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Acta Chimica Slovaca

The Journal of Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava

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1337-978X
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New inhibitors of glucosylceramide synthase and their effect on cell fate

Katarína Turáková
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Radlinského 9, 812 37 Bratislava, Slovak Republic
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  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Boris Lakatoš
  • Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Radlinského 9, 812 37 Bratislava, Slovak Republic
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Andrej Ďuriš
  • Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Radlinského 9, 812 37 Bratislava, Slovak Republic
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Daniela Moravčíková
  • Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Radlinského 9, 812 37 Bratislava, Slovak Republic
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Dušan Berkeš
  • Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Radlinského 9, 812 37 Bratislava, Slovak Republic
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-12-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/acs-2014-0017

Abstract

Glucosylceramide (GlcCer) is an essential glycosylated lipid found in organisms ranging from fungi to mammals. It is composed of a hydrophilic β-linked glucose and a hydrophobic ceramide, with a predominant content of sphingosine in mammals (d18:1). GlcCer is the precursor of a large scale of different glycosphingolipids. This cerebrozide is synthesized from uridine diphosphate-glucose and ceramide by a GlcCer synthase (UDP-glucose:ceramide glucosyltransferase; UGCG, EC 2.4.1.80). GlcCer-based sphingolipids have been identified as important mediators of a variety of cellular functions and their disequilibrium leads to pathological process development and may induce several diseases progression. Therefore, design of UGCG inhibitor represents an important topic for pharmaceutical research. In this paper, we aimed to study effects of newly synthesized derivatives of (±)-threo-1-phenyl-2-palmitoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol (PPMP, known UGCG inhibitor) on: i) activity of UGCG in vitro; ii) thymocytes viability; iii) calcium transport through plasma membrane of thymocytes; iv) induction of apoptosis and autophagy in thymocytes. Thymocytes were isolated from thymus of three to seven weeks old mice (ICR strain). The key factors influencing the effect of PPMP analogues were their concentration, chemical structure and incubation time. Derivatives were able to change Ca2+ transport already after 15 min of cultivation, but their effects on cell viability were manifested at least after 12 h of cultivation. Four from fifteen studied compounds affected UGCG activity after four hour lasting cultivation, - but without correlation with data relating to effects on calcium transport and/or cell viability. Most potent UGCG inhibitor was chosen and applied for induction of apoptosis and autophagy in thymocytes. This inhibitor induced typical DNA fragmentation and upregulation of LC3B protein as autophagy marker, after 2 h and 4 h cultivation, respectively.

Keywords: Ceramide; glucosyceramide synthase; glycosphingolipids; cell death

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About the article

Published Online: 2014-12-20

Published in Print: 2014-10-01


Citation Information: Acta Chimica Slovaca, ISSN (Online) 1337-978X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/acs-2014-0017.

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© Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava . This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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