Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Agriculture (Pol'nohospodárstvo)

The Journal of National Agricultural and Food Centre

4 Issues per year

CiteScore 2016: 0.59

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.196
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.360

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Carbon sequestration and its dynamics in water-stable aggregates

PhD Vladimír Šimanský
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Soil Science, FAFR - Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, 949 76 Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, Slovak Republic
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ CSc Peter Kováčik
  • Department of Agrochemistry and Plant Nutrition, FAFR – Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, 949 76 Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, Slovak Republic
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-04-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/agri-2014-0001


Sequestration of organic carbon in soils is an effective strategy to mitigate global climate change. Carbon sequestration leads to an increase in carbon stocks in soil, thereby reducing greenhouse gas emissions while improving soil quality and crop production. There are several published articles containing information in which the authors explain carbon sequestration in different soil types under different climatic conditions or farming systems, but on the other hand there is less information about carbon sequestration in water-stable aggregates. In field experiment, the manner in which different soil management practices influence carbon sequestration and its dynamics in water-stable aggregates was studied. We evaluated the soil samples taken from Haplic Luvisol (Dolná Malanta - Slovakia) from all treatments of tillage (conventional, minimal and grassland) and fertilisation (without fertilisation, crop residues together with NPK fertilisers and only NPK fertilisers). The maintenance of carbon concentration within soil under conventional tillage and in native grassland was due to an enhanced incorporation of new organic matter from the coarse fraction of particulate organic matter to macro-aggregates and in treatment with ploughed crop residue together with NPK fertilisers, there was besides of this caused by the reduction of carbon mineralisation from the fine fraction. Soil management practices have a significant effect on the re-distribution of soil organic matter in water-stable aggregates. In conventional and minimal tillage, very important sources of carbon sequestration are agronomical favourable size fractions of water-stable macro-aggregates and in native grassland, as well as in all fertiliser treatments, the most important source of carbon sequestration is water-stable micro-aggregates.

Keywords: carbon sequestration; soil or ganic matter; water-stable aggregates; soil tillage; fertilisation


  • AMÉZKETA, E. 1999. Soil aggregate stability: a review. In Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, vol. 14, no. 2-3, pp. 83-151. DOI: 10.1300/J064v14n02_08.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • BALASHOV, E. - BUCHKINA, N. 2011. Impact of short- and long-term agricultural use of chernozem on its quality indicators. In International Agrophysic, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 1-5.Google Scholar

  • BARANČÍKOVÁ, G. - MAKOVNÍKOVÁ, J. - SKALSKÝ, R. - TARASOVIČOVÁ, Z. - NOVÁKOVÁ, M. - HALÁS, J. - KOCO, Š. - GUTTEKOVÁ, M. 2013. Changes in organic carbon pool in agricultural soils and its different development in individual agro-climatic regions of Slovakia. In Agriculture (Poľnohospodárstvo), vol. 59, no 1, pp. 9-20. DOI: 10.2478/ agri-2013-0002.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • BEARE, M.H. - CABRERA, M.L. - HENDRIX, P.F. - COLEMAN, D.C. 1994. Aggregate-protected and unprotected organic matter pools in conventional and no-tillage soils. In Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 58, pp. 787-795.Google Scholar

  • BRONICK, C.J. - LAL, R. 2005. Soil structure and land management: a review. In Geoderma, vol. 124, pp. 3-22. DOI:10.1016/j.geoderma.2004.03.005.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • BROWN, T.T. - HUGGINS, D.R. 2012. Soil carbon sequestration in the dryland cropping region of the Pacific Northwest. In Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, vol. 67, pp. 406-415.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • CAMBARDELLA, C.A. - ELLIOT, E.T. 1992. Particulate organic-matter changes across a grassland cultivation sequence. In Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 56, pp. 777-783.Google Scholar

  • CHAN, K.Y. - HEENAN, D.P. - OATES, A. 2002. Soil carbon fractions and relationship to soil quality under different tillage and stubble management. In Soil and Tillage Research, vol. 63, pp. 133-139.Google Scholar

  • DZIADOWIEC, H. - GONET, S.S. 1999. Przewodnik metodyczny do badań materii organicznej gleb [Methodical guide-book for soil organic matter studies]. Prace Komisji Naukowych Polskiego Towarzystwa Gleboznawczego, N. 120, Komisja chemii gleb, Zespół Materii Or ganicznej Gleb, N II/16, 65 p.Google Scholar

  • ELLIOTT, E.T. 1986. Aggregate structure and carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus in native and cultivated soils. In Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 50, pp. 627-633.Google Scholar

  • ELLIOTT, E.T. - COLEMAN, D.C. 1988. Let the soil work for us. In Ecological Bulletins, vol. 39, pp. 23-32.Google Scholar

  • FIALA, K. - KOBZA, J. - MATÚŠKOVÁ, Ľ. - BREČ- KOVÁ, V. - MAKOVNÍKOVÁ, J. - BARANČÍ- KOVÁ, G. - BÚRIK, V. - LITAVEC, T. - HOUŠ- KOVÁ, B. - CHROMANIČOVÁ, A. - VÁRADIOVÁ, D. - PECHOVÁ B. 1999. Záväzné metódy rozborov pôd. Čiastkový monitorovací system - pôda [Approved methods of soil analyses. Partial monitoring system - Soil]. Bratislava : VÚPOP, pp. 142.Google Scholar

  • GONZALEZ, J.M. - LAIRD, D.A. 2003. Carbon Sequestration in Clay Mineral Fractions from 14C-Labeled Plant Residues. In Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 67, pp. 1715-1720.Google Scholar

  • HAYNES, R.J. 2005. Labile organic matter fractions as central components of the quality of agricultural soils: an overview. In Advances in Agronomy, vol. 85, pp. 221-268.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • HUNGATE, A. - JACKSON, R.B. - FIELD, C.B. - CHAPIN, F.S. 1996. Detecting changes in soil carbon in CO2 enrichment experiments. In Plant and Soil, vol. 187, no. 2, pp. 135-145.Google Scholar

  • IUSS Working Group WRB. 2006. World reference base for soil resources 2006. 2nd edition. World Soil Resources Reports No. 103. Rome : F AO, pp. 145.Google Scholar

  • JANZEN, H.H. - CAMPELL, C.A. - ELLERT, B.H. - BREMER, E. 1997. Soil organic matter dynamics and their relationship to soil quality. In Soil Quality for Crop Production and Ecosystem Health. Amsterdam : Elservier, pp. 277-291.Google Scholar

  • JASTROW, J.D. 1996. Soil aggregate formation and the accrual of particulate and mineral-associated organic matter. In Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 28, no. 4-5, pp. 665-676.Google Scholar

  • KLADIVKO, J.E. 2001. Tillage systems and soil ecology. In Soil and Tillage Research, vol. 61, no. 1-2, pp. 61-76.Google Scholar

  • LAL, R. 2004. Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change. In Geoderma, vol. 123, no. 1-2, pp. 1-22. DOI:10.1016/j.geoderma.2004.01.032.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • LOBE, I. - AMELUNG, W. - DU PREEZ, C.C. 2001. Losses of carbon and nitrogen with prolonged arable cropping from sandy soils of the South African Highveld. In European Journal of Soil Science, vol. 52, pp. 93-101.Google Scholar

  • ŁOGINOW, W. - WISNIEWSKI, W. - GONET, S.S. - CIESCINSKA, B. 1987. Fractionation of organic carbon based on susceptibility to oxidation. In Polish Journal of Soil Science, vol. 20, pp. 47-52.Google Scholar

  • MARTENS, D.A. 2000. Plant residue biochemistry regulates soil carbon cycling and carbon sequestration. In Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 361-369.Google Scholar

  • PLANTE, A.F. - MCGILL, W.B. 2002. Soil aggregate dynamics and the retention of organic matter in laboratory- incubated soil with differing simulated tillage frequencies. In Soil and Tillage Research, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 79-92.Google Scholar

  • SANTOS, D. - MURPHY, S.L.S. - TAUBNER, H. - SMUCKER, A.J.M. - HORN, R. 1997. Uniform separation of concentric surface layers from soil aggregates. In Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 61, pp. 720-724.Google Scholar

  • SEMENOV, V.M. - IVANNIKOVA, L.A. - KUZNETSOVA, T.V. - SEMENOVA, N.A. - TULINA, A.S. 2008. Mineralization of Organic Matter and the Carbon Sequestration Capacity of Zonal Soils. In Eurasian Soil Science, vol. 41, pp. 717-730.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • SIX, J. - BOSSUYT, H. - DEGRYZE, S. - DENEF, K. 2004. A history of research on the link between (micro) aggregates, soil biota, and soil organic matter dynamics. In Soil and Tillage Research, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 7-31.Google Scholar

  • SIX, J. - CONANT, R.T. - PAUL, E.A. - PAUSTIAN, K. 2002. Stabilization mechanisms of soil organic matter: implications for C-saturation of soils. In Plant and Soil, vol. 241, pp. 155-176.Google Scholar

  • SIX, J. - ELLIOTT, E.T. - PAUSTIAN, K. 1999. Aggregate and soil organic matter dynamic under conventional and no-tillage systems. In Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 63, pp. 1350-1358.Google Scholar

  • ŠIMANSKÝ, V. - BAJČAN, D. - DUCSAY, L. 2013. The effect of organic matter on aggregation under different soil management practices in a vineyard in an extremely humid year. In Catena, vol. 101, pp. 108-113.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • ŠIMANSKÝ, V. 2013. Soil organic matter in water-stable aggregates under different soil management practices in a productive vineyard. In Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, vol. 59, pp. 1207-1214.Google Scholar

  • ŠIMANSKÝ, V. - TOBIAŠOVÁ, E. - CHLPÍK, J. 2008. Soil tillage and fertilization of Orthic Luvisol and their influence on chemical properties, soil structure stability and carbon distribution in water-stable macro- aggregates. In Soil and Tillage Research, vol. 100, no. 1-2, pp. 125-132.Google Scholar

  • ŠIMANSKÝ, V. - TOBIAŠOVÁ, E. 2012. The effect of different doses of nutrients on changes of soil organic matter in Rendzic Leptosol. In Agriculture (Poľnohospodárstvo), vol. 58, no 4. pp. 131-137. DOI: 10.2478/v10207-012-0014-7.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • ŠIMON, T. - JAVŮREK, M. - MIKANOVÁ, O. - VACH, M. 2009. The influence of tillage systems on soil organic matter and soil hydrophobicity. In Soil and Tillage Research, vol. 105, no. 1, pp. 44-48.Google Scholar

  • ŠOLTYSOVÁ, B. - DANILOVIČ, M. 2011. Tillage in relation to distribution of nutrients and organic carbon in the soil. In Agriculture (Poľnohospodárstvo), vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 21-30. DOI: 10.2478/v10207-011-0003-2.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • TISDALL, J.M. - OADES, J.M. 1982. Organic matter and water-stable aggregates in soils. In Journal of Soil Science, vol. 33, pp. 141-163.Google Scholar

  • VARADACHARI, CH. - MONDAL, A.H. - NAYAK, D.C. - GHOSH, K. 1994. Clay-humus complexation: Effect of pH and the nature of bonding. In Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1145-1149.Google Scholar

  • TOBIAŠOVÁ, E. - ŠIMANSKÝ, V. 2009. Kvantifikácia pôdnych vlastností a ich vzájomných vzťahov ovplyvnených antropickou činnosťou [Quantification of soil properties and their interrelationships effected by antropic activity]. Nitra : SPU, pp. 1 13.Google Scholar

  • ZANCANI, M. - PETRUSSA, E. - KRAJŇÁKOVÁ, J. - CASOLO, V. - SPACCINI, R. - PICCOLO, A. - MACRÌ, F. - VIANELLO, A. 2009. Effect of humic acids on phosphate level and energetic metabolism of tobacco BY-2 suspension cell cultures. In Environmental and Experimental Botany, vol. 65, no. 2‒3, pp. 287-295. DOI:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2008.09.012.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • ZAUJEC, A. - CHLPÍK, J. - NÁDAŠSKÝ, J. - SZOMBATHOVÁ, N. - TOBIAŠOVÁ, E. 2009. Pedológia a základy geológie [ Pedology and principles of geology]. Nitra : SUA, pp. 399.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2014-04-12

Published in Print: 2014-03-01

Citation Information: Agriculture, Volume 60, Issue 1, Pages 1–9, ISSN (Online) 1338-4376, ISSN (Print) 0551-3677, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/agri-2014-0001.

Export Citation

© by Vladimír Šimanský . This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Vladimír Šimanský, Eugene Balashov, and Ján Horák
Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 2016, Volume 62, Number 2, Page 177

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in