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Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology

The Journal of Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health

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Knowledge and Attitudes of Health Care Workers from the Primary Health Centre in Inđija, Serbia on Professional Exposures to Blood-borne Infections

Zdenko Gajić1 / Smiljana Rajčević2 / Predrag Đurić2 / Svetlana Ilić2 / Tihomir Dugandžija3

1Primary Health Centre, Inđija, University of Novi Sad Faculty of Medicine, Novi Sad, Serbia

2Institute of Public Health of Vojvodina, University of Novi Sad Faculty of Medicine, Novi Sad, Serbia

3Institute of Oncology of Vojvodina, University of Novi Sad Faculty of Medicine, Novi Sad, Serbia

This content is open access.

Citation Information: Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Volume 64, Issue 1, Pages 145–151, ISSN (Print) 0004-1254, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/10004-1254-64-2013-2268, March 2013

Publication History

Published Online:

Exposure to blood-borne infections (HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C) poses a serious risk to health care workers (HCWs). The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the level of knowledge and attitudes on occupational exposure in primary health care. In 2009, a total of 100 health care workers from the Primary Health Care Centre in Inđija, Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, Serbia were included in the study. The results suggested that the health care workers who participated in the survey possess basic knowledge about blood-borne virus transmission routes. Most incorrect answers were related to the transmission of blood-borne viruses by tears, saliva, urine and stool. This study also demonstrated that health workers tend to unrealistically estimate the risk of HIV infections. As for the level of education about the prevention and control of blood-borne infections, 49 % of the participants had never had any education on this topic, while 22 % had been educated during the last five years. Around 75 % consider education on blood-borne infection and protective measures at work unnecessary.

Keywords : blood-borne virus; health personnel; professional risk; risk perception

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