Advances in Calculus of Variations
Managing Editor: Duzaar, Frank / Kinnunen, Juha
Editorial Board Member: Armstrong, Scott N. / Astala, Kari / Colding, Tobias / Dacorogna, Bernard / Dal Maso, Gianni / DiBenedetto, Emmanuele / Fonseca, Irene / Finster, Felix / Gianazza, Ugo / Gursky, Matthew / Hardt, Robert / Ishii, Hitoshi / Kristensen, Jan / Manfredi, Juan / Martell, Jose Maria / McCann, Robert / Mingione, Giuseppe / Nystrom, Kaj / Pacard, Frank / Preiss, David / Riviére, Tristan / Schaetzle, Reiner / Silvestre, Luis
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On steady flows of incompressible fluids with implicit power-law-like rheology
We consider steady flows of incompressible fluids with power-law-like rheology given by an implicit constitutive equation relating the Cauchy stress and the symmetric part of the velocity gradient in such a way that it leads to a maximal monotone (possibly multivalued) graph. Such a framework includes standard Navier–Stokes and power-law fluids, Bingham fluids, Herschel–Bulkley fluids, and shear-rate dependent fluids with discontinuous viscosities as special cases. We assume that the fluid adheres to the boundary.
Using tools such as the Young measures, properties of spatially dependent maximal monotone operators and Lipschitz approximations of Sobolev functions, we are able to extend the results concerning large data existence of weak solutions to those values of the power-law index that are of importance from the point of view of engineering and physical applications.
Keywords.: Incompressible fluid; power-law fluid; implicit constitutive equation; discontinuous viscosity; weak solution; existence; large data; Lipschitz approximations of Sobolev functions; Young measures
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