynamics of bird populations of Hamma Garden (Algiers) and essay for estimating populations of Commun starling Sturnus vulgaris (Linnaeus, 1758) (Aves, Sturnidae) in their dormitories.] Google Scholar

  • MSc thesis. - National Agronomical Institute, El Harrach, Algiers. (in French) NOM (2008): [Meteorological records of the National Office of Meteorology.] - Ed. National Office of Meteorology (NOM), Dar El-Beida, Algiers. (in French) Google Scholar

  • Normander, B., Levin, G., Auvinen, A.-P., Bratli, H., Stabbetorp, O., Hedblom, M., Glimskar, A. & Gudmundsson, A.G. (2012): Indicator framework for measuring quantity and quality of biodiversity - Exemplified in the Nordic countries. - Ecological Indicators 13 (1): 104-116.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Pithon, J.A. & Dytham, C. (1999): Census of the British population of Ring-necked Parakeet Psittacula krameri by simultaneous roost counts. - Bird Study 46 (1): 112-115.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Pithon, J.A. & Dytham, C. (2002): Distribution and population development of introduced Ring-necked Parakeets Psittacula krameri in Britain between 1983 and 1998. - Bird Study 49 (2): 110-117.Google Scholar

  • Santos, T., Tellerıia, J.L. & Carbonell, R. (2002): Bird conservation in fragmented Mediterranean forests of Spain: effects of geographical location, habitat and landscape degradation. - Biological Conservation 105 (1): 113-125.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Şekercioğlu, C.H. (2012): Promoting community-based bird monitoring in the tropics: Conservation, research, environmental education, capacity-building, and local incomes. - Biological Conservation 151 (1): 69-73.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Selmi, S. (2000): Donnees nouvelles sur les avifaunes des oasis du Sud Tunisien. - Alauda 68 (3): 201-212.Google Scholar

  • Si Bachir, A., Ferrah, F, Barbraud, C., Cereghino, R. & Santoul, F. (2011): The recent expansion of an avian invasive species (the Cattle Egret Ardea ibis) in Algeria. - Journal of Arid Environments 75 (11):1232-1236.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sirami, C., Brotons, L., Burfield, I., Fonderflick, J. & Martin, J.-L. (2008): Is land abandonment having an impact on biodiversity? A meta-analytical approach to bird distribution changes in the north-western Mediterranean. - Biological Conservation 141 (2): 450-459.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Soh, M.C.K., Sodhi, N.S.S., Seoh, R.K.H. & Brook, B.W. (2002): Nest site selection of the house crow (Corvus splendens), an urban invasive bird species in Singapore and implications for its management. - Landscape and Urban Planning 59 (4): 217-226.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Strubbe, D. & Matthysen, E. (2007): Invasive Ringnecked Parakeets Psittacula krameri in Belgium: habitat selection and impact on native birds. - Ecography 30 (4): 578-588.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Strubbe, D. & Matthysen, E. (2009): Experimental evidence for nest-site competition between invasive ring-necked parakeets (Psittacula krameri) and native nuthatches (Sitta europaea). - Biological Conservation 142 (8): 1588-1594.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Suarez-Seoanea, S., Osborne, P.E. & Baudry, J. (2002): Responses of birds of different biogeographic origins and habitat requirements to agricultural land abandonment in northern Spain. - Biological Conservation 105 (3): 333-344.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Tamara, K. & Arnhem, R. (1996): Perruches a collier (Psittacula krameri) victimes des conditions climatiques en region bruxelloise. - Aves 33: 128-129.Google Scholar

  • Thevenot, M. (1991): Les oiseaux des forets de chene-liege du Maroc. pp. 197-233 In: Villemant, C. & Fraval, A. (eds.): La faune du Chene liege. - Actes Editions Inst. Agro. Vet. Hassan II, Rabat.Google Scholar

  • Voous, K.H. (1960): Atlas of European Birds. - Nelson, Amsterdam, London. Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2012-05-21

Accepted: 2014-02-24

Published Online: 2014-05-27

Published in Print: 2013-06-01

Citation Information: Acrocephalus, Volume 34, Issue 156-157, Pages 13–26, ISSN (Online) 0351-2851, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/acro-2013-0002.

Export Citation

© by Djamel Bendjoudi. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Abdelkrim Ait Belkacem, Oliver Gast, Heiko Stuckas, David Canal, Mario LoValvo, Gabriele Giacalone, and Martin Päckert
Ecology and Evolution, 2016, Volume 6, Number 15, Page 5190
Djamel Bendjoudi, Jean-François Voisin, Salaheddine Doumandji, Amel Merabet, Nassima Benyounes, and Haroun Chenchouni
Avian Research, 2015, Volume 6, Number 1

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in