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Acta Veterinaria

The Journal of University of Belgrade

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1820-7448
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Morphological, Biochemical And Hematological Characterization Of Endangered Balkan Donkey Breed

MORFOMETRIJSKA, BIOHEMIJSKA I HEMATOLOŠKA KARAKTERIZACIJA UGROŽENE RASE BALKANSKI MAGARAC

STANIŠIĆ Ljubodrag
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Belgrade, Bul. Oslobodjenja 18, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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/ DIMITRIJEVIĆ Vladimir
  • Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, University of Belgrade, Bul. Oslobodjenja 18, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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/ SIMEUNOVIĆ Predrag
  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Belgrade, Bul. Oslobodjenja 18, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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/ LAKIĆ Nada
  • Department of Statistics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade, Nemanjina 6, 11080 Belgrade, Serbia
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/ RADOVIĆ Ivica
  • Civil Protection and Environment Protection Studies Department, Faculty of Security Studies, University of Belgrade, Gospodara Vucica 50, 11040 Belgrade, Serbia
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/ IVANKOVIĆ Ante
  • Department of Animal Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb, Svetosimunska cesta 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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/ STEVANOVIĆ Jevrosima
  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Belgrade, Bul. Oslobodjenja 18, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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/ STANIMIROVIĆ Zoran
  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Belgrade, Bul. Oslobodjenja 18, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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Published Online: 2015-03-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/acve-2015-0010

Abstract

The aim of the study was to establish morphometric, biochemical and hematological values for the endangered Balkan donkey breed (Serbia) and to explore the possible age dependence of the parameters tested. Inter-breed similarity of morphometric parameters was assessed by comparing the data obtained for the Balkan donkey with morphometric measurements of several previously characterized domestic donkey breeds. The study population included 74 donkeys, divided in two age groups (group A ≤ 3 years; group B > 3 years). In total, 18 morphometric, 13 hematological and 14 biochemical parameters were assessed. Significant morphometric differences (p<0.05) in body length, head length, chest circumference and body weight were found between the two age groups. Significant differences in morphological parameters were revealed among the Balkan donkey and other donkey breeds (Catalonian, Croatian and Albanian), but results of cluster analysis demonstrated the smallest distance between the Balkan donkey and Albanian donkeys. The results of morphometric analyses showed consistency of the obtained values within the breed, and diversity as compared to other donkey breeds, and, thus, could be taken as referent for the Balkan donkey. Hematological and biochemical profiles obtained for the Balkan donkey were consistent with previous reports and within the recommended reference ranges. White blood cell, mid cell and granulocyte counts, showed significantly higher (p<0.05) values in donkeys under 3 years of age, while the only biochemical parameter affected by age was alkaline phosphatase. The information gained through characterization of the Balkan donkey breed provides a basis for conservation and development of the breed standard.

Cilj ovog rada bio je utvđivanje morfometrijskih, biohemijskih i hematoloških vrednosti rase balkanski magarac iz Srbije, kao i ispitivanje uticaja starosti na testirane parametre. Dobijeni morfometrijski podaci za balkanskog magarca upoređeni su sa dostupnim morfometrijskim vrednostima prethodno okarakterisanih rasa magaraca u cilju utvrđivanja sličnosti. Istraživanjem je obuhvaćeno 74 magarca, podeljenih u dve starosne grupe (grupa A ≤ 3 godine; grupa B> 3 godine). Analizirano je 18 morfometrijskih, 13 hematoloških i 14 biohemijskih parametara. Između dve starosne grupe utvrđene su značajne morfometrijske razlike (p<0.05) u dužini tela i glave, obimu grudi i telesnoj težini. Između balkanskog magarca i drugih ispitivanih rasa (katalonski, hrvatski i albanski) utvrđene su značajne razlike u morfološkim parametrima. Klaster analiza telesnih mera ukazala je na najmanju udaljenost između balkanskog magarca i albanskih magaraca. Rezultati morfometrijskih analiza balkanskog magarca ukazali su na konzistentnost dobijenih vrednosti u okviru ove rase i razlike u odnosu na druge rase magaraca. Stoga se dobijene vrednosti mogu uzeti kao referentne za balkanskog magarca. Hematološki i biohemijski profili dobijeni za balkanskog magarca su u skladu sa ranijim izveštajima i unutar preporučenih referentnih vrednosti. Broj granulocita, belih krvnih i MID ćelija su pokazali značajno veće (p<0.05) vrednosti kod magaraca ispod 3 godine starosti, dok je alkalna fosfataza jedini biohemijski parametar pod uticajem starosti. Sprovedena morfometrijska, hematološka i biohemijska karakterizacija balkanskog magarca pruža osnov za očuvanje i razvoj standarda ove rase.

Keywords: Breed characterization; blood parameters; Balkan donkey; morphological measures

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About the article

Published Online: 2015-03-20

Published in Print: 2015-03-01


Citation Information: Acta Veterinaria, Volume 65, Issue 1, Pages 125–136, ISSN (Online) 1820-7448, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/acve-2015-0010.

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© STANIŠIĆ Ljubodrag, DIMITRIJEVIĆ Vladimir, SIMEUNOVIĆ Predrag, LAKIĆ Nada, RADOVIĆ Ivica, IVANKOVIĆ Ante, STEVANOVIĆ Jevrosima, STANIMIROVIĆ Zoran. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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