Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Acta Geologica Polonica

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

4 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.917
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.418

CiteScore 2016: 1.15

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.507
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.755

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Palaeoenvironmental interpretation of echinoderm assemblages from Bathonian ore-bearing clays at Gnaszyn (Kraków-Silesia Homocline, Poland)

Andrzej Boczarowski
Published Online: 2012-12-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10263-012-0019-6


Boczarowski A. 2012. Palaeoenvironmental interpretation of echinoderm assemblages from Bathonian ore-bearing clays at Gnaszyn (Krakow-Silesia Homocline, Poland). Acta Geologica Polonica, 62(3), 351-366. Warszawa.

This paper presents the results of an investigation into the variability of echinoderm assemblages from Bathonian ore-bearing clays from Gnaszyn. Remains of Crinoidea, Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea, Echinoidea, and Holothuroidea have been studied from 38 rock samples. The most common echinoderms represented are the crinoids Balanocrinusberchteni and Chariocrinus andreae and a few species of the holothurian genera Priscopedatus, Calclamna, Staurocaudina, Eocaudina, Achistrum, Theelia and Hemisphaeranthos. The echinoderms from Gnaszyn show various life strategies: benthic or epibenthic forms, sessile sestonophages (Crinoidea), motile macrophages (Asteroidea) and detritivores (Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea, Echinoidea), infaunal and epifaunal detritus feeders, sediment feeders or rake-feeders (Holothuroidea). Their presence suggests well oxygenated and presumably relatively cold bottom marine waters. The parts of the Gnaszyn section around concretion horizons and characterized by the ubiquitous occurrence of the holothurian Theelia and echinoids were deposited during phases of optimal living conditions with sufficient influx of plant detritus and good oxygenation of the sea bottom. These parts commonly host echinoderm associations dominated by crinoid remains, which occasionally are still articulated (or disarticulated but remaining intact) - this points to a quiet environment with normal oxygenation of the bottom waters but anaerobic/dysaerobic conditions in the sediment.

Keywords : Palaeoenvironment; Middle Jurassic; Bathonian; Echinoderms; Ore-bearing clays; Poland.

  • Baumiller, T.K., Mooi, R. and Messing, C.G. 2008. Urchins in a meadow: paleobiologial and evolutionary implications of cidaroid predation on crinoids. Paleobiology, 34, 22-34. Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Baumiller, T.K., Salamon, M., Gorzelak, P., Mooi, R., Messing, C. and Gahn, F. 2010. Post-Paleozoic crinoid radiation in response to benthic predation preceded the Mesozoic marine revolution. Proceedings of the National Academyof Sciences of the United States of America, 107, 5893-5896. Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Boczarowski, A. 2001. Isolated sclerites of Devonian non- pelamtozoan echinoderms. Palaeontologia Polonica, 59, 1-219. Google Scholar

  • Boczarowski, A. 2004. Pedicellariae from Middle Jurassic Ore Bearing Częstochowa Clay Formation and their significance in echinoid’s life strategy. Tomy Jurajskie, 2, 141-150. Google Scholar

  • Boczarowski, A. 2005a. Znaczenie gnilnych mikrośladow zachowanych na sklerotomach szkarłupni z batonu Gnaszyna. Tomy Jurajskie, 3, 132-135. Google Scholar

  • Boczarowski, A. 2005b. Chromo-stereoscopy as a tool in micropalaeontological investigations: echinoderms as a case study. Studia Geologica Polonica, 124, 21-35. Google Scholar

  • Bowden, D.A., Schiaparelli, S., Clark, M.R. and Rickard, G.J. 2011. A lost world? Archaic crinoid dominated assemblages on an Antarctic seamount. Deep Sea Research PartII: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 58, 119-127. Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Dayczak-Calikowska, K. 1980. Crinoidea. In: L. Malinowska (Ed.), Budowa geologiczna Polski, Vol. 3, Atlas skamieniałości przewodnich i charakterystycznych, część 2b (Mezozoik, Jura), p. 249. Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa. Google Scholar

  • Deming, J.W., Reysenbach, A.-L., Macko, S.A. and Smith, C.R. 1997. Evidence for the microbial basis of a chemoautotrophic invertebrate community at a whale fall on the deep seafloor: bone-colonizing bacteria and invertebrate endosymbionts. Microscopy Research and Technique, 37, 162-170. Google Scholar

  • Eléaume, M., Hemery, L.G., Bowden, D.A. and Roux, D.A. 2011. A large new species of the genus Ptilocrinus (Echinodermata, Crinoidea, Hyocrinidae) from Antarctic seamounts. Polar Biology, 34, 1385-1397. CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Frizzell, D.L. and Exline, H. 1956. Monograph of Fossil Holothurian Sclerites. Bulletin of School of Mines andMetallurgy (Technical Series), 89 (for 1955), 1-204.Google Scholar

  • Gedl, P. and Kaim, A. 2012. An introduction to alaeoenvironmental reconstruction of Bathonian (Middle Jurassic) orebearing clays at Gnaszyn, Krakow-Silesia Monocline, Poland. Acta Geologica Polonica, 62 (3), 267-280. Google Scholar

  • Gedl, P., Kaim, A., Boczarowski, A., Kędzierski, M., Smoleń, J., Szczepanik, P., Witkowska, M., and Ziaja, J. 2003. Rekonstrukcja paleośrodowiska sedymentacji środkowojurajskich iłow rudonośnych Gnaszyna (Częstochowa) - wyniki wstępne. Tomy Jurajskie, 1, 19-27. Google Scholar

  • Gedl, P., Kaim, A., Boczarowski, A., Dudek, T., Kędzierski, M., Leonowicz, P., Sawłowicz, Z., Smoleń, J., Szczepanik, P., Witkowska, M., and Ziaja, J. 2004. Rekonstrukcja paleośrodowiska sedymentacji środkowojurajskich iłow rudonośnych Gnaszyna (Częstochowa). Tomy Jurajskie, 2, 166. Google Scholar

  • Glass, A. 2006. Pyritised tube feet in a protasterid ophiuroid from the Upper Ordovician of Kentucky, U.S.A. ActaPalaeontologica Polonica, 51, 171-184. Google Scholar

  • Górka, H., and Łuszczewska, L. 1969. Holothurian sclerites from the Polish Jurassic and Tertiary. Annales de la SociéteGéologique de Pologne, 39, 361-402. Google Scholar

  • Hess, H., Ausich, W.I., Brett, C.E. and Simms, M.J. 1999. Fossil Crinoids, pp. 1-275. Cambridge University Press; Cambridge. Hyman, L.H. 1955. The Invertebrates: Echinodermata, pp. vii + 763. McGraw-Hill; New York, Toronto, London. Google Scholar

  • Jesionek-Szymańska, W. 1963. Echinides irreguliers du Dogger de Pologne. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 8 (3), 293-414. Google Scholar

  • Jesionek-Szymańska, W. 1980. Echinoidea. In: L. Malinowska (Ed.), Budowa geologiczna Polski, Vol. 3, Atlas skamieniałości przewodnich i charakterystycznych, część 2b (Mezozoik, Jura), pp. 249-253. Wydawnictwa Geologiczne; Warszawa. Google Scholar

  • Kidwell, S.M. and Baumiller, T. 1990. Experimental Disintegration of Regular Echinoids: Roles of Temperature, Oxygen, and Decay Thresholds. Paleobiology, 16, 247-271. Google Scholar

  • Laube, G.C. 1867. Die Echinodermen des braunen Jura von Balin. Mit Berucksichtigung ihrer geognostischen Verbreitung in Frankreich, Schwaben, England und anderen Landern. Denkschrift der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaftenin Wien, Mathematisch-NaturwissenschaftlicheKlasse, 27, 1-10. Google Scholar

  • Ludwig, H. 1889-92. Echinodermen. 1. Die Holothurien. In: Bronn’s Their-Reich, 2 (3), 1-460. Google Scholar

  • Majewski, W. 2000. Middle Jurassic concretions from Częstochowa (Poland) as indicators of sedimentation rates. Acta Geologica Polonica, 50, 431-439. Google Scholar

  • Matyja, B.A. and Wierzbowski A. 2003. Biostratygrafia amonitowa formacji częstochowskich iłow rudonośnych (najwyższy bajos-gorny baton) z odsłonięć w Częstochowie. Tomy Jurajskie, 1, 3-6. Google Scholar

  • Matyja, B.A. and Wierzbowski, A. 2006. European Platform - Middle and Upper Jurassic, In: Wierzbowski, A., Aubrecht, R., Golonka, J., Gutowski, J., Krobicki, M., Mstyjs, B.A., Pieńkowski, G. and Uchman, A. (Eds), Jurassic of Poland and adjacent Slovakian Carpathians. Field trip guidebook of 7th International Congress on the Jurassic System Poland, Krakow, September 6-18, 2006, 130-132. Google Scholar

  • Mays, T.D., Holdeman, L.V., Moore, W.E.C., Rogosa, M. and Johnson, J.L. 1982. Taxonomy of the genus Veillonella Prevot. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 32, 28-36. Google Scholar

  • Mosher, C. 1980. Distribution of Holothuria arenicola Semper in the Bahamas with observations on habitat, behavior and fiding activity (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). Bulletinof Marine Science, 30, 1-12. Google Scholar

  • Price, A.R.G. 2007.Western Arabian Gulf Echinoderms in high salinity waters and the occurrence of dwarfism. A Journalof Natural History, 16, 1464-5262. Google Scholar

  • Rehbinder, B. 1913. Die mitteljurassischen eisenerzfuhrenden Tone langs des sudwestlichen Randes des Krakau- Wieluner Zuges in Polen. Zeitschrift der Deutschen GeologischenGesselschaft, 65, 181-349. Google Scholar

  • Rożycki, S.Z. 1953. Gorny dogger i dolny malm jury krakowsko-częstochowskiej. Prace Instytutu Geologicznego , 17, 1-412. Google Scholar

  • Salamon, M.A., 2008. Jurassic cyrtocrinids (Cyrtocrinida, Crinoidea) from extra-Carpathian Poland. Palaeontographica , Abt. A, 285, 77-99. Google Scholar

  • Salamon, M.A. and Zatoń, M. 2006. Balanocrinus hessi n. sp., a new crinoid (Echinodermata) from the Callovian (Middle Jurassic) of southern Poland. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologieund Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 240, 1-17. Google Scholar

  • Salamon, M.A. and Zatoń, M. 2007. Late Bajocian through Callovian (Middle Jurassic) crinoid fauna from the epicontinental deposits of Poland. Swiss Journal of Geosciences , 100, 153-164. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Stolarski, J., Gorzelak, P., Mazur, M., Marrocchi, Y. and Meibom, A. 2009. Nanostructural and geochemical features of the Jurassic isocrinid columnal ossicles. Acta PalaeontologicaPolonica, 54, 69-75. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Thomas, L.P. 1961. Distribution and salinity tolerance in the amphiurid brittlestar, Ophiophragmus filograneus (Lyrnan, 1875). Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf andCaribbean, 11, 158-160. Google Scholar

  • Witkowska, M., Szczepanik, P. and Sawłowicz, Z. 2004. Rekonstrukcja paleośrodowiska sedymentacji środkowojurajskich iłow rudonośnych Gnaszyna (Jura Krakowsko- Częstochowa) w świetle badań geochemicznych. TomyJurajskie, 2, 166-167. Google Scholar

  • Zatoń, M. and Taylor, P.D. 2010. Bathonian (Middle Jurassic) cyclostome bryozoans from the Polish Jura. Bulletin ofGeosciences, 85, 275-302. Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Zatoń, M., Salamon, M.A., Marynowski, L. and Zatoń, R. 2007a. Nest-like accumulations of faunal remains in theMiddle Jurassic ore-bearing clays of the Krakow-Częstochowa Upland and their palaeobiological implications. Przegląd Geologiczny, 55, 424-429. Google Scholar

  • Zatoń, M., Villier, L. and Salamon, M.A. 2007b. Signs of predation in the Middle Jurassic of south-central Poland: evidence from echinoderm taphonomy. Lethaia, 40, 139-151.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2012-12-28

Citation Information: Acta Geologica Polonica, Volume 62, Issue 3, Pages 351–366, ISSN (Print) 0001-5709, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10263-012-0019-6.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Krystian Konieczyński, Andrzej Pisera, Maria Aleksandra Bitner, and Andras Galácz
Swiss Journal of Geosciences, 2013, Volume 106, Number 1, Page 109

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in