Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Acta Geologica Polonica

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.917
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.418

CiteScore 2016: 1.15

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.507
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.755

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2300-1887
See all formats and pricing
More options …

The miniature echinoid trace fossil Bichordites kuzunensis isp. nov. from early Oligocene prodelta sediments of the Mezardere Formation, Gökçeada Island, NW Turkey

Huríye Demírcan
  • Department of Geological Research, General Directorate of Mineral Research and Exploration (MTA), 06520, Ankara, Turkey.
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Alfred Uchman
Published Online: 2012-11-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10263-012-0010-2

ABSTRACT

Demircan, H. and Uchman, A. 2012. The miniature echinoid trace fossil Bichordites kuzunensis isp. nov. from early Oligocene prodelta sediments of the Mezardere Formation, Gokceada Island, northwest Turkey. Acta GeologicaPolonica, 62 (2), 205-215. Warszawa. The pascichnial trace fossil Bichordites kuzunensis isp. nov. occurs as an epichnial complex structure in early Oligocene prodelta sediments of the Thrace Basin in Gokceada Island, northwest Turkey. It displays characteristics of irregular echinoid burrows such as overall shape and a double meniscate filling with a chevron dorsal suture, in addition to the feature typical of the so far monospecific Bichordites Plaziat and Mahmoudi, 1988, that is a single central core around a single drainage tube. Its miniature size can be related to the small size of the tracemaker (ontogenic feature) or to its dwarfism in a stressed deltaic environment (palaeoecological feature). Its occurrence indicates a period of fully marine conditions during accumulation of the deltaic sediments of the Mezardere Formation.

Keywords: Bichordites kuzunensis; Ichnology; Ichnotaxonomy; New taxa; Pascichnia; Prodelta; Oligocene; Thrace Basin; Turkey.

  • Anonymous, 2012. BIOTIC - Biological Traits Information Catalogue [http://www.marlin.ac.uk/biotic/browse.php? sp=4376; 14.01.2012].Google Scholar

  • Asgaard, U. and Bromley, R.G. 2007. Co-occurrence of schizastrid echinoids and the trace fossil Scolicia, Pleistocene, Greece: Facts, myths, and fascicoles. In: R.G. Bromley, L.A. Buatois, M.G., Mangano, J.F Genise, and R.N. Melchor (Eds), Sediment-organism interactions: A multifaceted ichnology. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publications, 88, 87-95.Google Scholar

  • Ayranci, H. and Dashtgard, S.E. 2011. Animal-sediment interactions and trace assemblages on the asymmetrical Fraser River delta front and prodelta, British Columbia, Canada. AAPG Annual Conference and Exhibition, Making the Next Giant Leap in Geosciences, April 10-13, 2011, Houston, Texas, USA [http://www.searchanddiscovery.com/abstracts/html/2011/annual/abstracts/Ayranci.html, 12.01.2012].Google Scholar

  • Batı, Z, Erk, S. and Akca, N. 1993. Trakya Havzası Tersiyerbirimlerinin palinomorf, foraminifer ve nannoplankton biyostratigrafisi. TPAO Araştırma Dairesi Arşivi, teknik rapor, 1947, 92 s. Turkish Petroleum Corporation, Ankara. [Unpublished report]Google Scholar

  • Batı, Z, Alişan, C., Ediger, V.Ş., Teymur, S., Akca, N., Sancay, H., Ertuğ, K., Kirici, S., Erenler, M., and Akoz, O. 2002. Kuzey Trakya Havzası’ nın Palinomorf, Foraminifer ve Nannoplankton Biyostratigrafisi, Turkiye Stratigrafi Komitesi Calıştayı (Trakya Bolgesi’nin Litostratigrafi Adlamaları) Ozleri. In: Turkiye Stratigrafi Komitesi 2. Calıştayı Trakya Bolgesinin Litostratigrafi Adlamaları 30/31-Mayıs-2002. MTA Genel Mudurluğu, Ankara. Bildiri Ozleri Kitabı, Ankara, p. 14.Google Scholar

  • Bernardi, M., Boschele, S., Ferretti, P. and Avanzini, M. 2010. Echinoid burrow Bichordites monastiriensis from the Oligocene of NE Italy. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 55, 479-486.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bromley, R.G. and Asgaard, U. 1975. Sediment structures produced by a spatangoid echinoid: a problem of preservation. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, 24, 261-281.Google Scholar

  • Bromley, R.G., Jensen, M. and Asgaard, U. 1995, Spatangoid echinoids: deep-tier trace fossils and chemosymbiosis: Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 195, 25-35.Google Scholar

  • Buatois, L.A., Gingras, M.K., MacEachern, J., Mangano, M.G., Zonneveld, J.-P., Pemberton, S.G., Netto, R.G. and Martin, A. 2005. Colonization of brackish-water systems through time: evidence from the trace-fossil record. Palaios, 20, 321-347.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Buatois, L.A. and Mangano, M.G. 2011. Ichnology: Organisms-Substrate Interactions in Space and Time, pp. 1-358. Cambridge University Press; Cambridge.Google Scholar

  • Buatois, L.A., Santiago, N., Parra, K. and Steel, R. 2008. Animal-substrate interactions in an Early Miocene wavedominated tropical delta: delineating environmental stress and depositional dynamics (Tacata Field, eastern Venezuela). Journal of Sedimentary Research, 78, 458-479.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Chen, W.S. 2005. Characteristic trace fossils from shoreface to offshore environments of an Oligocene succession, northeastern Taiwan. Tao, 16, 1097-1120.Google Scholar

  • D’Alessandro, A. and Uchman, A. 2007. Bichordites and Bichordites-Rosselia ichnoassemblages from the Lower Pleistocene Tursi Sandstone (southern Italy). In: R.G. Bromley, L.A. Buatois, M.G., Mangano, J.F Genise, and R.N. Melchor (Eds), Sediment-organism interactions: A multifaceted ichnology. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publications, 88, 213-221.Google Scholar

  • Demircan, H. and Uchman, A. 2010. Kiss of death of a hunting fish: trace fossil Osculichnus labialis igen. et isp. nov. from late Eocene - early Oligocene prodelta sediments of the Mezardere Formation, Thrace Basin, NW Turkey. Acta Geologica Polonica, 60, 29-38.Google Scholar

  • Ediger, V.Ş. and Alişan, C. 1989. Tertiary fungal and algal palynomorph biostratigraphy of the northern Thrace basin, Turkey. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 58, 139-161.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Fenton, C.L. and Fenton, M.A. 1937. Olivellites, a Pennsylvanian snail burrow. American Midland Naturalist, 18, 452-453CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ghent, H.D. and Henderson, R.A. 1966. Petrology, sedimentation, and paleontology of Middle Miocene graded sandstones and mudstone, Kaiti Beach, Gisborne. Transaction of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Geology, 4, 147-169.Google Scholar

  • Gibert, J.M., de and Goldring, R. 2008. Spatangoid-produced ichnofabrics (Bateig Limestone, Miocene, Spain) and the preservation of spatangoid trace fossils. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 270, 299-310.Google Scholar

  • Gingras, M.K., MacEachern, J.A. and Pemberton, S.G. 1998. A comparative analysis of the ichnology of wave- and river-dominated allomembers of the Upper Cretaceous Dunvegan Formation. Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology, 46, 51-73.Google Scholar

  • Gokcen, L.S. 1967. Keşan bolgesinde Eosen-Oligosen sedimantasyonu, Guneybatı Turkiye Trakyası. Maden Tetkik Arama Dergisi, 69, 1-10.Google Scholar

  • Hoşgormez, H. and Yalcın, M.N. 2005. Gas-source rock correlation in Thrace basin, Turkey. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 22, 901-916.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Josefson, A.B. and Hansen, J.L.S., 2004. Species richness of benthic macrofauna in Danish estuaries and coastal areas. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 13, 273-288.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Karahanoğlu, N., Eder, A. and Illeez, A. I. 1995. Mathematical approach to hydrocarbon generation history and source rock potential in the Thrace Basin, Turkey. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 12, 587-596.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kesgin, Y. and Varol, B. 2003. Gokceada ve Bozcaada’ nın Tersiyer jeolojisi. Maden Tetkik ve Arama Dergisi, 126, 49-67.Google Scholar

  • Kier, P.M. 1982. Rapid evolution of echinoides. Palaeontology , 25, 1-9.Google Scholar

  • Kinne, O. 1971. Salinity: 3. Animals: 1. Invertebrates. In: O. Kinne (Ed.), Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in Oceans And Coastal Waters: 1. Environmental Factors: pp. 821-995. Wiley-Interscience; London.Google Scholar

  • Kroncke, I. 2006. Structure and function of macrofaunal communities influenced by hydrodynamically controlled food availability in the Wadden Sea, the open North Sea, and the deep-sea. A synopsis. Senckenbergiana maritima, 36, 123-164.Google Scholar

  • Książkiewicz, M. 1977. Trace fossils in the Flysch of the Polish Carpathians. Palaeontologia Polonica, 36, 1-208.Google Scholar

  • Lebkuchner, R.F. 1974. Orta Trakya Oligosen’ inin jeolojisi hakkında. Maden Tetkik Arama Dergisi, 83, 1-29.Google Scholar

  • MacEachern, J.A., Bann, K.L., Bhattacharya, J.P. and Howell, C.D., Jr. 2005. Ichnology of deltas: organism responses to the dynamic interplay of rivers, waves, storms and tides. In: L. Giosan, and J.P. Bhattacharya (Eds), River deltas - concepts, models, and examples. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publications, 83, 49-85.Google Scholar

  • Mangano, G.M., Buatois, L.A. and Rindsberg, A.K. 2002. Carboniferous Psammichnites: A systematic re-evaluation, taphonomy and autecology. Ichnos, 9, 1-22.Google Scholar

  • Monaco, P., Gianetti, A., Caracuel, J.E. and Yebenis, A. 2005. Lower Cretaceous (Albian) shell-armoured and associated echinoid trace fossils from the Sacaras Formation, Sierra Gelada area, southeast Spain. Lethaia, 38, 333-344.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Nara, M. 2004, Trace fossil Bichordites monastiriensis in Pleistocene shallow marine deposits of the Boso Peninsula, central Japan, and its palaeoenvironmental significance. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan, 110, 545-551. [In Japanese with English abstract]Google Scholar

  • Pearson, T.H., Josefson, A.B. and Rosenberg, R. 1985. Petersen’s benthic stations revisited. I. Is the Kattegatt becoming eutrophic? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 92, 157-206.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Plaziat, J.-C. and Mahmoudi, M. 1988. Trace fossils attributed to burrowing echinoids: a revision including new ichnogenus and ichnospecies. Geobios, 21, 209-233.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Quatrefages, de, M.A. 1849. Note sur la Scolicia prisca (A. de Q.) annelide fossile de la Craie. Annales des Sciences Naturalles, 3 série, Zoologie, 12, 265-266.Google Scholar

  • Saner, S. 1985. Saros korfezi ve dolayının cokelme istifleri ve tektonik yerleşimi, Kuzeydoğu Ege denizi, Turkiye. Türkiye Jeoloji Kurumu Bülteni, 28, 1-10.Google Scholar

  • Siyako, M. 2006. Thrace Basin Tertiary rock units. In: M. Uzer (Ed.), Trakya Bolgesi Litostratigrafi Birimleri [Lithostratigraphic Units of the Thrace Region], pp. 43-83. Maden Tetkik ve Arama Genel Mudurluğu, Ankara. [In Turkish]Google Scholar

  • Siyako, M. and Huvaz, O. 2007. Eocene stratigraphic evolution of the Thrace Basin, Turkey. Sedimentary Geology, 198, 75-91.Google Scholar

  • Smith, A. B. and Crimes, T. P. 1983. Trace fossils formed by heart urchins - a study of Scolicia and related traces. Lethaia, 16, 79-92.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Smith, A.B. and Kroh A. 2012. The Echinoid Directory. The Natural History Museum [http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/research/projects/echinoid-directory/index.html; 14.01.2012]Google Scholar

  • Sumengen, M., Terlemez, İ., Şenturk, K., Karakose, C., Erkan, N.E., Unay, E., Gurbuz, M. and Atalay, Z. 1987. Gelibolu Yarımadası ve Guneybatı Trakya Tersiyer havzasının stratigrafisi, sedimantolojisi ve tektoniği: MTA genel Mudurluğu. Jeoloji Etudler Dairesi, yayımlanmamış teknik rapor, 2121, 1-337. [Unpublished]Google Scholar

  • Tchoumatchenco, P. and Uchman, A. 2001. The oldest deepsea Ophiomorpha and Scolicia and associated trace fossils from the Upper Jurassic - Lower Cretaceous deepwater turbidite deposits of SW Bulgaria. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 169, 85-99.Google Scholar

  • Temel, R.O. and Ciftci, N.B. 2002. Stratigraphy and depositional environments of the Tertiary sedimentary units in Gelibolu peninsula and islands of Gokceada and Bozcaada (Northern Aegean region, Turkey). TAPGTurkish Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 14, 17-40.Google Scholar

  • Turgut, S. and Eseller, G. 1999. Sequence stratigraphy, tectonics and depositional history in eastern Thrace Basin, NW Turkey. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 17, 61-100.Google Scholar

  • Turgut, S., Siyako, M. and Dilki, A. 1983. Geology and hydrocarbon potential of the Thrace Basin. Turkish Geological Congress Bulletin, 4, 35-46.Google Scholar

  • Uchman, A. 1995. Taxonomy and palaeoecology of flysch trace fossils: The Marnoso-arenacea Formation and associated facies (Miocene, Northern Apennines, Italy). Beringeria, 15, 3-115.Google Scholar

  • Unal, O.T. 1967. Geology of Thrace and oil potential. TPO Arama Grubu Arşvi (yayımlanmamış) rapor, 391, 1-80. TPO, Ankara. [In Turkish, unpublished report of the Turkish Petroleum Company]Google Scholar

  • Virtasalo, J.J., Bonsdorff, E., Moros, M., Kabel, K., Kotilainen, A.T., Ryabchuk, D., Kallonen, A. and Hamalainen, K. 2011. Ichnological trends along an open-water transect across a large marginal-marine epicontinental basin, the modern Baltic Sea. Sedimentary Geology, 241, 40-51.Google Scholar

  • Wetzel, A. 2008. Recent bioturbation in the deep South China Sea: A uniformitarian ichnologic approach. Palaios, 23, 601-615.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Zettler, M.L., Bonsch, R. and Gosselck, F. 2000. Verbreitung des Makrozoobenthos in der Mecklenburger Bucht (sudliche Ostsee) - rezent und im historischem Vergleich. Meereswissenschaftliche Berichte, 42, 1-144.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2012-11-13

Published in Print: 2012-06-01


Citation Information: Acta Geologica Polonica, Volume 62, Issue 2, Pages 205–215, ISSN (Print) 0001-5709, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10263-012-0010-2.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[2]
E. Mayoral, J. Ledesma-Vazquez, B.G. Baarli, A. Santos, R. Ramalho, M. Cachão, C.M. da Silva, and M.E. Johnson
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 2013, Volume 381-382, Page 47

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in