Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details

Archives of Environmental Protection

The Journal of Institute of Environmental Engineering and Committee of Environmental Engineering of Polish Academy of Sciences

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR increased in 2015: 0.919

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.327
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.680
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 0.746

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2083-4810
See all formats and pricing

Physico-Chemical Parameters Determining the Variability of Actually and Potentially Available Fractions of Heavy Metals in Fluvial Sediments of the Middle Odra River

Aleksandra Ibragimow
  • Corresponding author
  • Adam Mickiewicz University, Polish-German Research Institute in Collegium Polonicum, Kościuszki 1, 69-100 Słubice, Poland
  • Email:
/ Barbara Walna
  • Adam Mickiewicz University, Jeziory Ecological Station, P.O. Box 40, 62-050 Mosina, Poland
/ Marcin Siepak
  • Adam Mickiewicz University, Institute of Geology, Department of Hydrogeology and Water Protection, Maków Polnych 16, 61-606 Poznań, Poland
Published Online: 2013-07-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/aep-2013-0012

Abstract

The occurrence of heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn) has been determined in the fluvial sediment samples collected along three transects in the Middle Odra River (western Poland) with a width of 360 m. The total concentrations of the metals were obtained after HNO3 microwave digestion and the available fractions of heavy metals were determined by single extraction procedures using two extractants: 0.01M CaCl2 and 0.05M EDTA. The measurement of physico-chemical parameters was also performed. The determination of total and available fractions of heavy metals, except potential available fractions of Cr, revealed high concentrations of studied elements detected in the sediment samples characterized by high content of coarse and very coarse-grained sand fraction and high content of organic matter. It was found that the concentrations of total and available fractions of metals could increase along with the content of organic matter, Eh values and concentrations of H+. Apart from the above, those concentrations become the lowest, the higher the content of medium grain size fractions is. Furthermore, the amounts of CaCl2 and EDTA extractable metals increase in the sediments samples characterized by the lowest total and available concentrations of heavy metals.

Keywords : Heavy metals; available fractions; single extraction; the Odra River

  • [1] Alloway, B.J. (Ed.) (1995). Heavy metals in soils, 2nd Edition. Blackie, Glasgow 1995.

  • [2] Amiard, J.C. (1992). Bioavailability of sediment - bound metals for benthic aquatic organisms. In J.P. Vernet (Ed.), Impact of heavy metals on the environment (pp. 183-202). Elsevier, Amsterdam 1992.

  • [3] Antoniadis, V., Robinson, J.S., & Alloway, B.J. (2008). Effect of short-term pH fluctuations on cadmium, nickel, lead, and zinc availability to ryegrass in a sewage sludge-amended field, Chemosphere, 71, 759-764.

  • [4] Aslibekian, O., & Moles, R. (2003). Environmetal risk assessment of metals contaminated soil at Silvermines abandonem mine site, co tipperary, Ireland, Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 25, 247-266.

  • [5] Baborowski, M., Büttner, O., Morgenstern, P., Krüger, F., Lobe, I., Rupp, H., & Tümpling, V.W. (2007). Spatial and temporal variability of sediment deposition on artificial-lawn traps in a floodplain of the River Elbe, Environmental Pollution, 148, 770-778.

  • [6] Beckett, P.H.T. (1989). The use of extractants in studies on trace metals in soils, sewage, sludges and sludgetreated soil, Advance in Soil Science, 9, 143-176.

  • [7] Bojakowska, I., & Sokołowska G. (20013). Changes of cadmium, zinc and lead content in river sediments from the Upper Silesia area in 1991-2000. Zeszyty Naukowe, Górnictwo, Politechnika Śląska, 248, 27-32 (In Polish).

  • [8] Boszke, L., Sobczyński, T., Głosińska, G., Kowalski, A., & Siepak, J. (2004). Distribution of Mercury and Other Heavy Metals in Bottom Sediments of the Middle Odra River (Germany/Poland), Polish Journal ofEnvironmental Studies, 13, 495-502.

  • [9] Cappuyns, V., & Swennen R. (2007). Classification of alluvial soils according to their potential environmental risk: a case study for Belgian catchments, Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 9, 319-328.

  • [10] Ciszewski, D. (2006). Accumulation of sediment-associated heavy metals within channelized reach of the Odra river, spatial distribution, changes in time, potential environmental hazard. Instytut Ochrony Przyrody, Polska Akademia Nauk, Kraków (In Polish).

  • [11] Conesa, H.M., María-Cervantes, A., Álvarez-Rogel, J., & González-Alcaraz, M.N. (2011). Influence of soil properties on trace element availability and plant accumulation in a Mediterranean salt marsh polluted by mining wastes: implications for phytomanagement, Science of the Total Environment, 409, 4470-4479.

  • [12] De Vries, W., & Groenenberg, J.E. (2009). Evaluation of approaches to calculate critical metal loads for forest soils, Environmental Pollution, 157, 3422-3432.

  • [13] Du Laing, G., Vanthuyne, D.R.J., Vandecasteele, B., Tack, F.M.G., & Verloo, M.G. (2007) Influence of hydrological regime on pore water metal concentrations in a contaminated sediment-derived soil, Environmental Pollution, 147, 615-625.

  • [14] Du Laing, G., Rinklebe, J., Vandecastelle, B., Meers, E., & Tack, F.M (2008). Trace metal behavior in estuarine and river floodplain soils and sediments: A review, Science of the Total Environment, 407, 3972-3985.

  • [15] Elzahabi, M., & Yong, R.N. (2001). pH influence on sorption characteristics of heavy metal in the vadose zone. Engineering Geologists, 60, 61-68.

  • [16] EPA METHOD 3050B. Acid digestion of sediments, sludges, and soils.

  • [17] Fernández-Calviño, D., Pateiro-Moure, M., Nóvoa-Muñoz, J.C., Garrido-Rodríguez, B., & Arias-Estévez, M. (2012). Zinc distribution and acid-base mobilisation in vineyard soils and sediments, Science of the TotalEnvironment, 414, 470-479.

  • [18] Frankowski, M., Zioła-Frankowska, A., Kowalski, A., & Siepak, J. (2009). Fractionation of heavy metals in bottom sediments using Tessier procedure, Environmental Earth Sciences, DOI10.1007, 12665-009-0258-3.

  • [19] Frankowski, M., Siepak, M., Zioła, A., Novotny, K., Vaculovic, T., & Siepak, J. (2009). Vertical distribution of heavy metals in grain size fractions in sedimentary rocks: Mosina Krajkowo water well field, Poznań, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 155, 493-507.

  • [20] Gambrell, R.P. (1994). Trace and toxic metals in wetlands - a review, Journal of Environmental Quality, 23, 883-891.

  • [21] Helios-Rybicka, E., Adamiec, E., Aleksander, U., Budek, L., Łagan, Ł., Wójcik, R., Strzebońska, M., & Wardas, M. (2001). Chemical speciation, accumulation and mobilisation of heavy metals in suspended matter and bottom sediments of the Odra River System and their tributaries. International Odra Project - Final Report 2001. University Hamburg, Hamburg 2001.

  • [22] Houba, V.J.G., Temminghoff, E.J.M., Gaikhorst, G.A., & Van Vark, W. (2000). Soil analysis procedures using 0,01 M calcium chloride as extraction reagent, Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 31, 1299-1396.

  • [23] Iu, K.L., Pulford, I.D., & Duncan, H.J. (1981). Influence of waterlogging and lime or organic matter additions on the distribution of trace metals in an acid soil. Part I: Manganese and iron, Plant Soil, 59, 317-326.

  • [24] Karczewska, A. (2002). Heavy metals in soils polluted with emissions from copper Works. Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolniczej we Wrocławiu: Wrocław (In Polish).

  • [25] Kashem, M.A., & Singh, B.R. (2001). Metal availability in contaminated soils: I. Effects of flooding and organic matter on changes in Eh, pH and solubility of Cd, Ni and Zn, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 61, 247-255.

  • [26] Kersten, M., & Fürster, U. (1989). Speciation of trace elements in sediments. In G.E. Batley (Ed.), Trace metals speciation analytical methods and problems. CRC Press, Florida, Boca Raton 1989.

  • [27] Kowalski, A., Siepak, M., Frankowski, M., Zioła, A., & Siepak, J. (2007). Determination of merkury in sedimentary rock Samales Rusing cold vapour atomic fluorescence spectrometry, Oceanological andHydrobiological Studies, 36, 1-11.

  • [28] Lakanen, E., & Erviö R. (1971). A comparison of eight extractants for the determination of plant available micronutrients in soils, Acta Agralia Fennica, 128, 223-232.

  • [29] Lopez-Sanchez, J.F., Sahuguillo, A., Rauret, G., Lachica, M., Barachona, E., Gomez, A., Ure, A.M., Muntan, H., & Quevauviller, Ph. (2002). Extraction procedures for soil analysis. In Ph. Quevauviller (Ed.), Methodologies for soil and sediment fractionation studies. Single and sequential extraction procedure (pp. 28-65). The Royal Society of Chemistry, Brussel 2002.

  • [30] Luoma, S.N. (1995). Prediction of metal toxicity in nature from bioassays: limitations and research needs. In A. Tessier & D.R. Turner (Eds.), Metal speciation and bioavailability in aquatic systems (pp. 609-646). Wiley and Sons, Chichester 1995.

  • [31] Martin, C.W. (1997). Heavy metal concentrations in floodplain surface soils, Lahn River, Germany, Environmental Geology, 30, 119-125. [Crossref]

  • [32] McBride, M.B. (1994). Environmental chemistry of soils. Oxford University Press: New York 1994.

  • [33] McGrath, S.P. & Loveland, P.J. (1992). The Soil Geochemical Atlas of England and Wales. Blackie, Glasgow 1992.

  • [34] McLaughlin, M.J., Zarcinas, B.A., Stevens, D.P., & Cook, N. (2000). Soil testing for heavy metals, Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 31, 1661-1700. [Crossref]

  • [35] Navratil, T., Rohovec, J., & Zak, K. (2008). Floodplain sediments of the 2002 catastrophic flood at the Vltava (Moldau) River and its tributaries: mineralogy, chemical composition, and post sedimentary evolution, Environmental Geology, 56, 399-412.

  • [36] Nriagu, J.O., Wong, H.K.T., Lawson, G., & Daniel P. (1998). Saturation of ecosystems with toxic metals in the Sudbury basin, Ontario, Canada, Science of the Total Environment, 223, 99-117.

  • [37] Peijnenburg, W.J.G.M., Zablotskaja, M., & Vijver, M.G. (2007). Monitoring metals in terrestrial environments within a bioavailability framework and a focus on soil extraction, Ecotoxicology andEnvironmental Safety, 67, 163-179.

  • [38] PN-ISO 3310-1:2000. Test sieves - Technical requirements and testing - Part 1: Test sieves of metal wire cloth (In Polish).

  • [39] PN-ISO 10693:2002. Soil quality - Determination of carbonate - volumetric method (In Polish).

  • [40] PN ISO 11277:2005. Soil Quality - Determination of particle size distribution in mineral soil material - method by sieving and sedimentation (In Polish).

  • [41] Podlesakova, E., Nemecek, J., & Vacha, R. (2001). Mobility and bioavailability of trace elements in soils. Trace Elements. In I.K. Iskandar & Kirkham. M.B. (Eds.), Soil Bioavailability, Flux and Transfer (pp. 21-42). CRC Press, Florida, Boca Raton 2001.

  • [42] Quevauviller, Ph. (Ed.). SM&T Activities in support of standardization of operationally-defined extraction procedures for soil and sediment analysis. In Ph. Quevauviller (Ed.), Methodologies for soil and sediment fractionation studies. Single and sequential extraction procedure (pp. 10-27). The Royal Society of Chemistry, Brussel 2002.

  • [43] Reddy, K.R., & Graetz, D.A. (1988). Carbon and nitrogen dynamics in wetland soils. In D.D. Hook (Ed.), The Ecology and Management of Wetlands. Timber Press, Portland 1988.

  • [44] Sahuquillo, A., Lopez-Sanchez, J.F., Rauret, G., Ure, A.M., Muntau, H., & Quevauviller, Ph. (2002). Sequential extraction procedures for sediment analysis. In Ph. Quevauviller (Ed.), Methodologies for soil and sediment fractionation studies. Single and sequential extraction procedure (pp. 10-27). The Royal Society of Chemistry, Brussel 2002.

  • [45] Schipper, A.M., Wijnhoven, S., Leuven, R.S.E.W., Ragas, A.M.J., & Hendriks, A.J. (2008). Spatial distribution and internal metal concentrations of terrestrial arthropods in a moderately contaminated lowland floodplain along the Rhine River, Environmental Pollution, 151, 17-26.

  • [46] Schipper, A.M., Lotterman, K., Leuven, R.S., Ragas, A.M., De Kroon, H., & Hendriks A.J. (2011). Plant communities in relation to flooding and soil contamination in a lowland Rhine River floodplain, Environmental Pollution, 159, 182-189.

  • [47] Singh, S. P., Tack, F.M., & Verloo, M.G. (1998). Heavy metal fractionation and extractability in dredged sediment derived surface soils, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 1021, 313-328.

  • [48] Słowik, M., Młynarczyk, Z., Sobczyński, T. (2011). Mobility of chromium and lead originating from weaving industry: Implications for relative dating of lowland river floodplain deposits (The Obra River, Poland), Archives of Environmental Protection, 37, 131-150.

  • [48] Soil Survey Staff, Keys to Soi l Taxonomy. 10th Edn., US. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service: Washington DC, 2006.

  • [49] Szegedi, S. (2007). Heavy metals loads in the soil of Debrecen, AGD Landscape & Environment, 1, 57-67.

  • [50] Tack, F.M.G., & Verloo, M.G. (1999). Single wxtractions versus sequential extraction for the wstimation of heavy metal fractions in reduced and oxidized dredged sediments, Chemical Speciation andBioavailability, 11, 43-50.

  • [51] Templeton, D.M., Ariese, F., Cornelis, R., Danielsson, L.G., Muntau, H., Van Leeuwen, H.P., & Lobinski R. (2000). Guidelines for terms related to chemical speciation and fractionation of elements. Definitions, structural aspects, and methodological approaches, Pure and Applied Chemistry, 72, 1453-1470.

  • [52] Thonon, I. (2006). Deposition of sediment and associated heavy metals on floodplains, NetherlandsGeographical Studies, 337, 174.

  • [53] Tills, A.R., & Alloway, B.J. (2006). An appraisal of currently used soil tests for available copper with reference to deficiencies in English soils. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 34, 1190-1196.

  • [54] Van den Berg, G.A., Loch, J.P.G., Van der Heijdt, L.M., & Zwolsman, J.J.G. (2000). Redox processes in recent sediments of the river Meuse, The Netherlands. Biogeochemistry, 48, 217-235.

  • [55] Van Gestel, C.A.M (2008). Physico-chemical and biological parameters determining metal bioavailability in soils, Science of the Total Environment, 406, 387-392.

  • [56] Walna, B., Spychalski, W., & Ibragimow, A. (2010). Fractionation of iron and manganese in the horizons of a nutrient-poor forest soil profile using the sequential extraction method, Polish Journal of EnvironmentalStudies, 19, 1029-1037.

  • [57] Wennrich, R., Morgenstern, P., Möder, M., Popp, P., Paschke, & A., Vrana B. (2001). Chemical Characterization of Theisenschlamm. In B. Daus & H. Weiß (Eds.). Fine-grained residues from copper smelting and their environmental impacts. UFZ-Bericht No 22, Leipzig 2001.

  • [58] Wyżga, B., & Ciszewski, D. (2009). Hydraulic controls on the entrapment of heavy metal polluted sediments on a floodplain of variable width, the upper Vistula River, southern Poland. Geomorphology, 117, 272-286.

  • [59] Zeng, X.W., Ma, L.Q., Qiu, R.L., & Tang, Y.T. (2011). Effects of Zn on plant tolerance and non-protein thiol accumulation in Zn hyperaccumulator Arabis paniculata, Franch, Environmental and ExperimentalBotany, 70, 227-232.

About the article

Published Online: 2013-07-06

Published in Print: 2013-06-01


Citation Information: Archives of Environmental Protection, ISSN (Online) 2083-4810, ISSN (Print) 2083-4772, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/aep-2013-0012. Export Citation

This content is open access.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in