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Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology

The Journal of Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health

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Volume 60, Issue 4 (Dec 2009)

Issues

Contaminants of Medicinal Herbs and Herbal Products

Ivan Kosalec / Josipa Cvek / Siniša Tomić
Published Online: 2010-01-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/10004-1254-60-2009-2005

Contaminants of Medicinal Herbs and Herbal Products

Medicinal plants have a long history of use in therapy throughout the world and still make an important part of traditional medicine. Thus, medicinal plants and herbal products must be safe for the patient (consumer). This review addresses biological contaminants (microbes and other organisms) and chemical contaminants (mycotoxins, toxic elements such as heavy metals, and pesticide residues) as major common contaminants of medicinal herbs and herbal products. To prevent and screen for contamination and ensure safety and conformity to quality standards, medicinal herbs and herbal products should be included in appropriate regulatory framework.

Onečišćenja u ljekovitom bilju i biljnim proizvodima

Ljekovito bilje i biljni proizvodi već tisućljećima nalaze široku primjenu u različitim sustavima tradicionalnog liječenja. Stoga je njihova neškodljivost, ponajprije uvjetovana kakvoćom biljne sirovine, od izuzetne važnosti za javno zdravstvo. Od mogućih čimbenika koji utječu na kakvoću ljekovitog bilja i biljnih proizvoda ovaj pregledni rad osvrće se na najčešće prisutna biološka (mikroorganizmi) i kemijska onečišćenja (mikotoksini, toksični elementi poput teških metala te ostaci pesticida). S ciljem postizanja ujednačenih standarda kakvoće te osiguranja sigurnosti primjene biljnih proizvoda od vitalne su važnosti zakonski propisi koji moraju u odgovarajućim regulatornim okvirima obuhvatiti ovu skupinu proizvoda s naglaskom na sprječavanju i ispitivanju njihovih mogućih onečišćenja.

Keywords: heavy metals; herbal medicines; microbes; mycotoxins; pesticides

Keywords: biljni lijek; mikotoksini; mikroorganizmi; pesticidi; teški metali

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Published Online: 2010-01-07

Published in Print: 2009-12-01


Citation Information: Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, ISSN (Print) 0004-1254, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/10004-1254-60-2009-2005.

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Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 2012, Volume 175, Number 6, Page 891
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Leticia García-Rico and Lourdes Tejeda-Valenzuela
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2013, Volume 185, Number 7, Page 6111
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DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2012, Volume 20, Number 1, Page 9
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Analytical Letters, 2013, Volume 46, Number 4, Page 615
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InnovAiT: Education and inspiration for general practice, 2011, Volume 4, Number 3, Page 179

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