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Archiv für Religionsgeschichte

Ed. by Bickel, Susanne / Frankfurter, David / Johnston, Sarah Iles / Pironti, Gabriella / Rüpke, Jörg / Scheid, John / Várhelyi, Zsuzsanna

Together with Beard, Mary / Bonnet, Corinne / Borgeaud, Philippe / Henrichs, Albert / Knysh, Alexander / Lissarrague, Francois / Malamoud, Charles / Maul, Stefan / Parker, Robert C. Y. / Shaked, Shaul / Stroumsa, Gedaliahu Guy / Tardieu, Michel / Volokhine, Youri


CiteScore 2018: 0.26

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.132
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.435

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1868-8888
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Dreams From Homer to Plato

James Redfield
Published Online: 2014-03-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/arege-2013-0002

Abstract

In archaic and classical literature dreams often appear as independent entities that enter human consciousness as messengers or omens. In Homer a god can come in a dream-always in disguise-or can send a dream. Dreams are insubstantial, like the psychai; a psyche like a god may come in a dream. If a dream bears a message (which may be a lie) it declares itself a messenger; ominous dreams simply arrive and require interpretation-which may be erroneous. Insubstantial and deceptive, dreams occupy a territory between reality and unreality. The resultant ambiguities are explored at length in Odyssey 19, where a truthful, self-interpreting dream is told and rejected by the teller, who nevertheless proceeds to act as if she believed it. Later literature shows us specific rituals for dealing with dreams, and tells of their origin as children of Night or Chthôn. Sometimes exogenic dreams are contrasted with endogenic dreams, which may arise from organic states. Finally in Plato’s Republic we have an account of certain dreams as irruptions into consciousness of hidden aspects of the psyche.

About the article

Published Online: 2014-03-26

Published in Print: 2014-03-01


Citation Information: Archiv für Religionsgeschichte, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 5–16, ISSN (Online) 1868-8888, ISSN (Print) 1436-3038, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/arege-2013-0002.

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