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Acta Facultatis Educationis Physicae Universitatis Comenianae

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Effect of 3-Months Home-Based Exercise Program on Changes of Cognitive Functioning in Older Adults Living in Old People’s Home

Dagmar Nemček
  • Department of Sport Educology and Sport Humanities, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Alexander Simon
  • Department of Sport Educology and Sport Humanities, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-05-18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/afepuc-2016-0002


The aim of the study was to determine the effect of regular participation in home-based exercise programme on cognitive functioning changes in institutionalised older adults. Two groups of participants were recruited for the study: experimental (n = 17) in mean age 76 ± 5.6 years, who participated in home-based exercise program and control (n = 14) in mean age 80 ± 4.2 years. The standardised Stroop Color-Word Test-Victoria version (VST) was used to measure the level of cognitive functions. Group differences were analyzed with Mann-Whitney U-test for independent samples and for differences between pre-measurements and post-measurements on experimental and control group we used non-parametric Wilcoxon Signed - Rank Test. The level of significance was α < 0.05. Application of 3-months home-based exercise program significantly improved the cognitive functions only in one (Word condition; p<0.01) from three VST conditions in institutionalised older adults. That’s why we recommend longer participation in home-based exercise program, at least 6- months, with combination of various types of cognitive interventions, like concepts of cognitive training, cognitive rehabilitation, and cognitive stimulation to improve cognitive functioning in older adults living in old peoples’ homes.

Keywords : institutionalised seniors; exercise; Stroop Color-Word Test-Victoria; cognitive functions


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About the article

Published Online: 2016-05-18

Published in Print: 2016-05-01

Citation Information: Acta Facultatis Educationis Physicae Universitatis Comenianae, Volume 56, Issue 1, Pages 16–29, ISSN (Online) 0520-7371, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/afepuc-2016-0002.

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