Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Acta Geologica Polonica

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.917
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.418

CiteScore 2016: 1.15

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.507
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.755

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2300-1887
See all formats and pricing
More options …

The oldest Cambrian trilobites from the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland: taxonomic, stratigraphic and biogeographic reappraisal

Anna Żylińska
Published Online: 2013-03-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/agp-2013-0002

Abstract

Żylińska, A. 2013. The oldest Cambrian trilobites from the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland: taxonomic, stratigraphic and biogeographic reappraisal. Acta Geologica Polonica, 63 (1), 57-87. Warszawa. Authorship issues are clarified, new photographic documentation is provided and emended systematic descriptions are presented for the oldest Cambrian trilobite taxa from the Holy Cross Mountains (Poland). Biostratigraphic analysis of the fauna allows correlation with the traditional Holmia kjerulfi-group Zone of Scandinavia, the Callavia Zone of Britain and Newfoundland, the lower and middle part of the Sectigena Zone of Morocco and the Marianian Stage of Spain. The trilobites display a strong biogeographic signal linked with West Gondwana and Avalonia and a suggestion is made that the TESZ margin of Baltica with the Małopolska Massif was liable to currents from those areas that distributed planktonic trilobite larvae.

Keywords : Ellipsocephalidae; Holmiidae; Cambrian Series 2; Stratigraphy; Biogeography; Holy Cross Mountains; Trilobita

  • Adrain, J.M. 2011. Class Trilobita Walch, 1771. In: Z.-Q. Zhang (Ed.), Animal biodiversity: An outline of higherlevel classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, 3148, 104−109.Google Scholar

  • Ahlberg, P. and Bergstrom, J. 1978. Lower Cambrian ptychopariid trilobites from Scandinavia. Sveriges GeologiskaUndersokning, Ser. Ca, 49, 5−41.Google Scholar

  • Ahlberg, P., Bergstrom, J. and Johansson, J. 1986. Lower Cambrian olenellid trilobites from the Baltic Faunal province. Geologiska Foreningens i Stockholm Forhandlingar , 108, 39−56.Google Scholar

  • Álvaro, J.J. 2007. New ellipsocephalid trilobites from the lower Cambrian member of the Lancara Formation, Cantabrian Mountains, northern Spain. Memoirs of theAssociation of Australasian Paleontologists, 34, 343−355.Google Scholar

  • Álvaro, J.J., Elicki, O., Geyer, G., Rushton, A.W.A. and Shergold, J.H. 2003. Palaeogeographical controls on the Cambrian trilobite immigration and evolutionary patterns reported in the western Gondwana margin. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 195, 5−35.Google Scholar

  • Belka, Z., Ahrendt, H., Franke, W. and Wemmer, K. 2000. The Baltica-Gondwana suture in central Europe: evidence from K-Ar ages of detrital muscovites and biogeographical data. In: W. Franke, V. Haak, O. Oncken and D. Tanner (Eds), Orogenic Processes: Quantification and Modelling in the Variscan Belt. Special Publications of theGeological Society of London, 179, 87−102.Google Scholar

  • Belka, Z., Valverde-Vaquero, P., Dorr, W., Ahrendt, H., Wemmer, K., Franke, W. and Schafer, J. 2002. Accretion of first Gondwana-derived terranes at the margin of Baltica. In: J.A. Winchester, T.C. Pharaoh and J. Verniers (Eds), Palaeozoic Amalgamation of Central Europe. SpecialPublications of the Geological Society of London, 201, 19−36.Google Scholar

  • Bergström, J. 1973a. Organization, life, and systematics of trilobites. Fossils and Strata, 2, 1−69.Google Scholar

  • Bergström, J. 1973b. Classification of olenellid trilobites and some Balto-Scandian species. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 53, 283−314.Google Scholar

  • Bergström, J. 1981. Lower Cambrian shelly faunas and biostratigraphy in Scandinavia. In: M.E. Taylor (Ed.), Short Papers for the Second International Symposium of the Cambrian System 1981. United States Department of theInterior Geological Survey, Open-File Report, 81-743, 22−25.Google Scholar

  • Bergström, J. and Ahlberg, P. 1981. Uppermost Lower Cambrian biostratigraphy in Scania, Sweden. GeologiskaForeningens i Stockholm Forhandlingar, 103, 193−214.Google Scholar

  • Berthelsen, A. 1992. From Precambrian to Variscan Europe. In: D. Blundell, R. Freeman and S. Muller (Eds), A Continent Revealed: The European Geotraverse, pp. 153−164. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Billings, E. 1874. Palaeozoic Fossils, 2(1). Geological Survey of Canada, 1−144.Google Scholar

  • Bullock, R.J., Morris, J.R. and Selby, D. 2011. New findings of body and trace fossils in the St. Bride’s area, Cape St.Mary’s Peninsula, Newfoundland. Current research, Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Natural Resources, Geological Survey Report, 11-1, 241−252.Google Scholar

  • Chatterton, B.D.E. and Speyer, S.E. 1989. Larval ecology, life history strategies, and patterns of extinction and survivorship among Ordovician trilobites. Paleobiology, 15, 118−132.Google Scholar

  • Cobbold, E.S. 1910. On some small trilobites from the Cambrian rocks of Comley (Shropshire). Quarterly Journal ofthe Geological Society of London, 66, 19−51.Google Scholar

  • Cobbold, E.S. 1931. Additional fossils from the Cambrian rocks of Comley, Shropshire. Quarterly Journal of the GeologicalSociety of London, 87, 459−511.Google Scholar

  • Cobbold, E.S. 1936. The Conchostraca of the Cambrian area of Comley, Shropshire, with a note on a new variety of Atops reticulatus (Walcott). Quarterly Journal of the GeologicalSociety of London, 92, 221−235.Google Scholar

  • Cocks, L.R.M. and Torsvik T.H. 2005. Baltica from the late Precambrian to mid-Palaeozoic times: The gain and loss of a terrane’s identity. Earth-Science Reviews, 72, 39−66.Google Scholar

  • Cocks, L.R.M. and Torsvik T.H. 2006. European geography in a global context from the Vendian to the end of the Palaeozoic. In: D.G. Gee and R.A. Stephenson (Eds), European Lithosphere Dynamics. Memoirs of the GeologicalSociety of London, 32, 82−95.Google Scholar

  • Courtessole, R. and Jago, J.B. 1980. Biostratigraphie du Cambrien Inferieur du Cabardes (versant sud de la Montagne Noire, France meridionale). Memoire de la Societe d’EtudesScientifiques de l’Aude, 3−26.Google Scholar

  • Czarnocki, J. 1919. Stratigraphy and tectonics of the Święty Krzyż Mountains. Prace Towarzystwa NaukowegoWarszawskiego, 28, 1−172. [In Polish]Google Scholar

  • Czarnocki, J. 1926. Cambrian stratigraphy and fauna in the central part of the Holy Cross Mountains. PosiedzeniaNaukowe Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 14, 7−9. [In Polish]Google Scholar

  • Czarnocki, J. 1927a. Le Cambrien et la faune cambrienne de la partie moyenne du massif de Swiety Krzyz (S te Croix). Congres Geologique International, Compte-rendue de la XIV e session, en Espagne, 1926, Madrid, 735−750.Google Scholar

  • Czarnocki, J. 1927b. Cambrian and its fauna in the central part of the Holy Cross Mountains. Sprawozdania Polskiego InstytutuGeologicznego, 4, 189−207. [In Polish]Google Scholar

  • Czarnocki, J. 1932. Cambrian stratigraphy and tectonics in the vicinity of Ociesęki and Orłowiny. Posiedzenia NaukowePaństwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 33, 76−78. [In Polish]Google Scholar

  • Czarnocki, J. 1933. Scientific significance of Cambrian exposures in the vicinity of Ociesęki and Orłowiny. ZabytkiPrzyrody Nieożywionej, 2, 78−84. [In Polish]Google Scholar

  • Ebbestad, J.O.R., Ahlberg, P. and Hoyberget, M. 2003. Redescription of Holmia inusitata (Trilobita) from the Lower Cambrian of Scandinavia. Palaeontology, 46, 1039−1045.Google Scholar

  • Emmons, E. 1844. The Taconic System, based on observations in New York, Massachusetts, Maine, Vermont and Rhode Island. Albany, Caroll and Cook, 1−68.Google Scholar

  • Fletcher, T.P. 2006. Bedrock geology of the Cape St. Mary’s Peninsula, southwest Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador, Geological Survey, Department of Natural Resources, St. John’s, Report, 06-02, pp. 1−117.Google Scholar

  • Fritz, W.H. 1972. Lower Cambrian trilobites from the Sekwi Formation type section, Mackenzie Mountains, northwestern Canada. Bulletin of the Geological Survey ofCanada, 212, 1−90.Google Scholar

  • Fritz, W.H. 1995. Esmeraldina rowei and associated Lower Cambrian trilobites (1f fauna) at the base of Walcott’s Waucoban Series, southern Great Basin, U.S.A. Journalof Paleontology, 69, 708−723.Google Scholar

  • Geyer, G. 1990a. Revised Lower to lower Middle Cambrian biostratigraphy of Morocco. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 22, 53−70.Google Scholar

  • Geyer, G. 1990b. Die marokkanischen Ellipsocephalidae (Trilobita: Redlichiida). Beringeria, 3, 3−363.Google Scholar

  • Geyer, G. 1993. The giant Cambrian trilobites of Morocco. Beringeria, 8, 71−107.Google Scholar

  • Geyer, G. and Landing, E. 2004. A unified Lower - Middle Cambrian chronostratigraphy for West Gondwana. ActaGeologica Polonica, 54, 179−218.Google Scholar

  • Geyer, G. and Malinky, J.M. 1997. Middle Cambrian fossils from Tizi n’Tichka, the High Atlas, Morocco. Part 1. Introduction and trilobites. Journal of Paleontology, 71, 620−637.Google Scholar

  • Geyer, G. and Palmer, A.R. 1995. Neltneriidae and Holmiidae (Trilobita) from Morocco and the problem of Early Cambrian intercontinental correlation. Journal of Paleontology, 69, 459−474.Google Scholar

  • Geyer, G., Popp, A., Weidner, T. and Forster, L. 2004. New Lower Cambrian trilobites from Pleistocene erratic boulders of northern Germany and Denmark and their bearing on the intercontinental correlation. PalaontologischeZeitschrift, 78, 127−136.Google Scholar

  • Gozalo, R., Linan, E., Dies, M.E., Gamez-Vintaned, J.A. and Mayoral, E. 2007. The Lower−Middle Cambrian boundary in the Mediterranean subprovince. Special Paper of theGeological Society of America, 423, 359−373.Google Scholar

  • Gozalo, R., Linan, E., Palacios, T., Gamez Vintaned, J.A. and Mayoral, E. 2003. The Cambrian of the Iberian Peninsula: An overview. Geologica Acta, 1, 103−112.Google Scholar

  • Hammer, O. and Harper, D. A. T. 2006. Paleontological data analysis. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 1−351.Google Scholar

  • Hupé, P. 1953. Contribution a l’etude du Cambrien inferieur et du Precambrien III de l’Anti-Atlas marocain. Notes etMemoirs de la Service geologique du Maroc, 103, 1−402. [‘1952’]Google Scholar

  • Jell, P.A. and Adrain, J.M. 2003. Available generic names for trilobites. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 48, 331−553.Google Scholar

  • Kaesler, R.L. (Ed.) 1997. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part O, Arthropoda 1, Trilobita, Revised, pp. i−xxiv, 1−530. Geological Society of America, Boulder, and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence.Google Scholar

  • Kiær, J. 1917. The Lower Cambrian Holmia Fauna at Tomten in Norway. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I. Matematisk-Naturvidenskapelig Klasse, 10, 1−139.Google Scholar

  • Kotas, A. 1973. Occurrence of Cambrian formations in the substratum of the Upper Silesia Coal Basin. PrzeglądGeologiczny, 21, 37. [In Polish]Google Scholar

  • Kowalczewski, Z., Żylińska, A. and Szczepanik, Z. 2006. Cambrian in the Holy Cross Mountains. In: S. Skompski and A. Żylińska (Eds), Procesy i zdarzenia w historii geologicznej Gor Świętokrzyskich. 77 Zjazd Naukowy Polskiego Towarzystwa Geologicznego, 14−27. [In Polish]Google Scholar

  • Krzywiec, P., Gutowski, J., Walaszczyk, I., Wrobel, G. and Wybraniec, S. 2009. Tectonostratigraphic model of the Late Cretaceous inversion along the Nowe Miasto−Zawichost Fault Zone, SE Mid-Polish Trough. GeologicalQuarterly, 53, 27−48.Google Scholar

  • Kutek, J. and Głazek, J. 1972. The Holy Cross area, Central Poland, in the Alpine cycle. Acta Geologica Polonica, 22, 603−652.Google Scholar

  • Landing, E., Johnson, S.C. and Geyer, G. 2008. Faunas and Cambrian volcanism on the Avalonian marginal platform, southern New Brunswick. Journal of Paleontology, 82, 884−905.Google Scholar

  • Lieberman, B.S. 1999. Systematic revision of the Olenelloidea (Trilobita, Cambrian). Bulletin of the Peabody Museumof Natural History, Yale University, 45, 1−150.Google Scholar

  • Liñán, E., Gozalo, R., Palacios, T., Gamez-Vintaned, J.A., Ugidos, J.M. and Mayoral, E. 2002. Cambrian. In: W. Gibbons and T. Moreno (Eds), The geology of Spain, 17−29. The Geological Society, London.Google Scholar

  • Linnarsson, G. 1871. Om nagra forsteningar fran Sveriges och Norges ‘primordialzon’. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Forhandlingar, 6, 789−796.Google Scholar

  • Lu, Y., Zhang, W., Qian, Y., Zhu, Z., Lin, H., Zhou, Z., Zhang, S. and Yuan J. 1974. Cambrian trilobites. In: Handbook of the Stratigraphy and Palaeontology of southwest China, 82−107. Science Press; Beijing. [In Chinese]Google Scholar

  • Malinowski, M., Żelaźniewicz, A., Grad, M., Guterch, A. and Janik, T. 2005. Seismic and geological structure of the crust in the transition from Baltica to Palaeozoic Europe in SE Poland - CELEBRATION 2000 experiment, profile CEL02. Tectonophysics, 401, 55-77.Google Scholar

  • Matthew, G.F. 1887. Illustrations of the fauna of the St. John Group, No. 4. On the smaller-eyed trilobites of Division I, with a few remarks on the species of higher divisions of the group. Canadian Record of Science, 2, 357−363.Google Scholar

  • Matthew, G.F. 1890. On Cambrian organisms in Acadia. Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, 7, 135−162.Google Scholar

  • Matthew, G.F. 1895. The Protolenus fauna. Transactions of theNew York Academy of Sciences, 14, 101−153.Google Scholar

  • Matthew, G.F. 1897. What is the Olenellus Fauna? The AmericanGeologist, 19, 396−407. Matthew, G.F. 1899. Studies on Cambrian faunas, no. 4. Fragments of the Cambrian Faunas of Newfoundland. Transactions of the Royal Society ofCanada, Series 2, Section 4, 5 (for 1899−1900), 67−95.Google Scholar

  • Mayoral, E., Linan, E., Gamez-Vintaned, J.A., Gozalo, R. and Dies, M.E. 2008. El Cambrico inferior del Cerro del Hierro (Sevilla). Propuesta de itinerario paleontologico. In: I. Bonilla and A. Menor Campillo (coor.), Investigacioncientifica y conservacion en el Parque Natural Sierra Norte de Sevilla. Consejeria de Medio Ambiente − Junta de Andalucia, Sevilla, 27−43.Google Scholar

  • Mizerski, W., Orłowski, S., Przybycin, A. and Skurek-Skurczyńska, K. 1999. Large-scale erosional channels in the Lower Cambrian sandstones, Gieraszowice environs (Kielce Block, Holy Cross Mts.). Geological Quarterly, 43, 353−364.Google Scholar

  • Mizerski, W., Orłowski, S. and Rożycki, A. 1986. Tectonics of the Ociesęki and Zamczysko ranges in the Holy Cross Mts. Geological Quarterly, 30, 187−200.Google Scholar

  • Mizerski, W., Orłowski, S. and Waksmundzki, B. 1991. New data on geology of the Kamieniec Shale Formation (Lower Cambrian, Holy Cross Mts). Geological Quarterly , 35, 149−162.Google Scholar

  • Moberg, J.C. and Segerberg, C.O. 1906. Bidrag till Kannedomen om Ceratopyge-regionem med sarskild hansyn till dess utveckling i Fogelsangtrakten. Lunds UniversitetArsskrift N.F., 2(2), no. 7, 1−113.Google Scholar

  • Moczydłowska, M. 1991. Acritarch biostratigraphy of the Lower Cambrian and the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary in southeastern Poland. Fossils and Strata, 29, 1−127.Google Scholar

  • Moore, R.C. (Ed.) 1959. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part O, Arthropoda 1. pp. i−xix, 1−560. Geological Society of America, Boulder, and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence.Google Scholar

  • Morris, S.F. 1988. A review of British trilobites, including a synoptic revision of Salter’s monograph. PalaeontographicalSociety Monographs, 574, 1−316.Google Scholar

  • Nawrocki, J. 2006. Palaeogeography of the Holy Cross Mountains in the early Palaeozoic. In: S. Skompski and A. Żylińska (Eds), Procesy i zdarzenia w historii geologicznej Gor Świętokrzyskich. 77 Zjazd Naukowy Polskiego Towarzystwa Geologicznego, 9−13. [In Polish]Google Scholar

  • Nawrocki, J., Dunlap, J., Pecskay, Z., Krzemiński, L., Żylińska, A., Fanning, M., Kozłowski, W., Salwa, S., Szczepanik, Z. and Trela, W. 2007. Late Neoproterozoic to Early Palaeozoic palaeogeography of the Holy Cross Mountains (Central Europe): an integrated approach. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 164, 405−423.Google Scholar

  • Nawrocki, J. and Poprawa, P. 2006. Development of Trans-European Suture Zone in Poland: from Ediacaran rifting to Early Palaeozoic accretion. Geological Quarterly, 50, 59-76.Google Scholar

  • Nawrocki, J., Żylińska, A., Buła, Z., Grabowski, J., Krzywiec, P. and Poprawa, P. 2004. Early Cambrian location and affinities of the Brunovistulian terane (Central Europe) in the light of palaeomagnetic data. Journal of the GeologicalSociety, London, 161, 513−522.Google Scholar

  • Nielsen, A.T. and Schovsbo, N.H. 2011. The Lower Cambrian of Scandinavia: Depositional environment, sequence stratigraphy and palaeogeography. Earth-Science Reviews, 107, 207−310.Google Scholar

  • Orłowski, S. 1974. Lower Cambrian biostratigraphy in the Holy Cross Mts, based on the trilobite family Olenellidae. Acta Geologica Polonica, 24, 1−16.Google Scholar

  • Orłowski, S. 1975a. Lower Cambrian trilobites from Upper Silesia (Goczałkowice borehole). Acta GeologicaPolonica, 25, 377−383.Google Scholar

  • Orłowski, S. 1975b. Cambrian and Upper Precambrian lithostratigraphic units in the Holy Cross Mts. Acta GeologicaPolonica, 25, 431−448. [In Polish with English summary] Orłowski, S. 1985a. Lower Cambrian and its trilobites in the Holy Cross Mts. Acta Geologica Polonica, 35, 231−250.Google Scholar

  • Orłowski, S. 1985b. New data on the Middle Cambrian trilobites and stratigraphy in the Holy Cross Mts. Acta GeologicaPolonica, 35, 251−263.Google Scholar

  • Orłowski, S. 1985c. A trilobite with North American affinity in the Lower Cambrian of Poland. Journal of Paleontology , 59, 975−978.Google Scholar

  • Orłowski, S. 1987. Stratigraphy of the Lower Cambrian in the Holy Cross Mountains, Central Poland. Bulletin of thePolish Academy of Sciences, Earth Sciences, 35, 91−96.Google Scholar

  • Orłowski, S. 1988. Stratigraphy of the Cambrian System in the Holy Cross Mts. Geological Quarterly, 32, 525−532.Google Scholar

  • Orłowski, S. 1989. Trace fossils in the Lower Cambrian sequence in Świętokrzyskie Mountains, Central Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 34, 211−231.Google Scholar

  • Orłowski, S. 1992. Cambrian stratigraphy and stage subdivision in the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. GeologicalMagazine, 129, 471−474.Google Scholar

  • Orłowski, S. and Mizerski, W. 1995. New data on geology of the Middle Cambrian rocks in the Klimontow Anticlinorium (Holy Cross Mts.). Geological Quarterly, 39, 293−306.Google Scholar

  • Orłowski, S. and Żylińska, A. 2002. Lower Cambrian trace fossils from the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. GeologicalQuarterly, 46, 135−146.Google Scholar

  • Pajchlowa, M. (Ed.) 1990. Atlas of guide and characteristic fossils, Geology of Poland, III, 1a, Older Palaeozoic (with Upper Proterozoic), pp. 1−493. [In Polish, English version published in 1991].Google Scholar

  • Palmer, A.R. and Gatehouse, C.G. 1972. Early and Middle Cambrian trilobites from Antarctica. Geological Survey ofAmerica Professional Papers, 456-D, 1−37.Google Scholar

  • Palmer, A.R. and Repina L.N. 1993. Through a glass darkly: taxonomy, phylogeny, and biostratigraphy of the Olenellina. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions , 3, 1−35.Google Scholar

  • Palmer, A.R. and Rowell, A.J. 1995. Early Cambrian trilobites from the Shackleton Limestone of the Central Transantarctic Mountains. The Paleontological Society Memoir, 45, 1−28.Google Scholar

  • Radwański, A. 1969. Lower Tortonian transgression onto the southern slopes of the Holy Cross Mts. Acta GeologicaPolonica, 19, 1−164. [In Polish]Google Scholar

  • Repina, L.N., Petrunina, Z.E. and Khajrullina, T.I. 1975. Trilobites. In: Stratigraphy and fauna of the Lower Palaeozoic of the northern submontane belt of Turkestan and Alai Ridges (southern Tyan-shan). Akademia Nauk SSSR, Sibirskoe Otdelenie, Trudy Instituta Geologii i Geofiziki, 278, 100−248. [In Russian]Google Scholar

  • Resser, C.E. and Howell, B.F. 1938. Lower Cambrian Olenellus Zone of the Appalachians. Bulletin of the GeologicalSociety of America, 49, 195−248.Google Scholar

  • Richter, R. and Richter, E. 1941. Die Fauna des Unter-Kambriums von Cala in Andalusien. Abhandlungen der SenckenbergischenNaturforschenden Gesellschaft, 455, 1−90.Google Scholar

  • Richter, R. and Richter, E. 1948. Studien im Palaozoikum der Mittelmeer-Lander, 8. Zur Frage des Unter-Kambriums in Nordost-Spanien. Senckenbergiana, 29, 23−29.Google Scholar

  • Rushton, A.W.A. 1966. The Cambrian trilobites from the Purley Shales of Warwickshire. Palaeontological SocietyMonographs, 120, 1−55.Google Scholar

  • Rushton, A.W.A., Bruck, P.M., Molyneux, S.G., Williams, M. and Woodcock, N.H. 2011. A revised correlation of the Cambrian Rocks in the British Isles. Geological SocietySpecial Report, 25, 1−62.Google Scholar

  • Samsonowicz, J. 1918. Materials on the geology of the Holy Cross Mountains. Discovery of the Lower Cambrian in the Holy Cross Mountains. Sprawozdania z Posiedzeń TowarzystwaNaukowego Warszawskiego, wydział III, 11 (5), 701−705. [In Polish]Google Scholar

  • Samsonowicz, J. 1920. Stratigraphy of the Cambrian and Ordovician in the eastern part of the Holy Cross Mountains. Sprawozdania Polskiego Instytutu Geologicznego, 1, 53−67. [In Polish]Google Scholar

  • Samsonowicz, J. 1959a. On the Holmia-Fauna in the Cambrian of the Anticlinorium of Klimontow. Bulletin de l’AcademiePolonaise des Sciences, Serie des sciences chimiques,geologiques et geographiques, 7, 447−452.Google Scholar

  • Samsonowicz, J. 1959b. On Strenuaeva from the Lower Cambrian in the Klimontow Anticlinorium. Bulletin de l’AcademiePolonaise des Sciences, Serie des sciences chimiques,geologiques et geographiques, 7, 521−524.Google Scholar

  • Samsonowicz, J. 1959c. On Strenuella and Germaropyge from the Lower Cambrian in the Klimontow Anticlinorium. Bulletin de l’Academie Polonaise des Sciences,Serie des sciences chimiques, geologiques et geographiques , 7, 525−529.Google Scholar

  • Samsonowicz, J. 1962. Lower Cambrian fossils from the Klimontow anticlinorium of the Holy Cross Mts., Poland. Prepared for print from the deceased author’s MS notes by K. Korejwo and L. Teller. In: E. Passendorfer (Ed.), Księga Pamiątkowa ku czci Profesora Jana Samsonowicza, pp. 9−29.Google Scholar

  • Schmidt, F. 1888. Ueber eine neuentdeckte untercambrische Fauna in Estland. Memoires de l’Academie Imperiale desSciences de St-Petersbourg (7th series), 36, 1−27.Google Scholar

  • Sdzuy, K. 1961. Teil II: Trilobiten. In: F. Lotze and K. Sdzuy (Eds), Das Kambrium Spaniens. Akademie der Wissenschaftenund der Literatur, Abhandlungen der matematischnaturwissenschaftlichenKlasse, 1961 (7, 8), pp. 217−408.Google Scholar

  • Sdzuy, K. 1962. Trilobiten aus dem Unter-Kambrium der Sierra Morena (S-Spanien). Senckenbergiana Lethaea, 43, 181−229.Google Scholar

  • Sdzuy, K. 1995. Acerca del conocimiento actual del sistema Cambrico y del Limite Cambrico Inferior - Cambrico Medio. In: J.A. Gamez-Vintaned and E. Linan (Eds), Memorias de las IV Jornadas Aragonesas de Paleontologia: La expansion de la vida en el Cambrico. Libro homenaje al Prof. Klaus Sdzuy. Institucion Fernando el Catolico, Zaragoza, 253−263.Google Scholar

  • Shaler, N.S. and Foerste, A.F. 1888. Preliminary description of North Attleboro fossils. Harvard Museum of ComparativeZoology Bulletin, 16, 27−41.Google Scholar

  • Shaw, A.B. 1950. A revision of several Early Cambrian trilobites from eastern Massachusetts. Journal of Paleontology , 24, 577−590.Google Scholar

  • Studencki, M. 1988. Sedimentary conditions of the Ociesęki Sandstone and Kamieniec Shale formations (Lower Cambrian) in the Holy Cross Mountains. Kwartalnik Geologiczny , 32, 533−540. [In Polish]Google Scholar

  • Szczepanik. Z. and Żylińska, A. 2012. Dating of Cambrian rocks near Klimontow based on trilobites and acritarchs. In: W. Mizerski and B. Żbikowska (Eds), Geologia jedna?! II Polski Kongres Geologiczny, Abstrakty, 86. [In Polish]Google Scholar

  • Vidal, G. 1981. Lower Cambrian acritarch stratigraphy in Scandinavia. Geologiska Foreningens i StockholmForhandlingar, 103, 183−192.Google Scholar

  • Vidal, G. and Nystuen, J.P. 1990. Lower Cambrian acritarchs and the Proterozoic-Cambrian boundary in southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 70, 191−222.Google Scholar

  • Walcott, C.D. 1890. The fauna of the Lower Cambrian or Olenellus zone. In: 10 th Annual Report of the Director, 1888−1889, United States Geological Survey, Part 1 - Geology, 509−774.Google Scholar

  • Westrop, S.R. and Landing, E. 2000. Lower Cambrian (Branchian) trilobites and biostratigraphy of the Hanford Brook Formation, southern New Brunswick. Journal ofPaleontology, 74, 858−878.Google Scholar

  • Zhang, W., Lu, Y., Zhu, Z., Qian, Y., Lin, H., Zhou, Z., Zhang, S. and Yuan, J. 1980. Cambrian trilobite faunas of southwestern China. Palaeontologica Sinica, new series B, 159, 1−497. [In Chinese]Google Scholar

  • Żylińska, A. and Kin, A. 2010. Defense strategy in Strenuellapolonica Czarnocki (Ellipsocephalidae, Trilobita) from the Cambrian of the Holy Cross Mountains. In: M. Zatoń, W. Krawczyński, M. Salamon and A. Bodzioch (Eds), Kopalne Biocenozy w czasie i przestrzeni, XXI Konferencja Naukowa Sekcji Paleontologicznej Polskiego Towarzystwa Geologicznego, Żarki−Letnisko, 13−16 września 2010, 91−93. [In Polish]Google Scholar

  • Żylińska, A., Kin, A. and Nowicki, J. in press. Application of morphometric techniques for taxonomic revision of Berabichiaoratrix (Orłowski, 1985a) (Trilobita, Cambrian) from the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. Geodiversitas .Google Scholar

  • Żylińska, A. and Masiak, M. 2007. Cambrian trilobites from Brzechow, Holy Cross Mountains (Poland) and their significance in stratigraphic correlation and biogeographic reconstructions. Geological Magazine, 144, 661−686.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Żylińska, A. and Szczepanik, Z. 2009. Trilobite and acritarch assemblages from the Lower−Middle Cambrian boundary interval in the Holy Cross Mountains (Poland). ActaGeologica Polonica, 59, 413−458.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2013-03-27

Published in Print: 2013-03-01


Citation Information: Acta Geologica Polonica, Volume 63, Issue 1, Pages 57–87, ISSN (Print) 0001-5709, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/agp-2013-0002.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Marta BĄK, Lucyna NATKANIEC-NOWAK, Beata NAGLIK, Krzysztof BĄK, and Paweł DULEMBA
Acta Geologica Sinica - English Edition, 2017, Volume 91, Number 1, Page 39
[3]
Lukáš Laibl, Oldřich Fatka, Petr Budil, Per Ahlberg, Michal Szabad, Václav Vokáč, and Vladislav Kozák
Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology, 2015, Volume 39, Number 4, Page 477

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in