Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Acta Facultatis Educationis Physicae Universitatis Comenianae

2 Issues per year

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Internal Load of Elite Malaysian Young Soccer Players in Small Sided Games with Different Parameters

Pavol Peráček / Matúš Bôžik / Martin Mikulič
Published Online: 2018-05-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/afepuc-2018-0004


The aim of the study was to extend the knowledge about the internal load of elite young soccer players in small sided games with different parameters in the category under 19 years. The group consisted of 16 elite soccer players under the age of 19. This team competed in the first league of the same age category We have monitored the time spent by players in bio-energy load zones (percentage of maximum heart rate), in small sided games with 2 players against 2, 3 against 3, with the size of the playing field of 25 × 18 meters and 30 × 25 meters. We used basic mathematical and statistical characteristics and Wilcoxon t-test for non-parametric selections. Our study confirmed that in the category under 19 years is valid that the larger number of players (3:3) in small sided games, indicates the players to spend more time in bio-energy zones 4 and 5. Direct correlation also applies to the size of the playing field, depending on the time spent in the load zones 4 and 5. The larger dimension of the pitch indicates to more time the players spend in bio-energy load zones, which is considered to be focal for us. If we want to use them as a way of complex training program (game training), then the small sided games are suitable training strategy.

Keywords: soccer; internal load; heart rate; small sided games; category under 19 years


  • 1. ABRANTES, C. I., M. I. NUNES, V. M. MAÇÃS, N. M. LEITE, & J. E. SAMPAIO, 2012. Effects of the number of players and game type constraints on heart rate, rating of perceived exertion, and technical actions of small-sided soccer games. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 26(4), 976-981Google Scholar

  • 2. BADA, V., 2014. Ako sa dá predchádzať chorobám srdca a ciev. Praha: Tigis PrintGoogle Scholar

  • 3. BENSON, R. & D. CONNOLLY, 2012. Trénink podle srdeční frekvence. Praha: Grada.Google Scholar

  • 4. ENGEL, F., M. PRUS & N. VIETH, 2016. Jugendfußball: Ausbilden mit Konzept 3. Philippka-SportverlagGoogle Scholar

  • 5. GABBETT, T. J., 2006. Skill-based conditioning games as an alternative to traditional conditioning for rugby league players. In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 20(2), 309.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 6. GABBETT, T., D. JENKINS. & B. ABERNETHY, 2009. Game-based training for improving skill and physical fitness in team sport athletes. In: International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching. 4(2), 273-283.Google Scholar

  • 7. GAMBLE, P., 2004. A skill-based conditioning games approach to metabolic conditioning for elite rugby football players. In: The Journal of Strength Conditioning Research. 18.3: 491-497.Google Scholar

  • 8. GREGSON, W. & B. DRUST, 2000. The physiology of football drills. In: Insight 2000; 3 (4): 1-2Google Scholar

  • 9. HILL-HAAS, S. V., B. DAWSON, F. M. IMPELLIZZERI, & A. J. COUTTS, 2011. Physiology of small-sided games training in football. In: Sports medicine. 41(3): 199-220.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 10. HOLIENKA, M., 2005. Kondičný tréning vo futbale. Peter Mačura-PEEM.Google Scholar

  • 11. HOLIENKA, M. et al., 2012. Tréningové a zápasové zaťaženie hráča v športových hrách. In: Vedecký zborník príspevkov ku grantovej úlohe. Bratislava: ABL PRINTGoogle Scholar

  • 12. LITTLE, T., 2009. Optimizing the use of soccer drills for physiological development. In: Strength & Conditioning Journal. 31(3), 67-74.Google Scholar

  • 13. MOHR, M et al., 2008. Match activities in elite woman soccer players at different performance level. In: Journal of strength and conditionong research. 22, 341-349.Google Scholar

  • 14. OWEN, A., 2003. Physiological and technical analysis of small-sided conditioned training games within professional football. Wrexham: SAGE Publications.Google Scholar

  • 15. OWEN, A., C. TWIST, & P. FORD, 2004. Small-sided games: The physiological and technical effect of altering pitch size and player numbers. Insight. 7(2), 50-53.Google Scholar

  • 16. OWEN, A. L., D. P. WONG, M. MCKENNA & A. DELLAL, 2011. Heart rate responses and technical comparison between small-vs. large-sided games in elite professional soccer. In: The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 25(8), 2104-2110.Google Scholar

  • 17. PAIN, M. & M. OWEN, 2014. Games are where you learn the most. In: The Boot Room. Issue 10, 2014. The FA licensed Coaches’ Club Magazines.Google Scholar

  • 18. PERÁČEK, P., 2001. Futbal: riadenie, plánovanie, tréning. 3. vyd. Peter Mačura-PEEM.Google Scholar

  • 19. PERÁČEK, P., 2003. Športové hry. Peter Mačura-PEEM.Google Scholar

  • 20. PERÁČEK, P., 2004. Teória a didaktika športových hier I. Peter Mačura-PEEM.Google Scholar

  • 21. PERÁČEK, P. & ZS. PAKUSZA, 2011. Futbal. IRIS.Google Scholar

  • 22. RIENZI, E. et al., 2000. Investigation of antropometric and work-rate profiles of elite South American international soccer players, In: Journal Sports Medicine Phys. Fitness. 40(2): 162-169.Google Scholar

  • 23. SIGMUND, D. & K. FRÖMEL, 2005. Využití koeficientu Effect size pro posouzení významnosti rozdílú. In: Sborník příspěvků mezinárodního semináře Pedagogické kinantropologie. Ostrava: KTV PF OU.Google Scholar

  • 24. VILÍMOVÁ, V., 2002. Didaktika tělesné výchovy. Paido.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2018-05-26

Published in Print: 2018-05-01

Citation Information: Acta Facultatis Educationis Physicae Universitatis Comenianae, Volume 58, Issue 1, Pages 32–43, ISSN (Online) 0520-7371, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/afepuc-2018-0004.

Export Citation

© 2018 Pavol Peráček et al., published by Sciendo. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in