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Applied Linguistics Review

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Exploring the effects of school context on Chinese students’ use of language learning strategies in English learning

Zhenhui Rao
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  • Foreign Languages College, Jiangxi Normal University, 99 Zi Yang Road, Nanchang, Jiangxi Province,P. R. China 330022
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/ Lin Huang
  • Foreign Languages College, Jiangxi Normal University, 99 Zi Yang Road, Nanchang, Jiangxi Province,P. R. China 330022
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Published Online: 2017-10-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/applirev-2017-0022

Abstract

The research reported here investigated the effects of contextual factors on Chinese students’ use of language learning strategies in English learning. The study differed from most of the previous studies on learning strategies in that the data were examined within Biggs (1993. What do inventories of students’ learning processes really measure? A theoretical review and clarification. British Journal of Educational Psychology 63. 3–19.) 3P (Presage, Process and Product) model of learning. Using a Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (Oxford, R. L. 1990. Language learning strategies: What every teacher should know. New York: Newbury House Publishers.) and interview, the researchers discovered the disparities in the use of learning strategies in English learning between the students from urban schools and those from rural schools. The former made a more frequent use of the strategies leading to the improvement of communicative competence and active involvement in classroom activities, whereas the latter showed a strong preference for the strategies relevant to the analysis of grammatical rules and linguistic details. An in-depth analysis of the data revealed that the differences in strategy use between the two groups might stem from some social and economic factors and could be linked to three elements in Biggs’ 3P model: value and expectation, teacher competence and teaching facilities. The article concludes by discussing some implications for English as a foreign language (EFL) teaching in Chinese schools and other similar education settings worldwide.

Keywords: language learning strategies; school context; English learning; Chinese students

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Published Online: 2017-10-25


Citation Information: Applied Linguistics Review, ISSN (Online) 1868-6311, ISSN (Print) 1868-6303, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/applirev-2017-0022.

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