Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Agricultural Engineering

4 Issues per year

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2449-5999
See all formats and pricing
More options …

X-ray Analysis of Biomass Wood Briquette Structure

Kamil Krzysztof Roman / Adam Świętochowski
Published Online: 2016-06-18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/agriceng-2016-0015

Abstract

The study aims to measure the wood chips flow during the briquetting process by the X-ray image analysis. Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) constituted the used feedstock that has been previously divided, according to the standard, into four (>1.0; 1.1-4.0; 4.1-8.0; 8.1-16.0 mm) groups of fraction. Examination of the X-ray image allows description of the movement of the wood fractions flow after the briquetting process. The correlations between the vertical axis and scattering plane factors were estimated. The correlation coefficient was 0.973 and was almost complete. The calculations were made for the areas of deviations (SD) and the area of scattering planes (DPS). Particular flow irregularities were determined for deviations ranges of individual groups of fractions and were (>1.0)=3.04; (1.1-4.0)=4.08; (4.1-8.0)=6.33 and (8.1-16.0)=7.33 cm2, and for scattering planes they were accordingly e (>1.0)=0.32; (1.1-4.0)=0.72; (4.1-8.0)=0.97 and (8.1-16.0)=1.29 cm2.

Keywords: briquetting; wood chips; biomass flow; X-ray radiation

References

  • Ajaj, F., Ghassal, N. (2003). An MCNP-based model of a medical linear accelerator X-ray photon beam. Australasian Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine, 26(3), 140-144.Google Scholar

  • Grzybek, A. (2004). Biomass management on rural areas – actual state and perspectives. Inżynieria Rolnicza, 1(56), 115-125.Google Scholar

  • Hervé, V., Mothe, F., Freyburger, C., Gelhaye, E., Frey-Klett, P. (2014) Density mapping of decaying wood using X-ray computed tomography. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 86, 358-363.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Horabik, J., Grochowicz, M. (2000). Determination the parameters of bulk raw food plastic flow. Acta Agrophysica, 37, 29-30.Google Scholar

  • Kastengren, A., Powell, C. (2014). Synchrotron X-ray techniques for fluid dynamics. Experiments in Fluids, 55(3), 1-15.Google Scholar

  • L'Annunziata, M., Baradei, M. (2003). Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis. Academic Press, ISBN 0124366031, 58.Google Scholar

  • Lisowski, A., Świętochowski, A., Szulc, K., Lenart, A. (2011). Density and porosity of the cut and ground material of energy plants. Annals of Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Agricultural and Forest Engineering, 58, 21-28.Google Scholar

  • Lisowski, A., Świętochowski, A. (2014). Mechanical durability of pellets and briquettes made from a miscanthus mixture without and with the separation of long particles. Polish Society of Agricultural Engineering, 1, 93-100.Google Scholar

  • Liu, J., Qiao E. (2010). A statistical study of the relation between soft X-ray excess and accretion disk. Science China Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy, 53(1),102-105.Google Scholar

  • Matuchova, M., Zdansky, K., Zavadil, J., Danilewsky, A., Maixner, J., Alexiev, D. (2009). Electrical, optical and structural properties of lead iodide. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 20(3), 289-294.Google Scholar

  • Nurek, T., Roman, K. (2014). Effect of matter content on specic density of forest biomass. Annals of Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Agricultural and Forest Engineering, 64, 109-116.Google Scholar

  • PN-EN 15149-1. (2011). Biopaliwa stałe – Oznaczenie rozkładu wielkości ziaren – Część 1: Metoda przesiewania oscylacyjnego przy użyciu sit o szczelinie 3,15 mm lub większej.Google Scholar

  • PN-EN 15149-2. (2011). Biopaliwa stałe – Oznaczenie rozkładu wielkości ziaren – Część 2: Metoda przesiewania wibracyjnego przy użyciu sit o szczelinie 3,15 mm lub mniejszej.Google Scholar

  • Raslavičius, L., Grzybek, A., Dubrovin, V. (2011). Bioenergy in Ukraine – Possibilities of rural development and opportunities for local communities. Energy Policy, 39(6), 3370-3379.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Roman, M. (2015) Compost heap in agrotourism farm as an example of the renewable source of energy, Economic and Regional Studies, 8(3), 123-130.Google Scholar

  • Skalweit, H. (1938). Kräfte und Beanspruchungen in Strohpressen. 4 Konstrukteur-Kursus. RKTL, 88, 1-8.Google Scholar

  • Skonecki, S., Laskowski, J. (2010). Wpływ wielkości cząstek rozdrobnionej pszenicy na parametry procesu zagęszczania. Inżynieria Rolnicza, 3(121), 185-191.Google Scholar

  • Stanisz, A. (2006). Przystępny kurs statystyki z zastosowaniem STATISTICA PL na przykładach z medycyny. Tom 1. Statystyki podstawowe, 532.Google Scholar

  • Świętochowski, A. (2013). Aglomeracja ciśnieniowa biomasy i właściwości fizyczne paliw formowanych z roślin energetycznych. Doctoral dissertation, 165.Google Scholar

  • Tomazello, M., Brazolin, S., Chagas, M. P., Oliveira, J. T. S., Ballarin, A. W., Benjamin, C. A. (2008). Application of x-ray technique in nondestructive evaluation of eucalypt wood. Ciencia y tecnología 10(2), 139-149.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2015-11-01

Revised: 2015-12-01

Accepted: 2016-01-01

Published Online: 2016-06-18

Published in Print: 2016-04-01


Citation Information: Agricultural Engineering, Volume 20, Issue 1, Pages 147–154, ISSN (Online) 2449-5999, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/agriceng-2016-0015.

Export Citation

© 2016 Kamil Krzysztof Roman et al., published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in