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Acta Medica Bulgarica

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0324-1750
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Diagnosis of Dentin Caries – Ultraviolet Fluorescence

Ts. Uzunov
  • Department of Conservative Dentistry, Section of Dental Physical Therapy, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Sofia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ T. Uzunov / R. Grozdanova
  • Professor Assistant, Department of Conservative dentistry, section of Dental physical therapy, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Sofia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ D. Kosturkov
Published Online: 2015-02-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/amb-2014-0022

Summary

The technology advance in recent years determines the need of construction of modern appliances for early diagnosis of dental caries, which are categorized by great precision, non-invasiveness, easy usage and wide availability. Such non-invasive and accurate tool for diagnostics of caries is Caries Detector (LED), Bulgarian product by “Optica Laser”. The detector emits a specific wavelength of near ultraviolet light, which causes fluorescence to porphyrins - metabolic products of the life cycle of caries-inducing bacteria. The purpose of the study is piloting a new diagnostic tool for detection and monitoring of caries excavation based on fluorescence - LED UV caries detector of company “Optica laser”. Subjected to examination by caries indicator dye and UV caries detector were sixty permanent teeth with deep dentine caries. Two methods were used to assess the dentin caries - UV fluorescence detector of “Optica Laser” and staining with caries indicator - dye (Sable ™ Seek®). It was found that among all sixty teeth, the fields, closed by margins of carious process overlap. Fifty-four of tested teeth has shown bigger field of images with staining method and six - smaller in comparison to the fluorescent method. Ultraviolet fLuorescence caries detector of “Optica Laser” company is affordable and easy applicable method for controlled excavation of dentine caries. The detector can be used in daily dental practice equally with other methods. The unit has a number of advantages - non-invasiveness, lack of interaction with tooth structures, speed, reliability, efficiency, predictability and repeatability of results.

Keywords : diagnosis; dentin caries; ultraviolet fluorescence; dye; excavation

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About the article

Published Online: 2015-02-06

Published in Print: 2014-12-01


Citation Information: Acta Medica Bulgarica, ISSN (Online) 0324-1750, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/amb-2014-0022.

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© 2015. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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